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  • Slide 1
  • Europe
  • Slide 2
  • Classical Period: Politics Greece o city-states o aristocracies o direct democracies o Alexander the Great Hellenism Rome o republic dictatorship in times of crisis o senate o Julius Caesar o Augustus Caesar o Constantine
  • Slide 3
  • Classical Period: Economy Greece o agricultural o traded wine and grain o traded for Asian spices and art o slavery o sea trade Rome o agriculture in Africa o traded for Asian spices and art o slavery o roads for trade
  • Slide 4
  • Classical Period: Religion polytheistic secular Constantine; Christianity in Rome
  • Slide 5
  • Classical Period: Culture Greece o scholars believed in human goodness o art and literature based on religion o little scientific innovation; many theories o Aristotle, Socrates, Plato Rome o engineering aqueducts and roads o large architectural structures domes
  • Slide 6
  • Classical Period: Interactions trade with India, China, and Middle East Punic Wars between Rome and the Phoenicians Alexander the Greats empire Roman empire
  • Slide 7
  • Classical Period: Comparisons Rome republic slavery Han China bureaucracy no slavery Both foreign invasions large empires patriarchal
  • Slide 8
  • Classical Period: Continuities slavery city states (Greece) polytheism (Greece)
  • Slide 9
  • Classical Period: Changes republic to Empire (Rome) Christianity (Rome) increase in power of the emperor (Rome)
  • Slide 10
  • Postclassical Period: Politics Byzantines o Justinian unified law code o autocratic Holy Roman Empire o feudalism o Charles Martel o Charlemagne o crusades
  • Slide 11
  • Postclassical Period: Economy Byzantines o commercial center of Europe o traded grain and silk Holy Roman Empire o manorialsim o little trade
  • Slide 12
  • Postclassical Period: Religion Byzantines o Orthdox Christianity o Great Schism o emperor is head of church Holy Roman Empire o Catholicism o religion very important o Great Schism o pope is head of church
  • Slide 13
  • Postclassical Period: Culture Byzantines o Hagia Sophia o Greek language Holy Roman Empire o poor living conditions o technologically backward o large differences between nobility and peasants
  • Slide 14
  • Postclassical Period: Interactions Crusades trade with India, Africa, Arabs (Byzantines)
  • Slide 15
  • Postclassical Period: Comparisons W. Europe little trade Christianity Arabs trade hub Islam Both crusades monotheistic
  • Slide 16
  • Postclassical Period: Continuities Feudalism technologically backward Catholicism Slavery
  • Slide 17
  • Postclassical Period: Changes Orthodox Christianity Muslim influence
  • Slide 18
  • Early Modern Period: Politics Enlightenment Constitutional Monarchy (Britain) Absolute Monarchy Feudalism colonization
  • Slide 19
  • Early Modern Period: Economy Mercantilism trading companies large amounts of gold and silver from colonizations large difference in wealth between western and southeastern Europe
  • Slide 20
  • Early Modern Period: Religion Protestant revolution o Lutheranism, Anglican church, Calvinism Martin Luther, Henry VIII, Jean Calvin north became protestant; south remained Catholic English Civil War
  • Slide 21
  • Early Modern Period: Culture massive population increase scientific revolution movable type humanism neoclassicism European-style family - late marriage age, emphasis on families of parents and children
  • Slide 22
  • Early Modern Period: Interactions colonization o N. America, Latin America, Southeast Asia, India, coasts of Africa Battle of Lepanto trade with India
  • Slide 23
  • Early Modern Period: Comparisons W. Europe mercantilism open to trade China regulated market unopen to trade Both advanced sea travel
  • Slide 24
  • Early Modern Period: Continuities Feudalism Slavery
  • Slide 25
  • Early Modern Period: Changes Enlightenment Scientific Revolution Reformation Mercantilism
  • Slide 26
  • Industrial Period: Politics French Revolution o start of end of Feudalism 1848 revolutions Imperialism Liberals, Conservatives, Radicals Napoleon, Robespierre Congress of Vienna Crimean War
  • Slide 27
  • Industrial Period: Economy Industrial Revolution Capitalism Proletariat class bourgeois early Socialism
  • Slide 28
  • Industrial Period: Religion Protestantism Catholicism Russian Orthodox Sunni Islam (Ottoman Empire) religion loses importance
  • Slide 29
  • Industrial Period: Culture poor living conditions romanticism in art realism in art (due to industrial revolution) abolishment of slavery
  • Slide 30
  • Industrial Period: Interactions trade with Africa, N. America, China, India Imperialism
  • Slide 31
  • Industrial Period: Comparisons W. Europe constitutional monarchy industrial Russia feudalism autocracy agricultural Both protestant religion patriarchal
  • Slide 32
  • Industrial Period: Continuities autocracy in Russia expansion
  • Slide 33
  • Industrial Period: Changes capitalism end of Feudalism abolishment of slavery
  • Slide 34
  • Modern Period: Politics World War I & II Cold War Fascism Liberal Democracy end of Imperialism
  • Slide 35
  • Modern Period: Economy Great Depression o high unemployment and economic decline Communism in Russia
  • Slide 36
  • Modern Period: Religion Protestantism Catholicism Russian Orthodox
  • Slide 37
  • Modern Period: Culture poor living conditions womens rights large advances in technology and science
  • Slide 38
  • Modern Period: Interactions World War I & II trade with most of the world o N. America, China, etc
  • Slide 39
  • Modern Period: Comparisons W. Europe capitalism liberal democracy Russia communism autocracy Both WW I & II
  • Slide 40
  • Modern Period: Continuities technological and scientific advancement autocracy in Russia
  • Slide 41
  • Modern Period: Changes liberal democracy end of imperialism womens rights