 33 countries  4 parts mexico central america caribbean islands south america

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The Geography of Latin America

The Geography & History of Latin AmericaThe Basics33 countries 4 partsMexico Central AmericaCaribbean IslandsSouth America

Physical FeaturesMountains throughout the regionAndes Mountains in South AmericaSierra Madre Occidental in MexicoVolcanoes on the Caribbean IslandsAmazon Rainforest in South AmericaLargest tropical rainforest in the worldAmazon River in South America 2nd longest in the worldLake Titicaca in South America Highest lake (in elevation) in the worldAtacama Desert in ChileDriest place on earthAngel Falls in South AmericaWorlds tallest waterfallClimate3 main types of climates in Latin Americalook at the climate maps on pages 58 and 74 to find themTropical climate in much of Central America, Caribbean Islands, and Amazon BasinCool highlands climate in western South America (Andes) & southern Mexico (Sierra Madre)Arid (dry) climate in northern Mexico and southern South AmericaCultural FeaturesLanguages:2 main languages spoken: Spanish & PortugueseWhere did Latin America get its name?Spanish & Portuguese come from the Latin language (which is now considered a dead language.)

Main religion practiced in Latin America?Look at p. 40 in your atlasRoman Catholic Christianity

Largest country in population AND land area? Brazil (4th largest in the world for both stats.)

Countries in Central America (list at least 1 on your notes sheet) look on p. 57Countries in Caribbean Islands (list at least 1 on your notes sheet) look on p. 57Countries in South America (list at least 1 on your notes sheet) look on p. 73Cultural FeaturesCountries in Central America (list at least 1 on your notes sheet) look on p. 57Panama, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Costa Rica

Countries in Caribbean Islands (list at least 1 on your notes sheet) look on p. 57Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba, Jamaica, St. Kitts & Nevis, Antigua & Barbuda, Dominica, St. Lucia, Barbados, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, Grenada, Trinidad & Tobago

Countries in South America (list at least 1 on your notes sheet) look on p. 73Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Guyana, Suriname

Other unique cultural features!

Latin American Country Activity: Due tomorrow

Find at least 5 interesting cultural facts about a Latin American country

Consider these parts of culture when finding your facts: food, music, religion, festivals/holidays, customs, recreational activities, art, government, education, currencies, history, gestures, family customs

You MUST use Culture Grams as one of your sources of information.Do NOT use Wikipedia

Go to www.culturegrams.comUsername: 5250pvjhPassword: mbaea9History3 civilizations that impacted history of Latin America:MayansAztecsIncas

Who were the first Europeans to conquer Latin America?Spanish & Portuguese

In what decade did the Spanish and Portuguese come to Latin America to establish colonies?1500s

HistoryWhat was the name of the man who led the Spanish in conquering the Aztecs?Hernan Cortes

2 reasons why the Europeans were successful in conquering the native Latin Americans:They had more advanced weapons.They brought over diseases that killed off large portions of natives.History5 changes Europeans made to Latin American culture:1. Religion from native religions to Roman Catholic

2. Replaced native languages with Spanish/Portuguese

3. Changed farming practices to use modern technology

4. The food they grew & ateExamples: Olives, wheat, carrots, bananas, broccoli, rice, and coffee

5. They introduced new animalsExamples: Horses, cats, cows, chickensHistoryAlmost every country is now independent of Spain & Portugal todayBUT, there is still a great deal of Spanish/Portuguese influence on the culture of Latin America.


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