apa citation style kaplan university. seminar objectives  define plagiarism  review apa ...

Download APA Citation Style Kaplan University. Seminar objectives  Define plagiarism  Review APA  Explain the difference between a citation and a reference

Post on 01-Jan-2016

222 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • APA Citation StyleKaplan University

  • Seminar objectivesDefine plagiarismReview APAExplain the difference between a citation and a referenceExplain when to cite a statement as a direct quoteProvide an in-text citation for a direct quoteProvide an in-text citation for a non-direct quotePresent reference examples of a book, a journal and an internet sourceWrite an APA reference!

  • Question for classWhy do we cite material?

  • AnswerMost important reason to avoid plagiarism!

    To provide enough information so your reader can find the original source if they want to read more on the subject.

    To provide full credit to the author of the original work.

  • QuestionIs plagiarism stealing?

  • AnswerYes! Absolutely! Plagiarism is taking something someone else has spent hours doing and presenting it as your own.And, like crimes have severe punishment, plagiarism, even unintentional, can be grounds for expulsion from colleges.Please review Kaplans Plagiarism Policy in the syllabus

  • What is APA?APA means The American Psychological Assocation; they created this method of formattingAPA formatting is an approach to writing that provides credit to the author of material that you have used in a paper.APA formatting is also a specific style (how your paper should look).

  • The BasicsThere are two parts to giving credit to an another person in your paper when you are formatting with APA:1) The citation: a very brief statement written within your text that tells the reader the idea that I just talked about was not mine, but belonged to another person.The citation is brief so as not to interrupt the reading much

  • The BasicsThere are two parts to giving credit to an another person in your paper when you are formatting with APA:2) The reference listing: a more detailed listing that comes at the end of the paper and can tell the reader enough information that they can actually go and find the book

  • The Basics (Examples)A citation (in red):The Jonesburg Police Department started their community policing project in 1999 (Jones, 2007).The reference listing (in green):Jones, J. (2007). Community policing. Chicago: Kaplan Publishing.Note: these are the same source (book); the citation is brief, the reference listing more detailed

  • The BasicsThe citation and reference listing are related; they co-existyou cant have one without the otherThey serve two different purposes

  • The BasicsHere is a sample of what a paper may look like with a citation and a related reference listing (for the same source)Here is the citation within the papers textHere is the reference listing, listed at the end of the paper under References

    When a societys collective conscious loses its ability to control its members, then crime develops. The collective conscious is at its best in a mechanical society, characterized by families living in a traditional environment with social relationships (Winfree & Abadinsky, 2003).

    References

    Winfree, L.T., Jr, & Abadinsky, H. (2005).Understanding crime: Theory and practice (2nd ed.) Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

  • Direct quotes vs paraphrasedDirect Quote -Any time you use 3 or more words from another source. Failure to cite as a direct quote =

    Paraphrased Material - When you put the authors material in your own words.

  • When to cite?Whenever you are referring to an idea that is not uniquely your own, one that has been drawn from another source, you must cite that idea as someone elses. The most common example is from a periodical or book:Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (Jones, 2005).

  • When to cite?The citation can look like:Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (Jones, 2005).

    According to Jones (2005) community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police.

  • When to cite?The order of the citation is important, and should include, in parenthesis, the authors name, a comma, and the year of publication:Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (Jones, 2005).Author nameYear

  • When to cite?You must cite the particular source (book, journal article, internet source, etc) each time you draw from it; not just the first time you use it in a text.

    OR =

  • When to cite?If your citation refers to a specific page or pages (most often quotations), you should also include that in your citation:Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (Jones, 2005, p. 48).Page number for a direct quote

  • When to cite?Important: if you directly quote a text, you must put the quote in quotation marks:Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (Jones, 2005, p. 48). Note the purple portion is a direct quote from the Jones source

  • When to cite?Almost without exception, your in-text citation should connect to an entry in your reference list toward the end of your paper. Reference list formats are covered later:Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (Jones, 2005).Jones, A. (2005). Community policing. Hartford, CT: Scholarly Publishers, Inc.Reference list

  • Examples: No authorsWhat if your source does not have an author listed anywhere? You will list the first few words of the title of the work:Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (Policing in Action, 2005).Title synopsis

  • Examples: No dateWhat if your source does not have a publish date listed anywhere? You will list the author, and n.d. for no date:Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (Jones, n.d.).n.d. = no dateNote: if you dont have anauthor or a date, your citationmight read:(Policing in Action, n.d.)

  • Examples: Two authorsYour book or periodical might have more than one author. You must list both authors every time you draw and idea from that particular source:Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (Jones & Smith, 2005).OR According to Jones and Smith (2005) community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department .

  • Examples: Three to Six AuthorsIf you have three to six authors, you cite two different ways. The first time you cite the source, you list all authors: Listening is one of the most important and useful skills human beings possess (Sherfield, Montgomery, & Moody, 2006, p. 132).Each additional time you cite this source in your paper, you only list the first author, and follow it up with et al.:Effective listening skills can mean the difference between success and failure, As and Fs, relationships and loneliness (Sherfield, et al., 2006, p. 132).

    et al. stands for and others

  • ReferencesRecall that almost without exception, your in-text citation should connect to an entry in your reference list toward the end of your paper. Community policing involves developing a relationship between citizens and the police department (Jones, 2005).Jones, A. (2005). Community Policing. Hartford, CT: Scholarly Publishers, Inc.

  • References - FormattingReferences are formatted in the fashion below. The reference is in hanging indent style, with the first line not indented and all lines that follow indented. Jones, A. (2005). Community policing. Hartford, CT: Scholarly Publishers, Inc.Hanging indent

  • References - FormattingIn general, the author is listed first; last name first, first initial next. The year is listed in parenthesis after that. The title is then displayed in italics. If it is a book, the city (and possibly the state) of publication is offered, followed by a colon and the publishing company name. Jones, A. (2005). Community policing. Hartford, CT: Scholarly Publishers, Inc.

  • References - FormattingReference lists are in alphabetical order by the authors last name. Multiple authors for the same reference are listed in the same order they appear on the book. If you have more than one reference by the same author, you list them in order by the year of publication.Use & as opposed to and in listing multiple authors in the reference list.

  • Reference Examples: Periodical A periodical, such a magazine or newspaper, is referred to like below. The title of the article is listed after the year. The name of the periodical is next, followed by the volume number and pages. Chadee, D., & Ditton, J. (2005). Fear of crime and the media: Assessing the lack of relationship. [Electronic version]. Crime, Media, Culture: An International Journal,1, 322-332. The periodical name and volumenumber are in italicsPage #s, not initalics

  • Reference Examples: Internet/Print Periodical An internet/print periodical is listed in a reference list like any other periodical, however it also includes the retrieval date and web address (Note: example is of a periodical that is also printed; note volume # and page #s): City of Birmingham (n.d.).Birmingham city center master plan. Retrieved July 25, 2006, from http://www.informationbirmingham. com/planning/masterplanupdate.pdf

  • Reference Examples: Govt. / Private Organization Internet publications from organizations, government or private, will many times not display an author. The agency name is listed instead of the author.

    US Census (2000). Annual demographic survey. Retrieved on January