14 06-16 iucn masterclass2

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<ul><li> 1. Rolf Hogan, Executive Secretary Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials Sourcing responsibly for natural capital using certification Leaders for Nature Master Class 16 June, Diergaarde Blijdorp. </li> <li> 2. Getting it right! </li> <li> 3. 1. The Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials 2. The RSB Standard 3. RSB and natural capital 4. Biofuel to biomaterials and the bio-based economy 5. How RSB certification works 6. Beyond verification - additional benefits of certification 7. Choosing a credible certification scheme? Overivew of presentation </li> <li> 4. Biofuels: the promise </li> <li> 5. Biofuels: the social and environmental impact </li> <li> 6. The Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials 2007 EPFL: WEF, UNCTAD, UNEP, Toyota, Shell, Petrobras, NWF, WWF </li> <li> 7. RSB stakeholders 120+ organizations from 30 countries including 30 NGOs </li> <li> 8. Governance </li> <li> 9. Chamber 1: Biomass producers (17) </li> <li> 10. Chamber 2: Biofuel producers (22) </li> <li> 11. Chamber 3: Biofuel blenders and users (10) </li> <li> 12. Chamber 3: Biofuel blenders and users AeroMexico Air China Air France Air New Zealand British Airways Cargolux Cathay Pacific Etihad Airways GOL JAL KLM Lufthansa Quantas SAS United Airlines Virgin Atlantic Virgin America </li> <li> 13. Chamber 4: Trade Unions &amp; NGOs (4) COVERCO </li> <li> 14. Chamber 5: Social NGOs (6) </li> <li> 15. Chamber 6: Environmental NGOs (17) </li> <li> 16. Chamber 7: Government and academia (25) </li> <li> 17. II. The RSB Standard </li> <li> 18. Principles &amp; Criteria Guidelines on ESIA and Stakeholder Engagement Principles Criteria Legality - Conform to national laws and international agreements Impact Assessment and Stakeholder Consultation - Impact assessment &amp; management plan - Free, Prior &amp; Informed Consent, gender sensitive, consensus-based - Business plan Use of Technology, Inputs, &amp; Management of Waste - Information on use of technologies available - GMOs minimize risk &amp; improve env / social performance - Storage, use &amp; disposal - Residues, wastes and byproducts </li> <li> 19. Principles &amp; Criteria Principles Criteria Greenhouse Gas Emissions - 50% reduction over fossil fuels (EU: 35%) - Meet additional national requirements Conservation [biodiversity] - Conservation values of local, regional or global importance maintained/enhanced - Ecosystem functions &amp; services maintained/enhanced. - Ecological corridors protected, restored or created to minimize fragmentation - Prevent invasive species in adjacent areas </li> <li> 20. Principles &amp; Criteria Principles Criteria Soil - Maintain / enhance soil physical, chemical, and biological conditions Water - Respect rights of local &amp; indigenous communities - Water management plan - Not deplete beyond replenishment capacities - Enhance / maintain water quality Air - Air management plan identify &amp; minimize pollution emissions - Avoid / eliminate open-air burning </li> <li> 21. Principles &amp; Criteria Principles Criteria Human &amp; Labor Rights - Freedom of association, the right to organize, and the right to collectively bargain - No slave labor - No child labor - Wages and working conditions respect laws and international conventions - Occupational safety and health follow internationally- recognized standards - Labor contracted through third parties </li> <li> 22. Principles &amp; Criteria Principles Criteria Rural &amp; Social Development - Socioeconomic status of local stakeholders improved - Special measures to benefit and encourage participation of women, youth, indigenous communities and the vulnerable Local Food Security - Assess and mitigate risks to food security - Enhance the local food security of directly affected stakeholders Land Rights - Informal and formal rights established - Free, Prior, and Informed Consent </li> <li> 23. III. RSB and Natural Capital </li> <li> 24. - Conservation values of local, regional or global importance maintained/enhanced - Ecosystem functions &amp; services maintained/enhanced. - Ecological corridors protected, restored or created to minimize fragmentation - Prevent invasive species in adjacent areas Conservation - biodiversity </li> <li> 25. Water Respect rights of local &amp; indigenous communities Water management plan Not deplete beyond replenishment capacities Enhance / maintain water quality Soil Maintain / enhance soil physical, chemical, and biological conditions Air Air management plan identify &amp; minimize pollution emissions Avoid / eliminate open-air burning Water, Soil, Air </li> <li> 26. Certification is an excellent tool but cannot address all sustainability issues Mostly limited to site-level issues Usually do not address cumulative impacts RSB has some landscape approaches for water and food security It also encourages participating operators to engage at landscape / national level to address sustainability Beyond the fence landscapes approaches </li> <li> 27. Bioscience and growing demand for food, feed, fiber and fuel is changing agriculture Bio-based alternatives to energy and materials more mainstream Plastics, pharmaceuticals, oil, lubricants, paints . . . Bio-refinery model producing several food, energy and material outputs IV. Biofuels to the Bio-based economy </li> <li> 28. Biomaterials RSB Certification applies worldwide and to all products derived from biomass, including: o Biofuels and bioenergy o Bio-chemicals o Bio-plastics &amp; Biopackaging o Fiber o Food additives o </li> <li> 29. V. How RSB Certification Works Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials (Governance, Standard development) Business Development Unit (marketing &amp; implementation) Accreditation Body Certification Body Certification Bodies Participating Operators </li> <li> 30. 1. Application 2. Public comment 3. Contract certification body 4. Screening / risk assessment / Green house gas calculator 5. Desk review 6. Field audit 7. Certificate issued 8. Ongoing audits The Certification process </li> <li> 31. Audit process for crop-based biofuels Required Compliance Feedstock Production Trade/ Transport Feedstock Processing Trade/ Transport Biofuel Production Trade/ Transport Biofuel Blending Trade Transport Final Consumer ENV/SOC GHG (LCA) CoC </li> <li> 32. Primary benefit 3rd party verification of sustainability Beyond verification Build capacity on a range of sustainability issues Effective mechanisms to manage and monitor performance on environmental and social Identify and mitigate risks Improve management systems Strengthen supply chains VI. Benefits of certification </li> <li> 33. Eastern Cape Provence Moving South Africa forward towards oilseed certification Presents a simplified structured approach to general business management including documentation of all the critical processes Empowers the farmer to be in touch with the operations of his/her business and continuously track performance Helps the farmer to continuously improve way of doing business which in itself creates sustainability Pilot project supported by NL Agency on 1000 hectares of maize and soybean. </li> <li> 34. RSB Smallholder Program Certification can help: Provide market access Enhance sustainable production and efficiencies Promote cooperation RSB Program: Field projects to support certification &amp; link to markets Engage business to source from smallholders and create incentives for certification (UN SE4All) </li> <li> 35. VII. Choosing a credible certification scheme </li> <li> 36. ISEAL Alliance </li> <li> 37. RSPO RTRSRSB Bonsucro ISCC NTA8080 2BSVs REDCert Red TractorGreenergy Abengoa Ensus SQC Source: Searching for Sustainability: Comparative Analysis of Certification Schemes for Biomass Used for the Production of Biofuels WWF Deutschland (2013), with support from the German Ministry for Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection </li> <li> 38. Means of verification: Certification scheme A: country has ratified ILO convention CO29 (1930) on forced labour (175 countries) or Certification scheme B: auditors conduct stakeholder surveys and staff interviews to figure out cases of forced labour Impact on Cost No forced labour on farms +ROBUSTNESS- </li> <li> 39. 1. ISEAL Alliance member 2. Multi-stakeholder approach 3. Strong NGO support 4. Mission-driven organization 5. Realistic view of sustainability niche What to look for </li> <li> 40. Getting it right! </li> <li> 41. Thank you! For More Information Rolf.hogan@rsb.org RSB Secretariat http://www.rsb.org </li> </ul>