alexander & hellenism i.alexander’s achievements ii.spread of hellenism iii.creation of silk road...

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  • Slide 1
  • Alexander & Hellenism I.Alexanders Achievements II.Spread of Hellenism III.Creation of Silk Road IDs: Alexander of Macedonia (the Great) 356- 323 BCE, Hellenism, Graeco-Bactria
  • Slide 2
  • Big Themes of World History Was there a world-wide Spiritual Age from 600-400 BCE? Vedic religion Hinduism (sacrifice ethics) Judean tribal religion Judaism Classical Greek Philosophy The Buddha (ca. 563-483 BCE) Confucius (551-479 BCE)
  • Slide 3
  • Major Shift from 336 BCE-50 CE: Afro-Eurasia becomes more connected
  • Slide 4
  • Historical Question: Does Alexander of Macedonia deserve to be called the Great? Was he that important to world history?
  • Slide 5
  • I. Alexanders Achievements A. Background: Classical Greek culture around Mediterranean Sea
  • Slide 6
  • born 356 BCE reigned from 336 to 323 BCE Philip II of Macedonia Aristotle
  • Slide 7
  • B. Achievements Conquered huge territory
  • Slide 8
  • Slide 9
  • C. Projects Purposeful Policy of Multi-Ethnic Cultural Exchange Persians Bactrians
  • Slide 10
  • Sets up foundation for trade institutions connecting Mediterranean to India a. Coins b. Greek language c. Product exchange d. Caravan routes e. Cities as commercial hubs
  • Slide 11
  • Alexandria(s)
  • Slide 12
  • Plantations & Slavery
  • Slide 13
  • D. Spreads Hellenistic Culture Result: Inter- connects Afro- Eurasian elites cosmopolitan
  • Slide 14
  • Elements of Hellenistic Culture Greek language Gymnasiums (education) Theaters Athletic games Art Politics Philosophy Dress/Style
  • Slide 15
  • Slide 16
  • ButAlexander died before it got going.
  • Slide 17
  • II. Spread of Hellenism & Interconnection
  • Slide 18
  • B. Successor States (323-75 BCE) Seleucid (Syria & Persia) Ptolemaic Egypt (Ptolemy) Graeco-Bactria Macedonia
  • Slide 19
  • 1. Cosmopolitanism Alexandria, Egypt Library 2. Learning & Science
  • Slide 20
  • Hellenism/Hellenistic Culture Influences elites from Spain to India
  • Slide 21
  • 2. Successor States Supported Trade Across Afro-Eurasia Governed large regions Money Common language Legal institutions/codes Armies
  • Slide 22
  • 3. Spread of Hellenistic Culture Indo-Greek states: Graeco-Bactria

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