Robotica de servicio - Bruno Siciliano, Università di Napoli Federico II

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Strengthening industryacademia cooperation: challenges and opportunitiesfor European service robotics. Taller de robtica de servicio, Innobasque - 1 December 2011

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<ul><li> strengthening industryacademia cooperation: challenges and opportunities for European service robotics Bruno Siciliano Universit di Napoli Federico II Taller de robtica de servicio Bilbao 1 December 2011 </li> <li> Napoli city 1,200,000 inhabitants pole of Mediterranean culture historical and holiday sites 5 universities + several science institutions UniNa founded in 1224 by Emperor Federico II (3rd oldest after Bologna and Padova) 100,000 students School of Engineering founded in 1811 by King Murat (oldest in Italy) 15,000 students (4,500 graduate) </li> <li> the PRISMA group 6 Research teams (Napoli, Cassino, Salerno, Basilicata, Napoli 2, Roma 3) 4 Professors + 5 Associate Professors + 3 Assistant Professors 6 PostDoc + 14 PhD + 20 MS + 3 TechEng 28 years of research activity 1.5 MEuro financial support a year Collaboration with 30 foreign institutions 150 seminars and invited talks 12 books + 15 volumes + 170 journal papers + 500 conference papers </li> <li> research portfolio Aerial Robotics Dual-Arm/Hand Manipulation Control of Discrete Event Systems Dynamic Parameter Identification Fault Diagnosis and Fault Tolerant Control Force Control HumanRobot Interaction Lightweight Flexible Arms and Space Robotics Mobile Multirobot Systems Mobile Robots Novel Actuation and Sensing Systems for Robotic Applications Redundant Manipulators Service Robotics Supervisory Control of Petri Nets Underwater Robotics Visual Servoing </li> <li> robots!!! Mars oceans hospitals factories tomorrow schools homes ...today intelligent personal pervasive disappearing ubiquitous </li> <li> from factories to our homes industry field serviceautomobile aeronautics domestic chemical aerospace edutainment electronic subsea rehabilitation food rescue medicine level of autonomy </li> <li> humanrobot interaction </li> <li> service robots robots find application in 4D tasks dull dangerous dirty dumb scenarios health care entertainment security personal assistance construction cleaning </li> <li> biological inspirationla scienza minteressa proprio nel mio sforzo per uscire da una conoscenzaantropomorfa; ma nello stesso tempo sono convinto che la nostraimmaginazione non pu essere che antropomorfa Italo Calvino human beings knowledge humanoids zoomorphic BIOLOGY ROBOTICS biomechanics mechanics prostheses neurosciences control psychology sensors cyborgs hypotheses and models micro/nano validation </li> <li> personal robots service robots that are consumer products education/hobbyist robots entertainment robots smart toys robotic pets automated home partner robots </li> <li> new emerging areas by dawn of new millennium, robotics has undergone a major transformation in scope and dimensions maturity of field and advances in its related technologies expansion into challenges of human world (human- centered and life-like robotics) new generation of robots expected to safely and dependably co-habitat with humans in homes, workplaces, and communities, providing support in services, entertainment, education, healthcare, manufacturing, and assistance </li> <li> looking beyondresearch challenges soft robotics roboethics biomechanics human-centered ethics guiding haptics design, construction and use of robot co-x robots neurosciences machine learning virtual prototyping animation surgery sensor networks ...outreach toward new communities growing connection with robotics research core </li> <li> market trends </li> <li> industrial robots In 2010 (source: World Robotics 2011) ~1.3 M industrial robots operating in the world total market value of robot units: US$ 5700 M (+50%) estimated market for robot systems: US$ 17500 M strong comeback: impulse from China, Korea &amp; other South-east Asian countries (+132%), mainly automotive and electronics industry </li> <li> service industrial robots professional service robots (+4%) mostly defense/field robots 13750 new units installed in 2010 personal service robots (+35%) 1.45 M household robots 0.75 M entertainment/leisure robots </li> <li> research agenda U.S. first industrial robots designed and built matured elsewhere, despite entrepreneurial culture most robotics research is funded through military, space and security programs current boost from National Robotics Initiative Japan strategy for creating new industries includes robotics as one of the seven areas of emphasis close collaboration between government, academia and industry robot manufacturers: can rely on public opinion that robots are widely accepted by society seen as useful helpers (co-workers to their human counterparts), not as job-killers they have a strong home market covering large spectrum of robots are typically part of huge vertically integrated industrial conglomerates that can build up massive R&amp;D and commercial power </li> <li> research agenda [contd] Korea of the 10 next generation growth engines, robotics is one of them close collaboration between government, academia and industry Europe robotics industry is strong, but still quite fragmented and dispersed industry observers agree on the following global trends due to saturation in the classical (automotive) markets, all major manufacturers will need to identify new areas to maintain growth the rapid development in technology areas that are the basis for robotics mechatronics, computers, sensors, programming, human interfaces bears huge potential for totally new