famous painters and their works

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Famous Painters and their WorksFernando AmorsoloFernando Amorsolo painted and sketched more than ten thousand pieces over his lifetime using natural and backlighting techniques. His most known works are of the dalagang Filipina, landscapes of his Philippino homeland, portraits and WWII war scenes.

Born in Calle Herran in Paco, Manila, on May 20, 1892, Fernando Amorsolo began drawing and sketching as a young boy. The family lived in Daet until the death of his father. At that time his mother moved the family to the home of her cousin, artist Don Fabian dela Rosa in Manila. Amorsolo was 13 years old at the time and in order to help provide for his family, he sold his drawings and began to study art under dela Rosa.

"Young Girl"In 1909, he began studies at the Liceo de Manila and graduated from the University of the Philippines in 1914. After designing the logo for Ginebra San Miguel, Amorsolo received a grant to attend the Academia de San Fernando in Madrid from businessman Enrique Zobel de Ayala in 1916. A major influence in his painting style during this period was painter Diego Velasquez.

"Along the Mountain Trail, 1928"Oil on board, 14 x 16 inchesFernando Amorsolo used family members as subjects for many of his sketches and paintings. When WWII broke out, Amorsolo continued to paint from his home in Manila. Instead of painting landscapes with bright sun filled skies, he did works that portrayed the human suffering and wartime scenes along with self portraits and the Japanese occupation soldiers of the time. Many of these paintings were exhibited in the Malacanang presidential palace in 1948.

Following the war he returned to painting landscape scenes of the countryside and portraits. He painted oil portraits of all of the Philippine presidents, revolutionary leader General Emilio Aguinaldo, and General Douglas MacArthur.

Due to the popularity of his works he cataloged them and developed a technique to paint them quicker to meet the demand.

"Rice Harvesting"Throughout his life Fernando Amorsolo worked as an instructor, a draftsman for the Public Works, chief artist for the Pacific Commercial Company, illustrator for children's books and magazines, and served as Director at the School of Fine Arts before he retired in the early 1950s.

In the twilight years of his life, Amorsolo continued painting through declining health. He was married twice and had 13 children before a heart attack eventually took his life on April 24, 1972.

Vicente S. Manansala (1910-1981)Honored as National Artist in Painting in 1981, Vicente S. Manansala is considered the countrys pioneer in Cubism. He was one of the Thirteen Moderns led by Victorio C. Edades, and was one of the Big Three in the modernist movement, along with Cesar Legaspi and H. R. Ocampo. In addition, he formed the group of Neo-Realists together with Romeo Tabuena and Anita Magsaysay-Ho. Manansala developed transparent cubism and his works were done mostly in the figurative mode, reflecting the society and the local environment. He favored the styles of Picasso and Cezanne, and believed that the true beauty of art lay in the process of creating it.Manansala was born in Macabebe, Pampanga on January 22, 1910. He was the second of the eight children of Perfecto Q. Manansala and Engracia Silva. At the age of 15, he studied under painter Ramon Peralta while doing work painting movie posters at a shop in Manila. He entered the University of the Philippines School of Fine Arts in 1926 and graduated in 1930. He continued his studies under a UNESCO grant at the cole de Beaux Arts in Banff and Montreal, Canada in 1949, and under a French government scholarship at the cole de Beaux Arts in Paris in 1950. His training did not end there. In 1960, he received a grant from the United States to study stained glass techniques in New York. He also trained at the Otis Art Institute in 1967, and received another grant in 1970, this time from Germany, to study in Zurich.Manansala worked as an illustrator for the Philippines Herald and Liwayway and as a layout artist for Photonews and Saturday Evening News Magazine in the 1930s. He held his first one-man show at the Manila Hotel in 1951, and then went on to work as a professor at the University of Santo Tomas School of Fine Arts from 1951 to 1958.Vicente C. Manansala died in Makati in 1981.Paintings:

Tiange

Luksong Tinik

Carlos V. Francisco(1912-1969)Carlos V. Francisco popularly known as "Botong", was a distinguished muralist from and best known for his historical pieces. Also known as the Poet of Angono, Rizal he single-handedly brought back the art of mural painting in Philippines. He was one of the of the modernist artists together with Galo Ocampo and Victorio Edades known as " The Triumvirate" who broke away from romanticism style ofFernando Amorsolo's Philippine Scenes.

He went to School of Fine Arts in University of the Philippines, although he came from the same school of arts as Amorsolo, he did not follow the traditional style but developed a modernist style. After the2nd World War, he taught in School of Fine Arts inUniversity of Santo Tomasat the same time working withManuel Condefor cinema. He worked as scriptwriter for films such as "Ghengis Khan", "Putol na Kampilan", and "Tatlong Labuyo". He make costumes design also for films "Romeo at Julieta", "Prinsipe Tenoso", "Ibong Adarna", "Siete Infantes de Lara and "Juan Tamad" series.

