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  • 1.FAMOUS PAINTERS 17-20 centuries

2. SIR ANTHONY VAN DYCK Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641) is a Flemish portrait and religious painter and etcher. In1618 he was received as a master in the artists guild, but even before this he produced independent paintings in his studio. For a few years he was the skilled assistant and close collaboration of Rubens. He was also summoned to England by James I, whose portrait he painted. In his portraits he conferred upon his sitters elegance, dignity, and refinement, qualities pleasing to royalty and aristocracy. In Antwerp he painted his masterly Lamentation, his best portrait. The work of Van Dyck differs radically from Rubens although it is similar in technique. The colour is much more restrained, the form more refined, although his best work has an essential vigor. Van Dyck produced a fine series of etched portraits known as the Iconography. 3. SIR ANTHONY VAN DYCK Henrietta Maria and the dwarf, Charles I with M. de St Antoine Sir Jeffrey Hudson, 1633 (1633) 4. WILLIAM HOGARTH William Hogarth (10.11.1697 26.10.1764) was an English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic and editorial cartoonist who has been credited with pioneering western sequential art. His work ranged from realistic portraiture to comic strip-like series of pictures called "modern moral subjects". Hogarth was also a popular portrait painter. In 1746 he painted actor David Garrick as Richard III. In the same year a sketch of Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat, had an exceptional success.Hogarth's truthful, vivid full-length portrait of his friend, the philanthropic Captain Coram and his unfinished oil sketch of The Shrimp Girl may be called masterpieces of British painting. The Shrimp Girl is an unsurpassed masterpiece, depicted in bright colours and quick brush strokes. The image of a laughing, cheerful common girl is contrasted to the ugly world of vices and corruption. In this portrait, the artist managed to capture the girls expression and the mood of the moment. Her face and everything is young and fresh. Simple and real-life atmosphere, illuminated by youth, is joyous and lovely. There are also portraits of his wife and his two sisters and of many other people, among them Bishop Hoadly and Bishop Herring. 5. WILLIAM HOGARTH The Shrimp Girl Marriage -la-mode, Shortly After the Marriage (scene two of six). 6. REMBRANDT VAN RIJN Rembrandt van Rijn (15.07.1606 04.10.1669) was a Dutch painter and etcher. He is generally considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in the European art history and the most important in Dutch history. His contributions to art came in a period of great wealth and cultural achievement that historians call the Dutch Golden Age when painting was extremely prolific and innovative. Having achieved youthful success as a portrait painter, Rembrandt's later years were marked by personal tragedy and financial hardships. Yet his etchings and paintings were popular throughout his lifetime, his reputation as an artist remained high, and for twenty years he taught many important Dutch painters. Rembrandt's greatest creative triumphs are exemplified especially in his portraits of his contemporaries, 100 self-portraits and illustrations of scenes from the Bible. His self-portraits form a unique and intimate biography, in which the artist surveyed himself without vanity and with the utmost sincerity. In his paintings and prints he exhibited knowledge of classical iconography, which he molded to fit the requirements of his own experience; thus, the depiction of a biblical scene was informed by Rembrandt's knowledge of the specific text, his assimilation of classical composition, and his observations of Amsterdam's Jewish population. The prodigious output of his lifetime is known to embrace more than 600 paintings, 300 etchings and nearly 2,000 drawings. 7. REMBRANDT VAN RIJN The Risen Christ Appearing to Mary Magdalen The Return of the Prodigal Son The Storm on the Sea of Galilee 8. CLAUDE MONET Claude Monet (14.11.1840 05.12.1926) was one of the founders of French impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plain-air landscape painting. The term Impressionism is derived from the title of his painting Impression, Sunrise. These artists were called impressionists because they painted outdoors and developed a sketchy impressionistic style, trying to capture the changing effect of natural light. Its better to look at Monets pictures from a distance because his pictures are made of thousands of coloured dots, which merge together and form the objects. In this way the artist expressed his impressions. Throughout his long career, Monet consistently depicted the landscape and leisure activities of Paris and its environs as well as the Normandy coast. He led the way to twentieth-century modernism by developing a unique style that strove to capture on canvas the very act of perceiving nature. He was making several series of studies of the same object at different times of the day or year: haystacks, morning views of the Seine, poplars, the Thames. Monet found subjects in his immediate surroundings, as he painted the people and places he knew best. His first wife, Camille and his second wife, Alice, frequently served as models. In the 1910s and '20s, Monet focused almost exclusively on the picturesque water-lily pond that he created on his property at Giverny. In the last decade of his life, nearly blind, Monet painted a group of large water lily murals Nympheas. 