application scenarios these developments may also result in a dramatic redistribution of the market share of robot manufacturers in future application scenarios </li> <li> EU Strategic Research Agenda industrial robotics market converging technologies need cross-fertilisation www.robotics-platform.eu </li> <li> the eight SRA commandments take advantage of robotics technology in all aspects of life master the challenge of system integration create a European robotics supply chain focus on the right research and technologies create new markets through SME support and technology transfer support cross-fertilisation to maximise the impact of R&amp;D enhance robotics training and education avoid ethical, legal, and societal issues becoming barriers </li> <li> the European challenge benefits of tighter academia (A)industry (I) cooperation exploiting the full potential of excellent European robotics research achieving faster technology transfers increasing European competitiveness (vs. Japan) expanding industrial activities reaching a world-wide leadership position </li> <li> gaps between A &amp; I implementing this know-how transfer in concrete measures and actions is a great challenge it is important to recognise that there has always been excellent R&amp;D performed at both A and I, and that cooperation has taken place between privileged A and I however, there is an obvious and significant discrepancy between the state of the art in robotics research vs. actual utilized technology if direct contact between researchers (who usually write papers) and industrial engineers (who normally do not read papers) is to be promoted, then results have to be put in a truly industrial perspective so, the main question is: how can effective and efficient A/I cooperation be achieved? </li> <li> one case study today: still strong dependency on the automotive industry KUKA AG 1,203 (million) * Robotics 486.2 (million) * Systems 716.8 (million) * Automotive 50 % General Industry 50 % Automotive 90 % General Industry 10 % difficulties to compete on price level technology leadership is required new application areas promise higher margins * from annual report 2010 key requirement: faster technology transfers </li> <li> a few success stories 7-axis light-weight robot designed and built @ DLR, a KUKA product now weighs 14 Kg and lifts up to 13 Kg easy to be moved around innovative joints and actuator solutions gravity compensation force control with joint and wrist F/T sensors safe human-robot interaction service and space robotics applications other features, like interfaces with popular packages (Microsoft Robotics Studio) used in Justin humanoid manipulator @ DLR (2 LWR + torso + sensorized head) mounted on both mobile base (Automatica 2008) and as biped (Automatica 2010) </li> <li> a few success stories [contd] force control system developed @ ABB Corporate Research in cooperation with several Universities motion instructions using F/T sensor innovative and agile product, helps faster and more efficient programming promises to be standard very soon automatic identification of robot payloads algorithms developed @ UniNa and implemented in COMAU C4G controller better dynamic performance in fast motion collision detection algorithms based on measurements of internal variables real-time motion trajectory planning satisfying user and dynamic constraints </li> <li> a few success stories [contd] parallel kinematic machine modular and scalable desktop robot designed @ LundTech, an ABB product now professional ball joints and drive technology down-sized for classroom use and low cost open source real-time Java control software interfaces to Microsoft Robotics Studio force/torque sensors DLR compliant F/T sensor, used for medical and industrial applications (SCHUNK product) SMErobot F/T sensor, designed to meet industrial and price requirements strong link between JR3 and UCoimbra resulting in several developments in terms of software, interfaces and robot controller </li> <li> lessons learned cooperation resulted in the recognition of new problem areas on the part of A, which in turn encouraged creative thinking in the direction of new potential neighbouring applications on the part of I (market-orientation vs. long- term orientation) this continued result-oriented dialogue also led to build up of trust between A and I, which opened up lines of communication at more confidential levels (protection of IPR vs. public sharing) this step-by-step interaction and exchange of ideas is the most promising path to meet the ever-changing demands of I on one hand and fulfill the problem-solving drive of research of A on the other hand (practical product development vs. visionary methodology/theory) </li> <li> tightening the chord between A &amp; I academia and industry hand in hand experiments structured dialogue </li> <li> experiments funding European Commission selected funding experiments ECHORD core partners proposalsacademia industry selected equipment from industrial sponsors www.echord.info </li> <li> operating scheme3 Equipment quotes (~4 weeks) 41 companies, 317 items 3 Calls for proposals (68 weeks) 243 submissions Evaluation (67 weeks) 51 selected and formal approval (several months) Executing and monitoring (1218months) Result collation (8+ weeks) </li> <li> bridging the gaps communicate requirements industry market relevant research andmarket knowledge development in robotics entrepreneurship independent innovation in robotics skills experts through knowledge transfer common terminology new business creation academiawww.eurobotics-project.eu communicate abilities transfer skills </li> <li> face of European robotics image of European research does not represent the qu...</li></ul>