st. basil's cathedral

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  1. 1. 6/30/15, 10:41 PMSchani Daniel Page 1 of 8 Print Schani Daniel Where and when was this church built?
  2. 2. 6/30/15, 10:41 PMSchani Daniel Page 2 of 8 Geographic coordinates Red Square, Moscow, Russia, 109012 St. Basil's Cathedral, Address 55459N373723E It was built from 155561 on orders from Ivan the Terrible to (16th century) commemorate the capture of the Tatar stronghold of Kazan in 1552, which occured on the Feast of the Intercession of the Virgin. The site of the church had been, historically, a busy marketplace between the St. Frol's (later Saviour's) Gate of the Moscow Kremlin and the outlying posad. The centre of the marketplace was marked by the Trinity Church. It is centrally located The cathedral was built in the geographical centre of Moscow City the city developed around this location since 14th century. Cathedral is located close to the Kremlin, but outside it. What is a posad? Posad = A posad (Russian: ) was a settlement in the RussianEmpire, often surrounded by ramparts and a moat, adjoining a town or a kremlin, but outside of it, or adjoining a monastery in the 10th to 15th centuries. The posad was inhabited by craftsmen and merchants and was its own distinct community, separate from the city it adjoined. How the context, building period and evolution makes the building historically signicant and meaningful? St. Basil the Blessed (a.k.a. St. Basil Fool for Christ; 1468-1552), almost from the beginning. Basil impressed Ivan in 1547 when he foretold a re that swept through Moscow that year. Upon his death, Basil was buried in the Trinity Cathedral that stood on this site at the time.
  3. 3. 6/30/15, 10:41 PMSchani Daniel Page 3 of 8 Ivan had the architect blinded in order to prevent him from building a more magnicent building for anyone else. "The Cathedral of the Intercession of the Virgin by the Moat". The popular alternative refers to Basil the Blessed, a Muscovite 'holy fool' who was buried on the site (in the Trinity Cathedral that once stood here) a few years before the present building was erected. The Cathedral was ordered by Ivan the Terrible to mark the 1552 capture of Kazan from Mongol forces. It was completed in 1560. 8 churches around a central ninth signify the victory of ivan the great Is a showcase of Renaissance Russian architecture built during the :Middle Muscovite period The Siege of Kazan in 1552 was the nal battle of Russo-Kazan Wars. It led to the fall of Khanate of Kazan. However, it was not the last battle on the khanate's territory. After the fall of Kazan, rebel governments formed in alm and Mitamaq, and a new khan was invited from the Nogais. This continuation guerrilla war was ended only in 1556.
  4. 4. 6/30/15, 10:41 PMSchani Daniel Page 4 of 8 Eight towers to represent 8 stages of the siege of Kazan. Made out almost entirely of brick and geometric in shape. The original concept hidden from us beneath layers of stylistic additions and new churches added to the main building. In fact, when built, the Cathedral was all white to match the white-stone Kremlin, and the onion domes were gold rather than multi- colored and patterned as they are today. In the 17th century a hip-roofed bell tower was added, the gallery and staircases were covered with vaulted roong, and the helmeted domes were replaced with decorated ones. In 1860 during rebuilding, the Cathedral was painted with a more complex and integrated design, and has remained unchanged since.
  5. 5. 6/30/15, 10:41 PMSchani Daniel Page 5 of 8 1580's the onion domes were added Hand painted metal sheet
  6. 6. 6/30/15, 10:41 PMSchani Daniel Page 6 of 8 Elevation Plan
  7. 7. 6/30/15, 10:41 PMSchani Daniel Page 7 of 8 Floor plan
  8. 8. 6/30/15, 10:41 PMSchani Daniel Page 8 of 8 Section Plan To conclude, the location of Saint Basil's Church, was entirely based upon the achievements of Ivan the terrible, thus the previous location site was intentionally made to be close to the Kremlin wall. Furthermore the space was unused for what was deemed inappropriate. In addition, the Cathedral is now a world wide tourists attraction due to its location, of being close to the central areas of the city, making it entirely assessable as a cathedral and museum. The heavy duty legends and myths that soak upon the tales of the creation and alteration of this cathedral make it a super historical structure, mostly due to how little is known about it. References style="color: #444444; font-family: Merriweather, serif; line-height: 20px;">