9. CLAUDE MONET Impression, Sunrise Nympheas Bridge over a Pond of Water Lilies 10. VINCENT WILLEM VAN GOGH Vincent Willem van Gogh (30.03.1853 29.07.1890) was a Dutch post-Impressionist painter whose work, notable for its rough beauty, emotional honesty and bold colour, had a far-reaching influence on 20th-century art. Van Gogh began to draw as a child, and he continued to draw throughout the years that led up to his decision to become an artist. He did not begin painting until his late twenties, completing many of his best-known works during the last two years of his life. In just over a decade, he produced more than 2,100 artworks, consisting of 860 oil paintings and more than 1,300 watercolors, drawings, sketches and prints. His work included self portraits, landscapes, still lives of flowers, portraits and paintings of cypresses, wheat fields and sunflowers. Van Gogh was a prolific self-portraitist, who painted himself 37 times. Van Gogh, known for his landscapes, seemed to find painting portraits his greatest ambition. He said of portrait studies, "The only thing in painting that excites me to the depths of my soul, and which makes me feel the infinite more than anything else." Tragically, Van Gogh died not knowing the acclaim his art would receive. Today his legacy is immortal and he will be forever known as one of the greatest artists of the modern era. 11. VINCENT WILLEM VAN GOGH Still Life: Vase with Twelve Sunflowers Wheat Field with Cypresses 12. JOHN CONSTABLE John Constable (11.06.1776 31.03.1837) was an English Romantic painter, known principally for his landscape paintings of Dedham Vale, the area surrounding his homenow known as "Constable Country". His most famous paintings include Dedham Vale and The Hay Wain which won gold medal. Although his paintings are now among the most popular and valuable in British art, he was never financially successful and did not become a member of the establishment until he was elected to the Royal Academy at the age of 52. He sold more paintings in France than in his native England. Constable painted many full-scale preliminary sketches of his landscapes in order to test the composition in advance of finished pictures. These large sketches, with their free and vigorous brushwork, were revolutionary at the time, and they continue to interest artists, scholars and the general public. The oil sketches of The Leaping Horse and The Hay Wain, for example, convey a vigour and expressiveness missing from Constable's finished paintings of the same subjects. Possibly more than any other aspect of Constable's work, the oil sketches reveal him in retrospect to have been an avant-garde painter, one who demonstrated that landscape painting could be taken in a totally new direction. 13. JOHN CONSTABLE The Hay Wain Dedham Vale Salisbury Cathedral 14. THOMAS GAINSBOROUGH Thomas Gainsborough (14.05.1727 02.08.1788) was an English portrait and landscape painter. In 1769, he became a founding member of the Royal Academy, but his relationship with the organization was thorny and he sometimes withdrew his work from exhibition. Gainsborough moved to London in 1774, and painted portraits of the King and Queen, but the King was obliged to name as royal painter Gainsborough's rival Joshua Reynolds. In his last years, Gainsborough painted relatively simple landscapes and is credited as the originator of the 18th century British landscape school. Gainsborough died of cancer. He painted quickly and his later pictures are characterized by a light palette and easy strokes. He preferred landscapes to portraits. He painted all parts of his pictures himself, an unusual practice for his day. He left a large collection of landscape drawings. Gainsborough was, with Reynolds, the leading portrait painter in England in the later 18th century. The feathery brushwork of his mature work and rich sense of colour contribute to the enduring popularity of his portraits. Unlike Reynolds, he avoids references to Italian Renaissance art or the antique, and shows his sitters in fashionable contemporary dress. 15. THOMAS GAINSBOROUGH The Blue Boy River Landscape 16. PABLO PICASSO Pablo Picasso (20.10.1881 08.04.1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and stage designer who spent most of his adult life in France.