overview nova’s crisis intervention model group crisis intervention gci


Post on 16-Dec-2015




3 download

Embed Size (px)


  • Slide 1
  • Slide 2
  • CRISIS REACTION PHYSICAL Immobilization (frozen fright) Mobilization (fight, flight, or adapt) Exhaustion (problem of sleep)
  • Slide 3
  • CRISIS REACTION EMOTIONAL Shock, Disbelief, Denial, Regression Cataclysmic emotions Fear, Anger, Confusion, Frustration, Guilt, Shame, Grief Reconstruction of (new) equilibrium
  • Slide 4
  • DIAGRAMMING A DISASTER BY TYPE: Disaster Impact Step One: Determine the cause of the disaster: natural, human, technological Step Two: Determine the element involved: earth, wind, fire, water, people Step Three: Determine issues of concern: sensorial, duration, conceptual
  • Slide 5
  • Diagramming a Disaster Sensorial Involvement Smell Taste Touch Sight Auditory
  • Slide 6
  • Diagramming a Disaster Chronology Pre-disaster Equilibrium Previous disaster history Cultural/economic tensions Warning Characterized by anxiety Disaster subcultures Credible vs. non-credible
  • Slide 7
  • Diagramming a Disaster Chronology Threat Responses vary: emotional problem-solving disengagement or blunting
  • Slide 8
  • Diagramming a Disaster Chronology Impact Timing may add to sense of unreality Time warp Duration Survival issues Community pre-occupation Low point vs. no low point
  • Slide 9
  • Diagramming a Disaster Chronology Inventory Disorientation Silence Assessment/triage
  • Slide 10
  • Diagramming a Disaster Chronology Rescue Remedy/Mitigation Disaster euphoria Disillusionment Adjustment Stages
  • Slide 11
  • Diagramming a Disaster Spatial Dimensions Convergence Proximity Remoteness Geographic Spread
  • Slide 12
  • