student centered vs. teacher centered
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DESCRIPTIONStudent Centered vs. Teacher Centered. How are they similar? How are they different?. By: Erin McGregor. Benefiting the Students. Studies have shown that students put-forth greater effort when working in groups that are student centered, rather than teacher centered. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Student Centered vs. Teacher CenteredHow are they similar?How are they different?By: Erin McGregor
Benefiting the StudentsStudies have shown that students put-forth greater effort when working in groups that are student centered, rather than teacher centered. Studies have shown that student centered groups scored on the average higher, than the teacher centered groups.Students will be able to learn new ways to solve the problem from their peers.Students will aid other students through processes and strategies.Students will feel more comfortable, take chances, and express themselves more freely in groups.Gives the students ownership of their ideas and justify answers to their group members. Students create their own understanding of a concept.
Kevin LoPresto - What studies? need to cite them.
Focuses on procedure
Ex. 4 + 5 = 9Abstract is shown, and process is memorized.
Student CenteredThe focus in on the childs thinkingEx. Manipulatives are given to the students to aid in solving the problem.Concrete, abstract, and pictorial.Ex. Using blocks if needed.
The teacher is the instructor and the decision maker
Ex. -Right and WrongStudent Centered
The teacher is the facilitator and guide, and the students are the decision makers
Ex. -Student created -Choices!
Pedagogy Based on Standards-Curriculum centered
Pedagogy - Based on Constructivism prior knowledge
Kevin LoPresto - the content that is taught is based on state, district standards. How they are taught is what differentiates thems.
Relies more on the textbook and lecture
Ex. Go to page 24 and do the problems.
Highlights real life examplesUse problems that tie into the students lives that they can relate to and find interesting.
Ex. Children that live in Japan will find the area of a rice field vs. the area of a parking lot. .
Rote knowledgeStudent Centered
Experiential knowledgeFor example: Using manipulatives and other problem solving methods and experimental ways of solving problems. The implementation of the students prior knowledge.
Ex. Please solve the problem however you would like.Learning a procedure without truly understanding the material. For example memorizing the steps of right to left subtraction without knowing the meaning of place value.
Ex. You add the ones place first because I said so.
Teacher CenteredIsolated teaching and learning
Passive LearningEx. Students who know answers raise their hands, other are easily overlooked.
Active LearningEx. Children learn to take risks.
Learning takes place in the classroom
Ex. I had $5,000,000 and lost $1,203,200 of it. How much do I have left?
Student CenteredLearning extends beyond the classroom-Students are able to relate problems and strategies to their lives.Ex. Use fake money within the classroom which earns them rewards saving money = greater reward.
The objective is to teach the child to understand the concept!
The teacher corrects the child when he or she is incorrect.
The teacher is present to overlook the childs work, and help guide the child in the right direction.
ReferencesMarino, Jay. Quality in Education. 2006. Retrieved on February 1, 2007 from http://www4.asq.org/blogs/edu/2006/06/student_centered_vs_teacher_ce.htmlPearson Education. Inc. Teacher Vision. 2000-2007. Retrieved on February 1, 2007 from http://www.teachervision.fen.com/teaching-methods/curriculum-planning/4786.htmlVan De Walle, John A. Pearson Education. Inc. Elementary and Middle School Mathematics: Teaching Developmentally. 2007. Chapter 3, Pages 22-34.