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Asslkm ser,

lecturerBudi hamudin, M,Esl

Asslkm First of all, Let us saythanks to Allah SWT, which has given guidance and blessingto us, therefore we can finish My homework from to Mr. Budi hamudin M,Esl, without hindrance of any. Our Sholawat and greeting are always delivered on our Great Prophet Muhammad SAW, which has brought us from darkness to brighterHi ser How are you? Are you fine ser? I hope you good to day! , Oke Ser, it is My Project Sildesher in blog I hope you can see and I can get good point,Thank you

Symbol and Referent


what That its mean?

As nouns the difference between Referent and Symbol

is that referent is (semantics) the specific entity in the world that world or phrase identifies.

or denotes while symbol is a character or glyph representing an idea, concept or object.

For example;

"the cat over there looks unfriendly"

the symbol : the catthe content : what a cat is likethe referent : the cat over there


symbol is something which we use to represent another thing - it might be a picture, a letter, a spoken or witten word - anything we use conventionally for the purpose.

referent is everything that related with symbol

this may sometimes be an object in the physical world ( the world rover is the symbol; a real dog is the referent). but it may be something which is not at all, or not obviously, present - like freedom, unicorns or hamlet.



A euphemism is used on polite expressions are words or phrases that might be considered rude or distasteful to be heard. Euphemism used regularly, and there are many examples of the use of euphemism in everyday language.

Replacement of offensive expressions (such as "just passed away") to replace the word deemed objectionable ("dead").

In his Oxford Dictionary of euphemism (2007), the record Holder in the speech that the RW or writing "we use the euphemism for dealing with things that are taboo or touchy subjects. That is the language of the embezzlement, hypocrisy, coquettishness, and lies.

For example Some euphemism used to make truth the less fun it looks softer.Euphemism examples that are included in this category include:

Using just Passed away than died to declare death

Use Correctional facility rather than jail to State prison

Use the Departed than died to declare dead

Use Differently-abled instead of handicapped or disabled to reveal defects

Use Fell off the back of a truck than to reveal the stolen stolen

Using Ethnic cleansing rather than genocide to State Tribes

Use Turn a trick rather than engage in prostitution to declare prostitution

Using Negative patient outcomes than dead to declare dead

Use the Relocation center rather than the prison camp to State prison

Denotation,connotation and implication


The language consists of a large number of words and each word has a direct correlation with something outside language. And if we communicate with each other through language we all must be the same ' idea ' or ' concept ' associated with each word.Ogden and Richard mentioned the bond between the object and the word meaning. When we hear or read the word, we often form a mental picture of what that word represents, and equate "concept" with a mental picture.The reference is the relationship between the expression language like this door, both doors, the dog, another dog and anything else related to expression in certain situations when the use of language, including what the speaker might imagine. Denoted is the potential of words like door or dog to enter into the expression language like that. The reference was the way the speaker and the listener using the expression work.Denoted is the knowledge that they have that makes them use successfully.The problem with the theory of mentalistik meaning, first, that not all words can be associated with a mental image. the example Sentence "The dog bit a man ' and ' The man bit a dog ', using ordinary instance, contain the same words but they do not express the same meaning.

CONNOTIONThe connotations are affective or emotional Association of menthol, which obviously doesn't need to be the same for all those who know and use the word. Identify the central aspects of denoted meaning of the word, where every people generally agree about. The connotation of referring to the personal aspect of meaning, evoke emotional Association said. Connotation varies according to experience, some words have the connotation of sharing.

Implication what is implicationAn implication is something that is suggested, or happens, indirectly. When you left the gate open and the dog escaped, you were guilty by implication.Implication has many different senses: Usually used in the plural, implications are effects or consequences that may happen in the future. You might ask, "What are the implications of our decision?" Implication is also the state of being implicated, or connected to something bad: "Are you surprised by their implication that you were involved in the crime?"

Examples of implication in a sentence but whereas Updike and Roth work to establish connection and coherence in the face of time's chaos, DeLillo is an artist of diffusion and dispersal, of implication and missing information. A. O. Scott, New York Times Book Review, 21 May 2006 the power of ideas to transform the world is itself accelerating. Although people readily agree with this observation when simply stated, very few people truly appreciate its profound implications. Ray Kurzweil, Curious Minds, (2004) 2005\


A word, phrase, or sentence is ambiguous if it has more than one meaning. The word 'light', for example, can mean not very heavy or not very dark. Words like 'light', 'note', 'bear' and 'over' are lexically ambiguous. They induce ambiguity in phrases or sentences in which they occur, such as 'light suit' and 'The duchess can't bear children'. However, phrases and sentences can be ambiguous even if none of their constituents is. The phrase 'porcelain egg container' is structurally ambiguous, as is the sentence 'The police shot the rioters with guns'. Ambiguity can have both a lexical and a structural basis, as with sentences like 'I left her behind for you' and 'He saw her duck'.The notion of ambiguity has philosophical applications. For example, identifying an ambiguity can aid in solving a philosophical problem. Suppose one wonders how two people can have the same idea, say of a unicorn. This can seem puzzling until one distinguishes 'idea' in the sense of a particular psychological occurrence, a mental representation, from 'idea' in the sense of an abstract, shareable concept. On the other hand, gratuitous claims of ambiguity can make for overly simple solutions. Accordingly, the question arises of how genuine ambiguities can be distinguished from spurious ones. Part of the answer consists in identifying phenomena with which ambiguity may be confused, such as vagueness, unclarity, inexplicitness and indexicality.



A metaphor is a figure of speech that refers to something as being the same as another thing for rhetorical effect. It may provide clarity or identify hidden similarities between two ideas. Where a simile compares two items, a metaphor directly equates them, and does not use "like" or "as" as does a simile.

METAPHOR EXAMPLES The detective listened to her tales with a wooden face.She was fairly certain that life was a fashion show.The typical teenage boys room is a disaster area.What storms then shook the ocean of my sleep.The children were roses grown in concrete gardens, beautiful and forlorn.


Simile DefinitionA simile is a figure of speech that makes a comparison, showing similarities between two different things. Unlike a metaphor, a simile draws resemblance with the help of the words like or as. Therefore, it is a direct comparison.

We can find simile examples in our daily speech. We often hear comments like John is as slow as a snail. Snails are notorious for their slow pace and here the slowness of John is compared to that of a snail. The use of as in the example helps to draw the resemblance. Some more examples of common similes are given below.Common Examples of SimileOur soldiers are as brave as lions.Her cheeks are red like a rose.He is as funny as a monkey.The water well was as dry as a bone.He is as cunning as a fox.Simile inputs vividness into what we say. Authors and poets utilize comparisons to convey their sentiments and thoughts through vivid word pictures like a simile.

Synonymy, antonymy and hyponymy

Definition Synonym, Antonym, hyponym

SynonymsSynonyms are words that have the same or very similar meaning. All words can have a synonym. Nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs and prepositions can have a synonym as long as both words are the same part of speech.

Examples of SynonymsAdjectives:beautiful, lovely, gorgeous, stunning, strikingNouns: House, home, dwelling, residence, abode, quartersVerbs:jump, bound, leap, hop, skipPrepositions: in, inside, within


Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings. For example, the antonym of long is short. Often words will have more than one antonym but as with synonyms it depends on the context. For instance, the word warm could have the antonym cool or chilly. In order to choose the correct antonym, you have to look at all the meanings and how the word is used. Cool can mean stylish as well as chilly so the word cool may not be the best choice.Types of AntonymsGraded antonymsare word pairs that have va