Quotation, Paraphrase, Summary, Plagiarism

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Quotation, Paraphrase, Summary, Plagiarism. How to Properly Use and Cite Sources. Definitions. Quotation: Is an exact duplication of a portion of a source, enclosed in quotation marks Paraphrase: Reproduces the content of the original in your own words Summary: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Quotation, Paraphrase, Summary, PlagiarismHow to ProperlyUse and Cite Sources

  • DefinitionsQuotation:Is an exact duplication of a portion of a source, enclosed in quotation marksParaphrase:Reproduces the content of the original in your own wordsSummary:A condensed paraphrase that expresses only the principle points of the originalPlagiarism:Failure to document a quotation, paraphrase, or summary

  • Integrating Quotation, Paraphrase, SummaryAlways introduce quotations, paraphrases and summariesUse an introductory phrase with the name of the author includedExample:In Letters from America, Rupert Brooke characterizes Toronto as a brisk, largely British city having the usual urban mixture of wealth and poverty (80).

  • Rules for QuotationQuote accurately:Reproduce the quotation exactly including its spelling, capitalization, and punctuationIf you omit or change anything, indicate the changes [ ] if you change a word/phrase (with a space before and after) if you omit a word/phrase)You may omit or change the concluding punctuation to fit the quotation into your own sentence

  • Rules for QuotationShort quotations (less than 4 lines of your essay) go in quotation marks and are included in the body of your textWhen quoting more than one line of verse, use a slash (/) with a space before and after to mark the line endings: Five years have passed; five summers, with the length / Of five long winters (Wordsworth, Tintern Abbey 1-2).

  • Rules for QuotationWhen quoting a prose passage of more than three lines, start a new line and indent from the left margin double what you indent your paragraphDo not indent right marginDouble space the quotation (as you are the entire essay) but do not add quotation marks that are not part of the quotation itselfAfter the quotation leave 2 spaces before the citation

  • Rules for QuotationAfter the quotation leave 2 spaces before the citation:None of them knew the colour of the sky. Their eyes glanced level, and were fastened upon the waves that swept toward them. (Crane, The Open Boat 918)

  • Rules for QuotationWhen quoting more than three lines of verse, start a new line and indent from the left margin double what you indent your paragraphDo not indent right marginDouble-space the quotation (as you are the entire essay)Preserve the original line endings and the original spatial arrangement of the lines as much as possibleIf the passage begins in the middle of a line, type it that way

  • Rules for QuotationIf the passage begins in the middle of a line, type it that way:These beauteous forms,Through a long absence, have not been to meAs is a landscape to a blind mans eye:But oft, in lonely rooms, and mid the dinOf towns and cities, I have owed to themIn hours of weariness, sensations sweet (Tintern Abbey 22-27)

  • Rules for ParaphraseGive clear credit to the source at the beginning of the paraphraseParaphrase will usually be a little shorter than the original, but need not be

  • Rules for ParaphraseDo not use significant words and phrases from the original without putting them in quotation marksIf using three or more words in a row from the original, put them in quotation marks; not to do so is plagiarism

  • Rules for SummaryGive clear credit to the source either at the beginning of the summary or in the end citationDo not use significant words and phrases from the original without putting them in quotation marksIf using three or more words in a row from the original, put them in quotation marks; not to do so is plagiarism

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