"the diary of anne frank" unit
"I want to be useful or give pleasure to people around me who yet don't really know me. I want to go on
living even after my death!"
The Diary of Anne
After World War One, Germany plunges into economic crisis and Hitler comes to power. The Jews are persecuted in Germany and the Franks decide to leave Germany for Holland.
"Because we are full blooded Jews, my father emigrated to Holland in 1933.He became managing director of the Dutch Opecta Company, which manufactures products used in making jam"
The Germans occupied Holland after the war began in 1939. All Jews were rounded up and sent to concentration camps . The Franks had a close friend in Amsterdam who manufactured jam and had a large house in the center of the city. (The house is highlighted in blue above)
Like all Dutch houses in the center of Amsterdam, the house is in terraces and very high. No one from the outside knows how far back it extends.
The Franks lived above the warehouse and at the rear of the house. As the jam factory kept working they had to be silent during the day, not able to flush the toilet for fear of arousing suspicion below.
Behind a bookcase is a secret staircase and several rooms for the Frank family (all 8 of them) to hide in above the jam factory warehouse.
"We have to whisper and tread lightly during the day,
otherwise the people in the warehouse might hear us"
The family relies on scraps
of food from friends and
some days have nothing
to eat. Anne wishes to go
outside and smell fresh air
but that is impossible as
the German army are
rounding up Jews and
sending them to
concentration camps to work
or be gassed to death.
•Always cautious•Crowded •All ways the risk of being caught•No bathtubs•She lost her childhood and had to grow up very quickly•Food was scarce•Constant argument •Little or no activity •Dependent on outsiders for survival
Despite all these circumstances, the people living in the annex still tried to lead “normal” lives
“You can be lonely even when you’re loved by many people”
“…we live in a paradise compared to the
Jews who aren’t in hiding.”“The most you can do is pray for
God to perform a miracle and save
at least some of them”
After years in hiding, the family were betrayed. No one knows who or why but all 8 members of the Frank family and the people owning the jam factory were arrested and sent to concentration camps. Anne’s family was transported to Auschwitz Concentration camp for sorting.
Anne's diary was left in the house and there is no record of what happened to her apart from German records from the concentration camps.
Anna Frank dies of typhus and deprivation in March 1945 in Bergen-Belsen a few days after her sister Margot.
Bergen-Belsen is liberated by the British Army on April 15, 1945.
“One day this terrible war will be over. The time will come when we will be people again and not just Jews!”
Anne Frank's diary is the voice of the Holocaust-the voice that speaks for the millions Hitler silenced. Anne Frank's diary is the legacy of young girl denied her adulthood by Hitler's killing machine, and stands for the many women and men, young and old, whose lives Hitler's final solution snatched.
The story of her life is a tragedy, but the enduring message is one of hope and tolerance that will never die. The diary reveals Anne's dreams, irritations, hardship, and passions . . . a testament to an indestructible nobility of spirit in the face of pure evil."
Take out a sheet of paper and head it appropriately.
Title it “Holocaust KWL Chart & Notes.”
DRAW A KWL CHART.
Under the “K,” write 3 things you know about the
Under the “W,” write 3 things you want to know
about the Holocaust.
Anne Frank was born on June 12th 1929 in Germany & later moved to Amsterdam with her family
She received a diary for her 13th birthday
Anne and her family went into hiding for almost two years until they were arrested by the Nazis
Anne died in the Bergen-Belsen camp in March, 1945
Her diary survived and was later published by her father.
Anne's Diary begins in 1942. Anne is 13 years old-3 weeks before she goes into hiding.
Germany, WWII (1938-1945) Hitler ruled Germany
Allied powers (U.S., U.K., France, and Soviet Union) vs. Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, Japan)
deliberate attempt, under
Hitler's rule, to exterminate
all Jews in Europe...
Killed over 6 million Jews.
Hitler wanted to rid
Germany of everyone not of
the Aryan race (blond hair,
SS = Hitler's
personal elite body
guards, did most of
killings ordered by
Gestapo = Branch of
Star of David:
symbol of Jewish
Nazi = Anti-Jew
Swastika = Nazi
This is the term given to
political, social and economic
agitation against Jews. In
simple terms it means ‘Hatred
This was the name of what Hitler
believed was the perfect race.
These were people with full
German blood, blonde hair and
16 of the 44 children taken from a
French children’s home.
They were sent to a concentration
camp and later to Auschwitz.
ONLY 1 SURVIVED
A group of
children at a
camp in Poland.
Between 1939 and 1945 six
million Jews were murdered,
along with hundreds of thousands
of others, such as Gypsies,
Jehovah’s Witnesses, disabled
and the mentally ill.
Part of a stockpile of Zyklon-B poison gas
pellets found at Majdanek death camp.
Smoke rises as the
bodies are burnt.
Soviet POWs at forced labor in 1943 exhuming bodies in the ravine at Babi Yar, where
the Nazis had murdered over 33,000 Jews in September of 1941.
In 1943, when the number of murdered Jews exceeded 1 million. Nazis ordered the
bodies of those buried to be dug up and burned to destroy all traces.
In 1938, the situation took a more serious turn for the worst. Called the Night of
Broken Glass, the Nazis start to use violence against the Jews
Jewish shops, churches and other buildings
were openly attacked. People became
subjected to violence
It would lead to the start of more
From 1939 onwards, Jews were rounded up. They were forced to
move out of their homes. To start off with they were sent to areas in
cities designed only for them. These were ghettos
Jewish people had:
•Their property confiscated
•They were forced to move to new
•They had their citizenship taken
By 1941, the Jews were to be moved to concentration camps
They usually arrived by railway. Camps like
Auschwitz and Dachau were more than just
concentration campsJews from all over Europe were forced to work
here… then from 1941 - 42 onwards...
