ACT 2014 Portland Oregon Outreach

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ACT 2014 Portland Oregon Outreach

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<ul><li> 1. A Realtor should never be instrumental in introducing into a neighborhood a character of property or occupancy, members of any race or nationality, or any individuals whose presence will clearly be detrimental to property values in that neighborhood. Portland Realty Board Code of Ethics, 1919, not repealed until 1953 </li></ul><p> 2. Vanport 3. Regional Equity Strategy Purpose is to operationalize Equity as one of Six Desired Outcomes for the region 4. Six Desired Outcomes Vibrant Communities Economic Prosperity Safe &amp; Reliable Transportation Leadership on Climate Change Clean Air &amp; Water Equity 5. Equity Inventory Report Findings Lack of strategic guidance supporting internal efforts Duplication of effort Inconsistency of approach Lack of capacity to advance equity as a regional outcome 6. Step 1 Goals Establish an evidence-based decision making process that ensures meaningful engagement from communities most impacted by disproportionate burdens. Co-create internal and external capacity to understand Metros role in advancing equity across the regions desired outcomes. Identify the institutional systems that stand in the way of equitable outcomes, as well as the institutional systems that provide opportunities to support equitable outcomes, including the tools needed to implement equitable practices throughout the agency. Define and implement Metros agency-specific equity strategy that is actionable and measurable. 7. Timeline oregonmetro.gov/equity 8. Regional Travel Options 2011-2013 Program Eval. $4.4 million biannual program ($2.1 million in grants) Needed a range of performance measures that were both flexible and deep Worked with SDG to create a new framework for measuring program outcomes and outputs Multiple Account Evaluation 9. Multiple Account Evaluation 10. Equity and health account Equity and Health Reduction in average household combined cost of housing and transportation Convert non-SOV trips into household transportation cost savings; in cases where the cost savings benefits are localized and housing costs are known, household cost savings could be converted into combined cost of housing and transportation. Improved reliability for environmental justice populations Evaluate reliability improvements for trips to work or recreational destinations for environmental justice populations including low income and minority populations. Measured by assessing the consistency in travel times in these populations, or through qualitative surveying. Health improvement opportunities Active transportation as a proxy for improved health. On a regional level, mode split may be used. For program level evaluation qualitative is more appropriate. Indicator and units Indicator description 11. bikeportland.org/tag/n-williams-avenue oregonmetro.gov/equity oregonmetro.gov/travel-options-research oregonmetro.gov/es/tools-living/getting-around communitycyclingcenter.org/index.php/community/new-columbia/ vimeo.com/51456405 For more information: Dan Kaempff daniel.kaempff@oregonmetro.gov 503.813.7559 12. 1 I want to start by telling you a story. This is a story about my home, Portland. How many of you have visited Portland? I think Im pretty lucky to have born, raised and spent most of my adult life in the Rose City. Its been fun to see it transform from a rather sleepy place back in the 60s and 70s into the vibrant, thriving metropolis it is today. 2 The Portland of my youth looked like this. This is Harbor Drive, part of US Route 99 through downtown, sitting right on the west bank of the Willamette River. This picture is from the early 1960s. You can see that Interstate 5 is under construction on the east bank. 3 This is a parking lot, one of many. Portland, like most US cities in the 1950s, was busily tearing down its older buildings to create more space for cars. This parking lot, though, was kind of special, because 4 To create this parking lot, we tore down this, the Portland Hotel. A magnificent structure that was less than 50 years old when it was demolished. This was pretty typical behavior in American cities in the post-war era, when the car was rapidly reforming the landscape and people were fleeing cities for the utopian promise of suburban living. 5 Fortunately, we put a stop to the insanity. Or, at least put the brakes on it. The 1980s began a transformation of the city into what it has become today. Theres no one person responsible for this transformation, but a good example of the leadership we had back in that day is Mayor Bud Clark. Portlanders chose a bike-riding tavern owner to lead their city, over a conservative business-oriented establishment candidate. You may not be familiar with Mayor Clark, but you probably do know him from this poster. Note his tie clip a light rail train. 6 And, Bud still rides his bike at age 82. This picture was taken last Friday. 