کتاب چهارم دینکرد.pdf

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An article abouth the 4thbook of Dinkard

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  • The Fourth book of the dnkird The extant book iv of the Dnkird is in fact a rsum, made by durfarrbay, of the book vn-nmag.1 Epigraph: niyyin dn mazdesn juddv ohrmazdddestn.

    cahrum az gbinh vizd az veh-dn-hamg hufravard durfarrbay farroxzdn hudnn pby hamg dar az vn nmag vizin.

    Dk iv M 409-415 M 409 hd.

    k. bunt- xvad-iz mng, n cimg. do. doh naxvist andar ugn az (k ?) dahin /bun/ ast

    fradum vahman ; b- bun az ebgad vahn ast dahin cim. ud do ud abrg bavandag-nigerinh vnhed k andar d xr do () /ham-/rynin, d ry ped and bahr and bun nsth, c- bun nm abg nmcit az jud-kh (jud-vnagh ?) ud hambidgh mad. az do hambidg peszin- rst husz bd n yed ; ud pez kanrag tz-sgh brd. d ry dn n yed hn tz-sg do kust dred bahrn baxhed. c k ped kh stgn xvad abrn. dn az ham +cim ka-z garded ped xvadh yed. ham k n vinrhed cn tis az cim. ud do-iz k k xvad cim n, b doh az cim, ud n nimyed abar buntagh ud stgnh kh k. kh ud hambidgh donn n kh kh, b k k. abrg andar maragh ped ham n. ud do-nmh M410 g baved ka k abg k gbhed ; eny k k judg k nm.

    si. si bun nm az abzn , andar +ugn, k abar do ; aavahit

    dred andar amehrspendn gyg sidgar, ped fradum tarsaghh. c az furin frz, fradum dahin andar ddr tarsaghh baved sidgar. cn xvad ast ddr ohrmazd fradum, didgar vahman ast fradum dahin, sidgar tarsagh aavahit bavhist pedi vahman tarsaghh az ohrmazd, az ohrmazd bavndrh. ud ham handzag xvadyh peristingh ud bannagh peristagh, az bun dahin rn, stgn ped cihr, ud bannagn peristagh xm xvadyn handzin.

    cahr. /cahrum/ andar +ugn xvadyh nmhist

    ahrever aparzd ox vnag, bd yistan az pahlum rst-kirdr tarsaghh aavahit ast sidgar ped bavin az y didgar vahman ast fradum dm. ayxust zn driyun abg murzin sryin.

    u- ped * /hamnfh/ /abyuxt/ ox-kmagh ud dn abzng th, sn xrad ud gsrd xrad vahman ham-zahagg

    1 Le livre IV ne serait-il pas un rsum, une sorte de table des matires schmatique, mais tout de mme dtaille, dun ouvrage plus considrable ? J.-P. de Manasce, Une encyclopdie mazdenne, le Dnkart, Paris, 1958, 28-9.

  • zahag, ermn-xvyinh ud sk aavahit hamnfg, ud ped hamnfh hamxgh frz-franminh oxg xvadyh ud radg dn dmn ryndrh, ud ebgad nftrh, ud hamg-xvrh mehndrh. h-iz ravg-dnh yazdn andar ghn, ravg-xvadyh + hn ped kmag andar dmn, u-n ravg-xvadyh ravg-dnh ast M 411 rsth peymn. ud xvadyh mdayn ped xv nirg dn vbargnh, ud dn mdayn ped nirg xv rsth ; abzagh andar abzagn gbinn (abzag-gbinn ?) ud gumzagh andar gumzag gbinn harv do vnag hambidg kuing, pedrag hamstrn taggh ravg ; hamgnag ped gbin kunin vnag- ta mng abrzing sm huk ud hn xvd harv do vnag ped sardh ud hukh, u- snixr-vidzinh, cn pedrift sted. ghngn abzagh ud gumzagh-z druz pedi ham vnhed cn (ped razmh ?)

