fundamentals of graphic design part i elements of graphic design

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Fundamentals of Graphic Design Part I Elements of Graphic Design

Post on 23-Dec-2015




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  • Fundamentals of Graphic Design Part I Elements of Graphic Design
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  • Elements of Graphic Design 0 Line 0 Shape 0 Color 0 Value 0 Texture 0 Format
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  • Exercise 0 Questions: Where did you draw your first line- at the top or at the bottom? 0 Where did you draw your second line? 0 Were they on angles? 0 How long were the lines? 0 How thick were the lines? 0 Did the lines touch? 0 Did the lines bend or curve, or were they straight?
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  • El Paso Chile Co. Margarita Mix Package Design, Design Firm: Louise Fili Ltd, New York, NY Illustrator: James Grashow
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  • Line 0 Is a mark by a tool as it is drawn across a surface. (Moving a dot or point, open path)
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  • 0 Line type: line type or attributes refer to the way it moves from its beginning to its end. (straight, curving, or angular.) 0 Directions: describes a lines relationship to the page. Horizontal lines move across the page, east or west or west to east, north to south or south to north. Diagonal lines look slanted in comparison to the edges of the page. 0 Line quality: refers to how a line is drawn. A line may be bold, smooth, broken, thick or thin, regular or changing. All these adjectives, as well as many others, describe a lines visual quality.
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  • Line Type, Directions, Line Quality 0 ALL THREE OF THESE CATEGORIES APPLIED WHEN YOU Were ASKED TO DRAW TWO LINES ON THE PAGE. Ex: you many have drawn a thin, angular line that moved in a diagonal direction, or you may have drawn a smooth, curving line that moved in a horizontal direction. DESCRIBE YOUR LINES USING THE VOCABULAR TO YOUR NEIGHBOR.
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  • Lab #1: Exploring Lines 0 Click here for directions Click here for directions
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  • Shape 0 Shape is the general outline of any object. It can also be defined as a closed form or closed pathways to depict shapes on a 2D surface: Line can be used to describe a flat shape, like a pyramid or a cube. 0 A shape can be open or filled with color, tone or texture. 0 How a shape is drawn gives it a quality: a shape may be curving or angular, regular or changing, flat or volumetric, and so on.
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  • 0 We can translate a 3D forms of the real world into representational 2D shapes on a page by describing their particular edges using lines.
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  • 0 Create non-representational shapes with lines
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  • Others way to create shape Color or Collage
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  • ColorColor 0 Three categories of color 0 Hue: the name of a color 0 Value: the range of lightness or darkness 0 Saturation: the brightness for dullness of a color
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  • Primary colors 0 Painting: Red Blue yellow 0 Computer: Red Green Blue (RGB) 0 Printing: Yellow Magenta Cyan key (black)
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  • Painting 0 These colors are made from pigment
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  • Computer 0 Primary colors are: green, red, blue 0 Made by mixing light, which acts different than pigment 0 Mix red + green= yellow, red + blue=magenta, green + blue= cyan
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  • Why? Color on computers is made by mixing light. White light is produced by mixing the three primary colors together: these primaries are also called the additive primaries because when added together they create white light. You can millions of colors on a computer
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  • Printing 0 What color ink cartages to you put in your printer? 0 Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, CMYK K???? 0 The "K" in CMYK stands for key since in four-color printing cyan, magenta, and yellow printing plates are carefully keyed or aligned with the key of the black key plate. Using all four-color process key plate 0 The black is added to increase contrast.
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  • Lab II: Colors in the computer world 0 You are going to create a color wheel in Adobe Photoshop using shapes.
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  • Color in advertisement: The advertising world revolves around the principle of attraction. Whatever the product, in the end, the advertisement should attract the consumer. How do ads manage to attract attention? 0 One of the first things you notice about any advertisement is the colors. In ads that dont have a multimedia advantage (like ads in the newspaper or on a billboard), the colors and design are the only things holding the ad together.
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  • Its essential to use colors to project an image of the product is it a warm, family oriented-thing?
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  • 0 Is it a bright, colorful kiddy thing?
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  • 0 Is it a cool teen thing?
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  • 0 Red is an extremely powerful color. 0 symbolizes energy, power, vitality and vigor. 0 Red is an attractive color to nearly everyoneits the first color babies can see, the most popular color among children, and generally liked by adults as well.
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  • 0 Since it has the ability to physically affect humans by increasing the breathing and pulse rate, it can be used for anything exciting.
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  • power of products 0 red in the motor industry 0 red is speed, red is the beat, red is the groove
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  • 0 In addition, red is used to arouse adult men and women. Therefore, its used in beauty products like nail polish, lipstick and perfume.
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  • 0 Reds ability to stimulate the appetite makes it an excellent tool in food products as well. Sometimes red is used to symbolize fast-acting pills.
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  • 0 Since red is associated with the more passionate emotions (both love and hate!) its the only color that can really portray any vigorous reactionyou cant use green, blue or purple for those red hearts or that red-faced dog in cartoons. Thus, overall, red is a pretty useful advertising color
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  • Green 0 Green is the nature color. In todays world, green has a very strong association with the get- green fad and environment movements.
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  • 0 green portrays health and nature more than ever. Along with this, green has the nurturing and tranquil effect, as it happens to be the easiest color for the eye to see. Green is synonymous with harmony, and is a very, very utile color in advertising.
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  • 0 green also stands for the right thing. In some contexts, green is like the green traffic light signaling go; so thats another way ads can manipulate green.
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  • 0 On the other hand, green is also associated with money and financial powerthink about the US dollarsmeaning that sometimes it can be used to depict fast-earning schemes and investment plans
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  • Blue 0 Blue is probably the universal favorite. As a cool shade, it not only promotes serenity and clarity, it also denotes intellect and precision.
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  • 0 Blue has a lot of significance in formality and elegance, especially in its deeper shades. You might have noticed the many ads using blue luxury cars, navy-blue suits and rich blue office rooms.
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  • 0 Since it increases the concentration ability, blue can also be used to highlight the effectiveness of a product in terms of its smooth running. The cold side of blue is used to show refreshing cool drinks and icy cold mountain water.
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  • 0 Its also associated with purity and clarity, which is why window cleaners, mineral water, and glasses are all given blue tints. Blue is also associated with masculinity and can be used accordingly. 0 Although it is a versatile color, blue loses out on food products as it suppresses the appetite. Therefore, it is unwise to use blue in the field of food products.
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  • Yellow 0 Yellow is a two-faced advertising color. Although it is the most eye- catching color, yellow can be fatiguing to the eye and overbearing to the mind. 0 Yellow is a happy, energetic color, that sometimes symbolizes rejuvenation; hence the use of the color yellow in beauty products. But somehow, the color remains distasteful to men, maybe because of its conventional cheap connotation.
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  • 0 Yellow is also used to show the scrumptious attraction of buttery food products, the sunshiny cheerfulness of toys and such, and the happy child atmospheres in general. People tend to associate yellow to sunshine and happiness, so towards that effect, it remains a good advertising color tool.
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