7 So over time, the freeway along the river became this amazing park 8 And the parking lot on the sight of the former grand hotel became Portland's living room, Pioneer Courthouse Square. 9 Portland became a city that said, its OK to ride your bike, and use light rail. In fact, we want you to. 10 or the streetcar 13. 11 or the aerial tram 12 Portland has always attracted or created its share of hard-working, talented, creative, and slightly off-beat people, and that trend continues to this day. It is not the city where Young people come to retire as Fred and Carrie like to joke. 13 Its a place where people became millionaires, just by selling bacon encrusted maple bars. 14 Or a really, REALLY good cup of coffee. 15 Portlanders place a high value on our city being a unique place in the world, and, almost to a fault, we cultivate that image for all its worth. 16 So in addition to great restaurants, we have an equally amazing collection of food carts. 17 Were home to over 50 microbreweries. You can try a new one practically every week of the year! 18 And, were the best large city in America for bicycling (although weve been resting on our laurels) We love our bikes. We close down two interstate freeways one day a year to ride across our bridges 19 We hold rides for red-headed people 20 We race our bikes in the mud 21 We celebrate those who ride to work in the rain 22 And more 23 In fact, in an act of harmonic convergence, we have food carts that sell microbrews, using tap handles made from bicycle components! 24 This is Portland's version of a football team, one that actually plays the game with their feet. We cheer like mad for our soccer team, win or lose 25 And same goes for our basketball team 14. 26 We even love the 9 months of rainy weather we get each year! Theres no bad weather in Portland; just leaky jackets. 27 Its a pretty good life we have in my hometown, and I think most Portlanders feel pretty lucky to live where we do. 28 But what I really want to talk about with you today is the portion of the Rose Citys history that most people never hear about, never see for themselves, and are usually shocked when they do. 29 What Im talking about specifically is how for decades, minorities were denied access to housing in most of Portland's neighborhoods. And the neighborhoods where they were permitted to buy homes, were neglected, overrun with freeways and other development the residents never wanted and suffered as a result of, and ultimately gentrified. 30 As late as 1953, it was considered ethical for Realtors to not sell homes in certain neighborhoods to people based on their race. In fact, up until the 1920s, Oregons constitution prohibited African-Americans from even living in the state. By 1940, there were only about 1,800 African-Americans in Oregon. 31 World War II changed all of that. Like the San Francisco Bay Area, Portland was home to several Kaiser shipyards, constructing the ships needed for the war effort. The need for workers resulted in a rapid influx of new residents, which quickly overwhelmed Portland's available housing stock. The answer was Vanport, Oregon. This city sprung up overnight on the lowlands along the Columbia River between North Portland and Vancouver, WA, hence the name. During the wars peak period, Vanport was home to over 40,000 workers, about 40 percent of them African-American. It was the second largest city in Oregon. 32 After the war ended, Vanports population quickly dropped to less than half of what it had been. Yet, the city remained viable. Vanport College was created to educate returning soldiers under the GI Bill, and in time, became Portland State University, the largest university in Oregon. In essence, the continued existence of Vanport after the war had everything to do with the City of Portland not wanting its residents, and it was one of the few places around Portland where African-Americans had not been redlined. 15. 33 If youre not familiar with the term, Redlining basically meant designating certain parts of a city to be off-limits to people based on their race, or other factors. So the red areas on this map are the neighborhoods where African- Americans were permitted to live and own homes. If you were African- American, you could not get a loan to purchase a home outside these redlined areas. Note Vanport location. This is a 1938 map, so just prior to the creation of Vanport. 34 Vanport came to an end on Memorial Day, 1948 when a dike burst and floodwaters engulfed the city. It was a total loss, and instantly 18,500 people were homeless. 5,000 of them were African-American. 35 Portland was forced to deal with the issue of where to house these people who had lost everything and had nowhere to go. Just like the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, temporary trailers were put into service. 