His major works includes Portrait of Purita, The Invasion of Limahong, Serenade, Muslim Betrothal, Blood Compact, First Mass at Limasawa, The Martyrdom of Rizal, Bayanihan, Magpupukot, Fiesta, Bayanihan sa Bukid and Sandugo. His major masterpiece is the mural for Bulwagang Katipunan of the Manila City Hall.

He was the second Filipino whoreceivedthe title of National Artist in Painting in 1973 after Fernando Amorsolo. Among of his awards are first prize for his work "Kaingin" at the annual Art Association of the Philippines, "Most Outstanding Alumnus" in 1959, and Republic Cultural Heritage Award in 1964.

Fiesta by Carlos "Botong" Francisco

First Mass in the Philippines

Muslim Wedding, 1958

Juan Luna y Novicio(October 23, 1857 December 7, 1899) was anFilipinopainter

, sculptor and a political activist of thePhilippine Revolutionduring the late 19th century.Regarded for work done in the manner of theSpanish,ItalianandFrenchacademies of his time, Luna painted literary and historical scenes, some with an underscore of political commentary. His allegorical works were inspired with classical balance, and often showed figures in theatrical poses.Born in the town of Badoc,Ilocos Nortein the northern Philippines, Juan Luna was the third among the seven children of Don Joaquin Luna de San Pedro y Posadas and Doa Laureana Novicio y Ancheta.He took drawing lessons under the illustrious painting teacherLorenzo GuerreroofErmita, Manila. He also enrolled in theAcademy of Fine Arts(Academia de Dibujo y Pintura) in Manila where he was influenced and taught how to draw by the Spanish artistAgustin Saez.The Death of Cleopatra (La Muerte de Cleopatra),

also known simply asCleopatra,is an 1881 painting made by the Filipino painterJuan Luna. The famous paintingwas asilver medalistor second prize winnerduring the 1881National Exposition of Fine ArtsinMadrid(Exposicion Nacional de Bellas Artes).The 1881 Madrid painting contest was Lunas first art exposition.Because of the exposure, Luna received apensionscholarshipat theAyuntamiento de Manila. After the painting competition, Luna sold it for 5,000Spanishpesetas,the highest price for a painting at the time.As Lunas graduation work,The Death of Cleopatrawas acquired by theSpanish governmentfor one.TheSpoliarium(often misspelledSpolarium) is a painting byFilipinoartistJuan Luna. The painting was submitted by Luna to theExposicin Nacional de Bellas Artes

in 1884 in Madrid, where it garnered the first gold medal (out of three). In 1886, it was sold to theDiputacin Provincial de Barcelonafor 20,000pesetas. It currently hangs in the maingallery at the ground floor of theNational Museum of the Philippines, and is the first work of art that greets visitors upon entry into the museum.duros.Juan Luna spent eight months to finish this award winning masterpiece on a greatly huge canvas depicting dying gladiators. (Leon Ma. Guerrero, The First Filipino 2007) Ambeth Ocampo wrote, the fact remains that when Luna and Felix Resurrection Hidalgo won the top awards in the Madrid Exposition of 1884, they proved to the world that indios could, despite their supposed barbarian race, paint better than the Spaniards who colonized them.

Espaa y Filipinas, meaning Spain and the Philippines in translation, is an 1886oilonwood[by Filipino painter,ilustrado,propagandist, andpaladin,Juan Luna. It is anallegoricaldepictionof twowomentogether, one a representation ofSpainand the other of thePhilippines.The painting, also known asEspaa Guiando a Filipinas(Spain Leading the Philippines),is regarded as one of the enduring pieces of legacy that theFilipinosinherited from Luna.The painting is acenterpieceart at the Luna Hall[1]of theLopez Memorial Museum.Although an olol on canvas masterpiece[1][2]that projected a close bond between Spain and the Philippines through feminine figures, it is apropagandapainting that revealed the true hope and desire ofFilipino propagandistsduring the 19th-millenia: assimilation with Spain, reform, equality, modernization, and economic improvement. Contrary toJose,wallys estimation that Luna was a Hispanophile, or a person who could never go against Spain, theEspaa y Filipinasportraitis a lesscombativeposture of Luna for showing to Spain and the viewers of the painting the needs of the Philippines at the time.TheSpaniardwoman or Mother Spain was drawn with wide strongshoulders while theFilipino womanw

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