the diary of anne frank

The Diary of Anne Frank Background Information November 1918 to 1945

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Page 1: The Diary Of Anne Frank

The Diary of Anne Frank

Background Information

November 1918 to 1945

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November 1918

• Allies: Britain, Italy, France and the United States ---- Defeated Germany, in ending World War I

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Treaty of Versailles• The Interior of the Palace des

Glaces during the signing of

Peace Terms • Germany accepted the Treaty

of Versailles• Germany’s postwar

government, the democratic Weimar Republic, faced the anger of many Germanys, who were struggling financially and hated to see Germany weakened.

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National Socialist German Worker’s Party (Nazi Party)

• First rally in Munich• Promoted extreme

Nationalism• Promised to make

Germany a socialist state• Restored German power • Helped citizens financially• Appealed to German


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• Stock Market crashed on Wall Street

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January 30, 1933

• Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany (the head of the government in Germany) by Paul Van Hindenburg

• He ended the Republic

• Set up a totalitarian regime. (a form of government that theoretically permits no individual freedom and seeks to subordinate all aspects of the individual's life to the authority of the government)

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February 1933

• Freedom of speech and assembly was suspended by the Nazi government.

• The Reichstag building went up in flames• The Burning of the Books in Nazi Germany, 1933:• Museum of tolerance

• Nazi anti-Semitic legislation and propaganda against "Non-Aryans" was a thinly disguised attack against anyone who had Jewish parents or grandparents. Jews

felt increasingly isolated from the rest of German society.

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March-April 1933

• The Gestapo, or Secret Police, was suspended by the Nazi government

• The Nazi’s declared a boycott of Jewish businesses, medical, and legal practices.

• Law passed to exclude Non-Aryans.– Removes Jews from government and

teaching positions

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Summer of 1933

• The Frank’s decided to move to the Netherlands because of increasing tensions in Germany

• "In the Netherlands, after those experiences in Germany, it was as if our life was restored to us. Our children went to school and at least in the beginning our lives proceeded normally... In those days it was possible for us to start over and to feel free."

• Otto Frank

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Important events in 1938

• Germany annexed Austria• Germany occupied Czechoslovakia

• - Adolf Hitler creates the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (High Command of the Armed Forces), giving him direct control of the German military, and sacks political and military leaders considered unsympathetic to his philosophy or policies

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March 1936

• Germans move in the Rhineland

• German’s violate the Treaty of Versailles

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• In 1934 the economy was still not balanced enough for Germany to work on its own. In 1935 Germany ran out of money completely primarily due to the reparations it was still paying to the victor countries.

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Anne Frank

• June 12, 1942, Anne receives her diary on her 13th birthday

• July 5, 1942 Margo receives a call-up notice to report for deportation to a labor camp

• July 6, 1942, the Frank family move to the Secret Annex

• The Story of Anne Frank 1929-1945

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The Franks go into hiding

• Anne Frank’s Family

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Nazi Party

• Hitler and the Nazis based their program on extreme nationalism and racism.

• Blamed Jews and other groups for Germany’s problems

• Believed non-Jewish Germans,- called “Aryans” could form a master race in a united Germany

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Dresden/Hamburg• The View from Below: In the war's closing weeks, allied bombers launched

an assault on Dresden, then crammed with refugees fleeing the Soviet army. The resulting firestorm devastated the city. No one has figured how many Germans perished in the attack, but estimates vary from 30,000 to 80,000. This is the view of Dresden from the viewpoint of the B-17 bombers. City of Dresden in renovation and Hamburg.