    /hm-spsh/ (hm-sphh ?), ud pez andar gumzagh, ud pez kefth vnag abg hambidgn kuin. dn-z dn ud xvadyh ham fryisth huxvadyh prz, ud dn rst vbar ud km yazdn andar ghn ravgh, ud parvastagh harv dngh andar dn mazdesn, drust-pettyinh - huxvadyh, ud hamnfh -n genn

    /ud ped/ hupnagh ud ravg-dahinh -n k did ry-iz dahyubedn dn vbar, dngn dahyubedh amvand dtan, mazdesn-varzh abar toxend dahyubedn dd vn, u-n vn dng.

    vitsp h ka az krezr abg arzsp pardaxt bd sarxvadyn abar pedriftan dn, frstag ud nibgh az vispghh psd, mazdesn dn, ped vas vnag abzr ud frahang ; ud bd /hamzegr/ frahd /-uzvn/ /muvmard/ abg frstd.

    /spitg/ ud arzrsp ud abrg M 412 az b xvanirah ped dn-pursinh fratar mad hend, spurr-ghh vis kird.

    dry dryn hamg abestg ud zand cn zardut az ohrmazd pedrift nibitag do peccn k ped ganz /asabgn/ k ped diz nibit dtan framd.

    val alknn abestg ud zand cn abzagh andar mad std hamg-iz azi harv c az vizend ud uftagrh aleksander, ud vr

    ud rb hrmyn andar rn ahr pargandagh ^ /c/ nibitag /ud/ c uzvn-abespring ped dastvar mnd std andar har cn frz mad std nigh dtan ahrh ydgr kirdan framd.

    y bay ardaxr hn h pbagn ped rst-dastvarh tsar hn-z hamg pargandag hamg dar xvst. tsar abar mad, hn k frz pedrift, ud abrg az dastvar hit. ud n-z framn dd k : frz amh harv nigzin an baved az dn mazdesn, c nn-z ghh ud dnin azi frd nst.

    buhr hn h ardaxrn nibgh-z az dn b abar bizekh ud stargbinh, ud cannin, ud zamn ud gyg, ud ghr ud jahin, ud bavin ud vinhin, ud jadag-vihirh, ud gbgh, ud abrg kirrgh ud abzr andar hindgn ud hrm abrg-iz zamgh pargandag bd abz ham vurd, ud abg abestg abz handxt,

  • harv hn drust peccn ganz /asabgn/ ddan M 413 framd, ud stndan hamg (S ) /erestn/ abar dn mazdesn uskr kird.

    buhr hn h ohrmazdn hamg kivargn ped pehikrin abvahnag kirdan hamg gbin uskr ud vizyin vurd. pas az bxtan durbd ped gbin pesxt abg hamg avn jud-sardagn ud vase-umurdn-z jud-ristagn, n-z guft k : nn ka-mn dn ped /st/ b dd kas-iz agdnh b n hilem, u- abar toxg toem. ud hamgnag kird.

    im bay husr hn h kavdn cn-i ahlemgh ud sstrh spurr-hamstrh vnd, ped pdgh az dn abar harv cahr pag ghh ud uskrin gugng vash b abzd. n-z ped * /dehn-hanzamanh/ (vehn-hanzamanh ?) guft k : rsth dn mazdesn b /dned/ uiyrn ped uskrin stgh tuvn ped

    /st/ ddan. ud abardar abzng ud /p-xrad/ bdan, mdayn n ped uskr b ped abzagh menin gbin ud kunin ud veh-mng-vzinh mnsrg-abzagh-zinh yazdn yed. u-mn ohrmazd-mubed hn xvand xvnem k mng-vninh andar amh pdghist. u-mn * /fran-vizrh/ mng-vninh gtg-handzag-nimyinh-z harv do vnag spurrg azin xvst xvhem. abg-iz hn zdh-kirdrh yazdn vspuhragnh abar rn ry rn ahr ped hamg az dn mazdesn frz raft M 414 pngn hangad-dngh * /hamzinh/ -z hm xvanirah, hn ghn ped juttarh pehikr nst. n vash abestg-vzg ped abzag-gbinh nibg peyrying az mdayn ydgrh ud