36 Obviously, a more permanent solution was needed. So most of the African- American residents of Vanport were forced into housing located in the Albina neighborhood, indicated here. 37 However, the city couldnt leave this neighborhood alone. The construction of Memorial Coliseum in 1960 came at the expense of 476 houses, along with a historic church and scores of African-American owned businesses. 38 When Interstate 5 was built through Portland in 1964, it plowed right through Albina, displacing yet another 300 households, and exposing the remaining residents to a major increase in air pollution. 39 And this thriving corner at the intersection of N Williams Avenue and Russell Street was demolished in the early 70s to make way for an expansion of a hospital. 19 acres, and 1,000 homes were lost. However, the expansion didnt occur for 40 years. 40 At one point, Williams Ave. was full of booming jazz clubs and home to a thriving black middle class. But growing up, this was my impression of it. Desolate, uninviting, crime-ridden. I only traveled it with my parents a handful of times, because, really, there was no reason anyone needed to go there in the 70s and 80s, unless it was where you lived. 16. 41 That all began to change in the 1990s. As people began discovering the Portland renaissance that I described earlier, they began flocking to the city, eager to be a part of it. The Portland regions population increased by 27% in the 90s, and by 15% in the 2000s, even considering the Great Recessions impacts. The desolate, neglected neighborhoods of N. Williams Ave. quickly changed from being forgotten and ignored, to one of Portland's hottest real estate markets. The former vacant lots soon became new housing developments, coffee shops and restaurants. And of course, bike lanes were installed on N. Williams. 42 In less than 20 years, the demographics of N. Williams were turned upside down. The African American population went from 70% down to 27% in less than a generation. Property values soared, raising the cost of buying or renting a home. The result was that many long time residents were priced out of their homes, and were forced to move, yet again. This time to East Portland, another part of the city that is struggling with the impacts of years of neglect. It was Gentrification 101 in action. 43 As more people moved into N. Williams, bicycle traffic exploded. In 10 years, daily bike trips went from 500 to 3,100. Competition for space between autos and transit was becoming a real problem. 44 So, the City of Portland set about to address this problem in a fairly standard manner conducting a project intended to improve operations and safety along a busy, multi-modal corridor. Same thing they had already been doing successfully in other parts of the city. 45 What happened next was a turning point for the City of Portland, and by extension, the entire region. What made this project different from all the others, was that the remaining African-American residents said, Enough. Over the decades, we have watched you, the City, demolish and destroy our neighborhood the neighborhood you forced us into. And, now that most of us have been forced to leave and our neighborhood looks very different than it did even 10 years ago, NOW you want to improve it!?!?! Why didnt you want to improve it earlier? Why wasnt having safe streets a priority in the 60s, 70s, or 80s? 46 To be fair to the City of Portland, their staff and contractors working on this project include many wonderful, completely well-intentioned people that I truly respect. But they never saw this coming. Decades of the bottled-up collective hurt and anger that come from being treated as a second-class citizen had finally exploded. All over a bike lane. 17. 47 I am happy to report that the City quickly grasped the enormity of the situation, and hit the reset button on their process. They added more community voices to their decision-making committees, and realized that the past was as important as the present and the future. 48 The final project agreed to by the committee and PBOT wasnt so radically different from what had been proposed all along. What was different was that the African-American community finally felt like they had had a voice in the process, and that their experience had been recognized and honored. 49 Portland is by no means the only metropolitan area that is dealing with the issues such as these. And, weve admittedly been slow to respond to these issues. The benefits of our transportation investments in particular, have not been distributed as equitably as they should be. The N. Williams story is a prime example of how were beginning to correct the errors of the past. But I wanted to share some other examples of the region is doing a better job of serving ALL of its citizenry. 50 N. Williams showed us that while we may have our hearts in the right place regarding equity, there is a significant knowledge gap in our collective understanding of how to address it in our decision-making processes, AND we dont fully possess the capacity and tools needed to put understanding into action. So in 2011, Metro began an effort to improve upon this shortcoming, and to take the step of Operation...</p>