what is the connection between anaerobic metabolism and dental plaque?

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What is the Connection between Anaerobic Metabolism and Dental Plaque?. By, Jill Johnston. Dental Plaque. Bacteria Polysaccharides form sticky colonies Plaque formation Anaerobic metabolism. CAUTION!. High Sugar Diets Carbohydrates : Sugars, Starches - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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What is the Connection between Anaerobic Metabolism and Dental Plaque?

What is the Connection between Anaerobic Metabolism and Dental Plaque?By, Jill JohnstonDental PlaqueBacteriaPolysaccharides form sticky coloniesPlaque formationAnaerobic metabolism

CAUTION!

High Sugar DietsCarbohydrates: Sugars, StarchesExamples: Candy, Fruit, Cake, Soft Drinks, Ice Cream

How it worksCarbohydrates (Sugars and Starches)Bacteria present in mouth utilize sugars ex: Sucrose Acids (waste products) ex: Lactate & Pyruvate

Over timeOvertime acid destroys tooth enamel, even dentinrapid bacterial growth in holes made Tooth Decay and/or GingivitisPlaque on tooth roots, under gum, can cause breakdown of bone and tooth support (Periodontal Disease) long term Causes Bacteria uses fructose to get energyLactic acid creates extra acidity to decrease the pH, which can dissolve the calcium phosphate in the tooth enamel leading to the start of a cavity.

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Sugar, Saliva, and Bacteria lead to tooth decay over time. TreatmentsFlossing BrushingNo Tobacco useGood DietFluoride Home testsYearly exams/cleanings (PIC.)Holistic treatments

Dangers

Gum Disease (Gingivitis)

Tooth Decay

Severe Gum Disease (Periodontal Disease) seems to be associated with: *Heart Disease *Diabetes * Dementia *Heart attacks *Premature birth *Rheumatoid Arthritis

ReferencesHua, X., Cook, G. S., Costerton, J. W., Bruce, G., Rose, T. M., Lamont, R. J. "Intergeneric Communication in Dental Plaque Biofilms." Journal of Bacteriology. 2000. Volume 182. p. 7067-7069.Lam P, Lavik G, Jensen MM, Vossenberg J, Schmid M, Woebken D, Dimitri G, Amann R, Jetten MSM, Kuypers MMM: Revising the nitrogen cycle in the Peruvian oxygen minimum zone.Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2009, 106(12):4752-4757Lepp PW, Brinig MM, Ouverney CC, Palm K, Armitage GC, Relman DA: Methanogenic Archaea and human periodontal disease.Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2004, 101(16):6176-6181Marsh, P.D. "Dental Plaque as a Microbial Biofilm." Caries Research. 2004. Volume 38. p.204-211 Marquis, M. E., "Oxygen metabolism, oxidative stress and acid-base physiology of dental plaque biofilms." Journal of Industrial Microbiology. Volume 15. p. 198-207Mohan SB, Cole JA: The Dissimilatory Reduction of Nitrate to Ammonia by Anaerobic Bacteria. In The Biology of the Nitrogen Cycle. 1st edition. Edited by Bothe H, Ferguson SJ, Newton WE. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2007.

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