vladimir propp's and tzvetan todorov narrative theroy

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Post on 19-Jan-2015



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  • 1. By Shivam Sharma 9H And Branahvan Rajasooriar 9S Tzvetan Todorov Vladimir Propp

2. Evidence of the five states of narrative throughout the film By Shivam Sharma 9H 3. What are the Five States of Narrative?

  • The five states of narrative is a general template for all traditional stories.
  • This idea was proposed by someone named Todorov and template for a story was:
    • A state of equilibrium (all is as it should be)
    • A disruption of that order by an event
    • A recognition of the disorder has occurred
    • An attempt to repair the damage of the disruption
    • A return or restoration of a new equilibrium

4. 1. A State of Equilibrium

  • This state of equilibrium becomes obvious after the prologue where Nemos mother and all his kin are eaten by a barracuda (this may be the reason why Marvin is so protective of his only son).
  • After the prologue you see Nemo trying to wake up his father and is very excited about his first day of school.
  • They are happily living inside an anemone and seem very happy making jokes are having fun

5. 2. A Disruption of that Order by an Event

  • The disorder is obliviously when Nemo is captured by a scuba diver.
  • You learn later on that he is to be a pet for the scuba divers niece-who is known to kill fish as she looks after them.
  • After Marlin-Nemos father-sees the butt (as referred to in the movie) start to leave he begins his frantic chase after his son.

6. 3. A Recognition of the Disorder has Occurred

  • The disorder is immediately recognised by Marlin as soon as he sees the boat leave with his son
  • As for the whole ocean, this disorder is heard of and passed around.
  • This encourages Marvin (and Dory) to look even harder for fish who heard about this event help point the pair in the right direction.

7. 4. An Attempt to Repair the Damage of the Disruption

  • The attempt is Marlin and Dory going on a wild fish chase to find Nemo
  • Along the way they face many challenges and make new friends.
  • In the end they find Nemo and they all come out as better people.
    • Dory having no short term memory loss.
    • Marlin learning to let his son go and repairing their damaged relationship.
    • Nemo become braver and standing up to his dad

8. 5. A Return or Restoration of a New Equilibrium

  • A new equilibrium becomes obvious when you see Nemos second day of school
  • He arrives and he is now accepted, no longer bullied due to his lucky fin and Marlin is making friends with the other parents.
  • Also at the end you see Dory- probably taking on the role of Nemo's stepmother- teaching the sharks that fish are friends not food.
  • This makes fish accept sharks as friendly beings and at the very end you see them actually in the school being taught by Dory. This shows a radical change representing a new equilibrium.

9. Evidence of Propps theorys throughout the film By Branahvan Rajasooriar 9S 10. Propps Theory

  • Propps theory outlines all the characters in a traditional story. I will see how this applies to a modern day movie-Shrek
  • His theory:
    • Hero
    • Villain
    • Heroine
    • Father
    • Helper
    • Donor
    • Mentor

Side Note: Within Shrek some characters may fill two roles and the donor and mentor or not present throughout this film. 11. The Hero

  • This is without doubt Shrek.
  • He seems ugly on the outside but has a heart of gold on the inside.
  • Our hero, Shrek, has to go and rescue the beautiful princess Fiona to regain the solitude of his swamp.
  • With his quest in mind he sets out to save the princess-a classic fairy tale, but with a twist. Shrek is an ogre!

12. The Villain

  • This is evidently Lord Farquardd.
  • This evil lord is the ruler of Duloc and has ruined Shreks solitude by dumping all the fairy tale creatures in Shreks swamp.
  • When Shrek comes to complain Farquardd chooses him as his champion and strikes a deal.
  • Shrek must save the beautiful princess Fiona, wishing to marry her and become king.
  • Although this is the deal struck Farquardd may have more sinister plans in mind.

13. The Heroine

  • The Heroine within this film is Fiona.
  • She is portrayed as a classic fairytale princess-locked in a tower, guarded by a dragon and must wait for her Prince Charming to come and save her.
  • Although this is true Fiona harbours a dark secret that surfaces at sundown-she turns into an ogre!

14. The Father

  • The father is a bit complicated.
  • Within this film it is actually Farquardd.
  • The terms of the deal struck between Shrek and Farquardd are , if Shrek manages to get Fiona Farquardd will clear Shreks swamp of fairy tale creatures.
  • This shows how Farquardd is offering a prize for completion of a quest, so therefore his is the father; within Shrek.

15. The Helper

  • The helper is probably the most well known character-iiitttttts Don-key!
  • Within the film donkey provides help to Shrek and aids him upon his quest, acting like a sidekick.

16. By Shivam Sharma 9H And Branahvan Rajasooriar 9S


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