    /pdram-iz vzg/ andar gbin ghnin dt sted. pas-iz hamg [] /xng/ dngh dn mazdesn d-iz ry -mn nxt sted k ka hamg vrumand-uskrinh bgnag az dn mazdesn dehn d gyg rasend ped ng-and-dninh-ud-uskrinh bgnag az dn mazdesn ud dnin ayftan pdgndan, sd-ud-

    * /vaxt-krh/ gtgn vurdan n yend cand andar umurin rad- ped v-vizyinh ud v-uskrdan vaxt. abardum xvyinh framyem hmis /muvmardn/ vng rdar ud huxmdar ud veh ng ng a-sdagh abestg ud zand uskrdan, ud aybin azi dngh ghngn arzngh abzdan. avn k gtgn nxtan ddr ud abdh mngn, cnh dahin az ddr fradum ayftan n yistan, ayb hamg ayftan yistan, guft, ped kam dnin varang ; aven k pdgh az dn * /ast / pez hangdag ast nxtan yistan guft ped uskrgar ; ud hn k rn nimdan ped +dng +dngh dtan ud az hn cn harv dngh bun dn, ham ped nirg mngg ud ham ped /pdgndrh/ gtgg, hn kas M 415 dngh guft ka-z-i az kadm abestg pdgh /hmis/ n dt, g-iz ped pdgh az

  • dn hangrd k xvkrh ped hamg frz /dehn/ (yazdn ?)-zdagn burd.

    One : One is also the principle and similar to itself, and has no

    reason. Two: Two is duality, the first among the Intelligences, from the

    origin of the creation, is first Vohu Manah. But its origin is because of Onslaught which is the reason of its creation. If we carefully examine two and other (numbers) it will be seen that, as regards these two things, they have the same direction; for this reason it is not true that a number of origins (or, principles) should have the (same) number of parts; because the name of origin in particular implies non-unity and association (or, contrariness). (To expect) a harmonious and true composition from two associates (or, contraries) is not possible, and at the border they, with a sharp point, are cut (or, delimited). For this reason it is not possible that the (one) with a sharp point which has two sides be divided into parts. Because on which is steadfast in unity is itself indivisible. For the same reason even if it turns it comes (back) according to its essence. Likewise, the one is not established like a thing which is due to a reason. And the two is not one (by) one, (each one) being its proper reason, but the duality is due to a reason; and this shows the state of being principle, steadfastness and unity of the one. The unity and contrariness (/ association) of the two do not (mean) unity to unity but one to one. The other numbers are in the same manner. Then the name of two implies that one with one is said; if not each on separated has one name.

    Three: The original name of three comes from the addition of one

    to two, among the Intelligences. It is Aa Vahita which has the third place among the Ama Spta, and as respect2 it is the first creation. Because from the (spiritual) creation on the first creation among (the creations of) the creator is Respect, and it is the third; since the first is Ahura Mazd himself, the creator; the second is Vohu Manah, the first creation; and the third is the respectful Aa Vahita from which is generated the respectfulness of Vohu Manah towards Ahura Mazd, through the generation of Ahura Mazd. Similarly, the worthiness of worship of the kings and the subjects willingness to serve are truly by nature from the original creation on; and the subjects willingness to serve matches the character of the kings.

    Four: The fourth among the Intelligences, kingship, is named

    Xra Vairya; he is grosso modo ahu lord, and he could be generated through the best and righteous Respect, that is, Aa Vahita who is the third through generation by the second (in rank), Vohu Manah who is the first creation.

    2 . tarsaghh renders Av. ai- f.; but ahlyh (rendering Av. aa-) is more proper

    here.

  • Ay.xusta, (molten) metal, the arms (of kinship); the poor, with salvation and protection.3

    The desire of the lord4 is joined, by kingship, to the peace of the holy religion5 (as twin, such as:) the innate wisdom and acquired wisdom which are cognate (and) born of Vohumanah; the desire for Airyaman6 and Saok which are close