alexander & hellenism

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Alexander & Hellenism. Alexander’s Achievements Spread of Hellenism Creation of Silk Road IDs: Alexander of Macedonia (the Great) 356-323 BCE, Hellenism, Graeco -Bactria. Big Themes of World History. Was there a world-wide “Spiritual Age” from 600-400 BCE?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Confucianism, Classical Greek Philosophy & Alexander the Great

Alexander & HellenismAlexanders AchievementsSpread of HellenismCreation of Silk Road

IDs: Alexander of Macedonia (the Great) 356-323 BCE, Hellenism, Graeco-Bactria

Big Themes of World HistoryWas there a world-wide Spiritual Age from 600-400 BCE?

Vedic religion Hinduism (sacrifice ethics)Judean tribal religion JudaismClassical Greek PhilosophyThe Buddha (ca. 563-483 BCE) Confucius (551-479 BCE)Major Shift from 336 BCE-50 CE: Afro-Eurasia becomes more connected

Historical Question:Does Alexander of Macedonia deserve to be called the Great? Was he that important to world history? I. Alexanders Achievements A. Background: Classical Greek culture around Mediterranean Sea

born 356 BCE reigned from 336 to 323 BCE

Philip II of MacedoniaAristotle

B. AchievementsConquered huge territory

C. ProjectsPurposeful Policy of Multi-Ethnic Cultural ExchangePersiansBactrians

Sets up foundation for trade institutions connecting Mediterranean to Indiaa. Coins b. Greek languagec. Product exchanged. Caravan routese. Cities as commercial hubs

Alexandria(s)

Plantations & Slavery

D. Spreads Hellenistic CultureResult: Inter-connects Afro-Eurasian elites

cosmopolitan

Elements of Hellenistic CultureGreek languageGymnasiums (education)TheatersAthletic gamesArtPoliticsPhilosophy Dress/Style

ButAlexander died before it got going.

II. Spread of Hellenism & Interconnection

B. Successor States (323-75 BCE)

Seleucid (Syria & Persia)Ptolemaic Egypt (Ptolemy)Graeco-BactriaMacedonia1. CosmopolitanismAlexandria, EgyptLibrary

2. Learning & Science

Hellenism/Hellenistic CultureInfluences elites from Spain to India

2. Successor States Supported Trade Across Afro-EurasiaGoverned large regionsMoneyCommon languageLegal institutions/codesArmies

3. Spread of Hellenistic CultureIndo-Greek states: Graeco-Bactria