Tonsko snimanje - priručnik

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INFORMACIJSKETEHNOLOGIJE

PRIRUNIK ZA TONSKE SNIMATELJE, ZAGREB 2009.

INFORMACIJSKE

TEHNOLOGIJE

SADRAJOsnove elektrotehnike..........................................................................................................................5 Kondenzatori...................................................................................................................................5 Otpornici..........................................................................................................................................5 Diode................................................................................................................................................6 Triode, tetrode i pentode.................................................................................................................6 Tranzistori .......................................................................................................................................6 Bipolarni tranzistori....................................................................................................................7 Unipolarni tranzistori.................................................................................................................8 Integrirani krugovi..........................................................................................................................8 SSI...............................................................................................................................................8 MSI..............................................................................................................................................9 LSI...............................................................................................................................................9 VLSI............................................................................................................................................9 Informacijska tehnologija...................................................................................................................10 Prva mikroraunala........................................................................................................................10 Digitalizirani zvuk..........................................................................................................................10 Gramofon..................................................................................................................................10 Magnetofon...............................................................................................................................10 Elektrini gramofon...................................................................................................................11 CD..............................................................................................................................................11 Analogno vs digitalno................................................................................................................11 Digitalno snimanje.....................................................................................................................11 Oprema u studiju................................................................................................................................12 Mikrofoni.......................................................................................................................................12 Dinamiki MC............................................................................................................................12 Dinamiki ribbon.......................................................................................................................12 Kondenzatorski..........................................................................................................................13 Kabeli i konektori...........................................................................................................................13 Balansirani i nebalansirani kabeli.............................................................................................13 RCA konektor............................................................................................................................13 TS i TRS konektor......................................................................................................................14 XLR konektor............................................................................................................................14 Banana konektor.......................................................................................................................15 Digitalni konektori....................................................................................................................15 Mikrofonska pretpojaala..............................................................................................................15 Mikseri............................................................................................................................................15 Multifiltri (EQ)...............................................................................................................................16 Dinamiki procesori.......................................................................................................................16 Compressor................................................................................................................................17 Limiter.......................................................................................................................................17 Gate...........................................................................................................................................18 Expander...................................................................................................................................18 Reverberacija.................................................................................................................................18 Fizika emulacija reverberacije.................................................................................................18 Digitalna reverberacija..............................................................................................................18 Konverteri......................................................................................................................................18 Pojaala snage i zvunici................................................................................................................19 Pasivni.......................................................................................................................................19 Aktivni.......................................................................................................................................19 3

SADRAJ Slualice..........................................................................................................................................19 Digitalno snimanje i produkcija.........................................................................................................20 Razlike izmeu digitalnog i analognog procesa i procedura.........................................................20 Kvantizacijska distorzija...........................................................................................................20 um............................................................................................................................................21 Software..........................................................................................................................................21 Audio editor...............................................................................................................................21 Sequencer..................................................................................................................................21 Plug-ins......................................................................................................................................21 Hardverska pomagala...............................................................................................................22 Temeljni procesi tonskog snimanja....................................................................................................23 Snimanje........................................................................................................................................23 Miksanje........................................................................................................................................23 Mastering.......................................................................................................................................23 Optimizacija Windows XP za rad s audiom.......................................................................................24 Sreivanje sustava stvari koje treba napraviti nakon instalacije Windowsa.............................24 Performance..............................................................................................................................24 Virtual Memory.........................................................................................................................25 Power Options...........................................................................................................................25 DMA (Direct Memory Access)..................................................................................................25 Virusi, Firewall i druge prie.....................................................................................................27 Display