the harappan civilization 3300 bce - 2400 bce citadel of mohenjo-daro grid layout

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  • Slide 1
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  • The Harappan Civilization 3300 BCE - 2400 BCE
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  • Citadel of Mohenjo-Daro Grid layout
  • Slide 4
  • Aerial View of Mohenjo-Daro
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  • Wide View, Mohenjo-Daro
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  • Main Street, Mohenjo-Daro
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  • pottery, Mohenjo-Daro
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  • Bison Seal, Mohenjo-Daro
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  • Necklace, Mohenjo-Daro
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  • Public Well, Harappa
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  • Unicorn Seal, Harappa
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  • Burial Pottery, Harappa
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  • Harappan Writing Undecipherable to date.
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  • Aryan Migration pastoral depended on their cattle. warriors horse-drawn chariots.
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  • Sanskrit writing
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  • The Vedas 1200 BCE-600 BCE. written in SANSKRIT. Hinduism roots in Vedas Caste system Dharma Rig Veda oldest work
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  • Varna (Social Hierarchy) Shudras Vaishyas Kshatriyas Brahmins Pariahs -- Untouchables
  • Slide 19
  • Hinduism Many deities Brahma-creator Vishnu-preserver Siva-destroyer Upanishads Self denialfasting Yogadiscipline Reincarnation Karma Ahimsa
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  • History of Religion http://www.mapsofwar.com/ind/history-of- religion.html
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  • Religions of South Asia
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  • Buddhism in the Subcontinent
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  • The essence of Buddhism The middle way of wisdom and compassion. 2,500 year old tradition. Buddha, the teacher. Dharma, the teachings.
  • Slide 25
  • Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE) Born in NE India (Nepal). Raised in great luxury to be a king. At 29 he rejected his luxurious life to seek enlightenment and the source of suffering. Lived a strict, ascetic life for 6 years. Rejecting this extreme, sat in meditation, and found nirvana. Became The Enlightened One, at 35.
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  • What is the fundamental cause of all suffering? Desire! Therefore, extinguish the self, dont obsess about oneself.
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  • Four Noble Truths 1. There is suffering in the world. To live is to suffer. 2. The cause of suffering is self- centered desire and attachments. 3. The solution is to eliminate desire and attachments 4. To reach nirvana, one must follow the Eightfold Path
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  • Eightfold Path Nirvana The union with the ultimate spiritual reality.. Escape from the cycle of rebirth.
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  • Spread of Buddhism Missionaries and traders helped to spread the religion
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  • Buddha 19c Thailand Buddhas head 2c Pakistan
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  • Zen Buddhism Seeks sudden enlightenment through meditation, arriving at emptiness Beauty, art, and aesthetics: Gardens. Archery. Tea ceremony. Calligraphy.
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  • Chinas History
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  • Huang He River Shang Dynasty 1700-1027 BCE
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  • Oracle Bones
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  • Zhou 1028-771 BCE
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  • Mandate of Heaven The Zhou justified taking over from the Shang by saying that they had lost divine approval to rule
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  • Zhou Dynasty 1029-258 BCE Leaders/Traits Walled cities Trade routes between cities Mandate of Heaven Feudalism Philosophy Daoism Laozi 500s BCE Confucianism Analects Chaotic government as Zhou was in decline 522 BCE
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  • Confucianism Based on five relationships Ruler/subject Husband/wife Father/son Older brother/younger brother Friend/friend Not a religion Women were subservient to men Wanted to reform society by showing rulers how to govern wisely Laid groundwork for creation of a bureaucracy [a trained civil service who runs the government] Examination system
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  • Qin Dynasty 221-206 BCE Shi Huangdi-First Emperor RuthlessTotalitarian Legalism adopted Territorial Expansion begins 214 BCE Book burning-213 BCE Standardized weights and measures Single money system Uniform writing system Postal system Great Wall Bankrupted China Pottery Army-210 BCE Forced labor First time China united as one empire Agricultural Trade/merchants
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  • Great Wall
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  • Terra Cotta Army
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