Holocaust… around 6 million Jews lost their lives in these
… these camps can still be found. Mostly in countries like Poland, they are a grim
reminder of what racism can lead to...
Themes: freedom, persecution
“I long to ride a bike, dance, whistle, look at the world, feel young and know that I’m free…Just imagine what would happen if all eight of us were to feel sorry for ourselves or walk around with the discontent clearly visible on our faces.” Anne Frank (December 24,
Discuss Context: Nazi persecution has forced Anne into hiding
with seven other people in the Secret Annex
How does Anne feel? Imagine being cooped up in this room at length
Imagine sharing it with an adult.
How would you feel?
Definition: Having to keep under control
one’s feelings. Holding back because of
fear. Not being yourself.
How would you feel in Anne’s position?
How would you feel if you had to pretend
every minute of every day? How long can
you do that for?
“I need my mother to set a good example and be a person I can respect, but in most matters she’s an example of what not to do.”
Anne Frank (January 6, 1944)
Anne felt her mother did not
Who do you think Anne
prefer to confide in?
Transition period between puberty and
Anne had to grow up in a restrictive
She was deprived of contact with her
Vented her anger and frustration on her
“I want to be useful or bring enjoyment to all people, even those I’ve never met. I want to go on living even after my death!”
Anne Frank (April 5, 1944)
Anne feels like there are two Anne’s
within her – the ‘mean’ Anne and the
Why do you think Anne faces an
How did Anne find her identity?
Awareness of one’s self as a separate
Her diary entries reflect Anne’s quest for
a sense of identity
Anne matures into a confident young
woman with a strong identity of her own
“I don't think of all the misery, but of
the beauty that still remains.”
“Whoever is happy will make
others happy.”“People can tell you to keep
mouth shut, but that doesn't stop
you from having your
“Memories mean more to me
“I still believe, in spite of everything, that people are truly good at heart.”
Anne Frank (July 15, 1944)
This was one of the final
significant entries in Anne’s
Despite all her suffering, Anne
maintained hope and optimism
and chose to believe in the good
How does this excerpt reflect on
Anne as a person?
To look on the favorable side of
Do you share Anne’s optimism?
Explain your views
If you could interview survivors of the
Holocaust who knew Anne Frank, what would
you ask them? Jot down some of your
1. Anne Frank
2. Margot Frank:
her older sister
3. Mr. Frank: their
4. Mrs. Frank: their
5. Miep: worker in
6. Peter Van Daan
7. Mr. Van Daan: his
8. Mrs. Van Daan: his
9. Mr. Dussel: a
10. Mr. Kraler:
worker in Mr. Frank’s
Conflict External Conflict: A character struggles against
another person or outside force Based on the difficult situation in which
they are living
Anne and her mother, Edith, struggle with
Anne’s growing up and wanting to be
treated older than her mother treats her
Conflict Internal Conflict: A struggle within a person or
Anne puts up a hard exterior as a defense
She is afraid people won’t respect her if
they see the real Anne
She writes her true feelings in her diary
Anne begins to realize hiding is more difficult than she originally thought
She is in constant fear during
the night, jumping at every
sound, afraid the Nazi’s are
coming for her
Anne’s personality clashes with the others in hiding, especially with her mother and Peter
The tension with all
inhabitants is escalating,
causing various problems
throughout the story
Read and Answer the following:
1. Pretend you had one hour to prepare to go into
hiding. You can NEVER return to your home. You
cannot carry a suitcase; it would be obvious you
were going into hiding. It is winter; therefore, it is
VERY cold outside and there is limited food
where you are going. What items would you take
with you? How would you disguise these items
and how would you carry them?
Listed below is a partial list of the items that were
owned by the people in the annex: Playing cards
Briefcase (Mr. Van Daan)
Mystery Novel (Mrs. Frank)
Antique silver music box (Mr. Frank)
Fountain Pen (Mr. Frank)
• Crate of Strawberries
• Cat in a basket (Peter)
• Latin Book (Margot)
• Wooden Menorah (Mr. Van Daan)
• Silverware (Anne)
• Sack of Potatoes (Mr. Dussel)
1. Choose three items from the list and explain why you think they had value
to an individual who was hiding from the Nazis. Explain why you believe
these items had meaning and value.
2. Create your own list of five tangible things (things you can see and touch)
that you would carry with you if you ever had to be hidden. How do these
items reflect who you are as a person? Are these things of great or little
monetary ($) value?
After seeing pictures of concentration camps and
learning a little about the Holocaust and Anne
Frank, I feel…
3. Sounds from outside the Secret Annex play an
important part. Some remind us of ordinary life in
the city. Others punctuate the scene with reminders
of the danger outside. List four of the sounds heard
so far. Which sounds are pleasant? Which are
4. List the conflicts that have developed among the
characters. Why are these conflicts dangerous for
the people in the Secret Annex? What other conflicts
do you predict might arise?
If you had to live in hiding and could not
make a sound from 9am-6pm every day,
except Sunday, and had no electronic
toys to entertain yourself, what would
Write 4 things you would do to occupy
Bellwork: Friday, 12/6/13