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  • Sept .2010/BOG/NO

    IUCN-Holcim EVI.ppt

    1

    IUCN - Holcim partnership

    Ecosystem Valuation Case study

    Ripon Quarry in UK

    Nathalie Olsen (IUCN)

    Gerard Bos (Holcim)

  • Sept .2010/BOG/NO

    IUCN-Holcim EVI.ppt

    2

    Outline

    1. Relevance of Biodiversity to our sector

    2. Why Ecosystem Services Evaluation?

    Introduction to WBCSD tools ESR - Ecosystem Services review

    CEV Corporate Ecosystem Valuation

    3. Results of the Ripon case study (UK)

    Background

    Methodology

    Study

    Results

    4. What next at sector level?

    5. Questions and Answers

  • 1. Ecological balance is one of the three pillars of SD and

    without this, business cannot function

    2. All businesses depend and impact on ecosystems and

    their services either as part of their core operations or

    through their supply chain

    3. Ecosystem degradation can undermine the business

    license to operate by posing significant risks to

    companies, their suppliers, customers and investors

    4. Sustainable ecosystem management can create new

    business opportunities and markets

    Why are ecosystems and ecosystem

    services important to companies?

    3

  • Quiz What is this?

    4

    Water filtration plant

    www.zenon.com

    Source: Craig Hanson, WRI

  • Quiz What is this?

    5

    Storm protection system

    www.magazine.noaa.gov

    Source: Craig Hanson, WRI

  • Quiz What is this?

    6

    A playground

    Source: Craig Hanson, WRI

  • 7

    Holcim Group Support Limited 2010

    Ecosystem services an overview

    ProvisioningGoods or products produced by

    ecosystems

    RegulatingNatural processes regulated by

    ecosystems

    CulturalNon-material benefits obtained

    from ecosystems

    SupportingFunctions that maintain all other services

  • A few definitions

    Ecosystem

    services The benefits people obtain from

    ecosystems

    The goods and services of nature

    Biodiversity The variability among living organisms

    Within species & populations

    Between species

    Between ecosystems

    Ecosystem A dynamic complex of plant, animal,

    and micro-organism communities and

    the non-living environment interacting

    as a functional unit

    http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.livingunderworld.org/gallery/photos/anura/hylidae/agalychnis/callidryas/agalychnis_callidryas_rob_stegmann.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.livingunderworld.org/gallery/photos/anura/hylidae/agalychnis/callidryas/&h=654&w=600&sz=80&tbnid=9RrHGQZZ_KQJ:&tbnh=136&tbnw=124&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dred%2Beyed%2Btree%2Bfrog%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D&start=1&sa=X&oi=images&ct=image&cd=1http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.rssc.com/rss/ships/PAU/PAU%2520Destinations%2520DL/Coral%2520reef.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.rssc.com/download/detail.jsp%3Fcode%3DPAU&h=2521&w=3804&sz=1129&tbnid=UKRQXKenuu8J:&tbnh=99&tbnw=150&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dcoral%2Breef%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D&start=2&sa=X&oi=images&ct=image&cd=2

  • 9

    Businesses impact on ecosystems and

    ecosystem services

    Businesses rely and depend on

    ecosystems and ecosystem services

    Consequence of ecosystem change for

    business

    Ecosystem change creates

    business risks and

    opportunities

    http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://plantsci.sdstate.edu/woodardh/Geology/Eastern/Engineering_Enviromental_Issues/Assets/hydroelectric_dam.png&imgrefurl=http://plantsci.sdstate.edu/woodardh/Geology/Eastern/Engineering_Enviromental_Issues/hydroelectric_dam.htm&h=512&w=640&sz=1235&hl=en&start=6&tbnid=-qwue2w27uNVAM:&tbnh=110&tbnw=137&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dhydroelectric%2Bdam%26svnum%3D10%26hl%3Den%26rlz%3D1T4GFRD_enUS205US205

  • 10

    Holcim Group Support Limited 2010

    The Ecosystem Landscape

    Our sector has a visible impact on almost

    ALL ecosystems

    Quarrying and raw

    material preparation

    Clinker

    production

    Cement grinding and

    distribution

  • 11

    Biodiversity CMS MT mtg.ppt

    Holcim Group Support Ltd 2009

    Biodiversity Management to be considered throughout the

    complete lifecycle

    Biodiversity and

    Social Risk

    Assessment

    Permits

    Environmental

    & Social Impact

    Assessment

    Go / No-Go

    Decision

    Quarry / Site

    Lifecycle

    Rehabilitation

    & Biodiversity

    Management

    Plan

  • Steps in a

    corporate ecosystem services

    review

    Corporate Ecosystem Service Review

    Tool (ESR)

    12

    5. Develop

    strategies

    4. Identify

    business risks

    and

    opportunities

    3. Analyze

    trends in

    priority

    services

    2. Identify

    priority

    ecosystem

    services

    1. Determine

    scope

    World Resources Institute

  • Step 3:

    Evaluate trends

    13

    1. Trends in ecosystem services

    Supply and demand

    Quantity, quality and/or timing

    2. Direct drivers

    Land-use change

    Over-consumption

    Climate change

    Pollution

    Invasive, non-native species

    Other

    4. Activities of

    others

    Who

    How

    Where

    To what degree

    5. Indirect drivers

    Demographic

    Economic

    Governmental

    Technological

    Cultural and religious

    3. Company

    activities

    How

    Where

    To what degree

    World Resources Institute

  • Measuring, managing and mitigating ones ecosystem

    impacts and dependencies requires incorporating

    environmental externalities into core management

    decisions

    WBCSD tools that help do that include:

    The Global Water Tool

    The GHG Protocol

    Measuring Impact Framework and

    CEV.Corporate Ecosystem Valuatation

    Measure, manage and mitigate

    14

  • Valuing business risks and opportunities

    15

  • 16

    Direct values Outputs that can be

    consumed directly, such

    as fish, medicines, wild

    foods, recreation, etc.

    Option valuesThe premium placed on

    maintaining resources and

    landscapes for future possible

    direct and indirect uses, some of

    which may not be known now.

    Existence valuesThe intrinsic value of

    resources and land-scapes,

    irrespective of its use such

    as cultural, aesthetic,

    bequest significance, etc.

    Indirect values Ecological services,

    such as catchment

    protection, flood control,

    carbon sequestration,

    climatic control, aesthetics,

    etc.

    NON-USEUSE

    Value ecosystem services

  • 17

    Ecosystem valuation is ONLY a means to

    an end

    Placing monetary values on

    ecosystem services is not an end

    in itself

    The aim is to provide information

    to make better and more informed

    decisions:

    - Better meeting targets and goals

    - Avoiding costs and losses

    - Maintaining/Increasing revenues

    - Finding cost-effective means of

    complying with obligations and

    managing environmental footprints

  • Sept .2010/BOG/NO

    IUCN-Holcim EVI.ppt

    18

    Outline

    1. Relevance of Biodiversity to our sector

    2. Why Ecosystem Services Evaluation?

    Introduction to WBCSD tools ESR - Ecosystem Services review

    CEV Corporate Ecosystem Valuation

    3. Results of the Ripon case study (UK)

    Background

    Methodology

    Study

    Results

    4. What next at sector level?

    5. Questions and Answers

  • Sept .2010/BOG/NO

    IUCN-Holcim EVI.ppt

    19

    WBCSD Ecosystem Valuation Initiative

    Recognise and manage

    dependencies and

    impacts

    Guide provides step by

    step guidance: why

    Saving costs

    Assessing liability

    how to identify ecosystem

    impacts

    how to value

    dependencies/impacts

    how to incorporate results into

    business decisions

    www.wbcsd.org/web/evi.htm

    http://www.wbcsd.org/web/evi.htm

  • The 15 EVI road testers

    20

  • Ecosystem Valuation Initiative - Aggregate Industries UK Road Test

  • Sept .2010/BOG/NO

    IUCN-Holcim EVI.ppt

    22

    EVI Road Test - Background

    Legally required to restore after quarrying

    Business concern Access to minerals in sensitive areas

    Perceived costs of restoration and aftercare on extraction sites

    Public opinion and corporate reputation

    Valuation to assess benefits of quarry extension and restoration in North Yorkshire Wetland restoration

    Establishment of artificial lake

  • Sept .2010/BOG/NO

    IUCN-Holcim EVI.ppt

    23

    Objectives of study

    To investigate the value of restoration to wet meadows vs.

    reedbed and the distribution of benefits between stakeholders

    To quantify and value significant change in biodiversity and

    ecosystem services following mineral extraction on the site

    To be able to negotiate appropriate levels of restoration and

    level and duration of aftercare/management costs

    To value the contribution of the site to additional flood control

    in the landscape and region

    To understand the practice of ecosystem valuation in order to

    anticipate fut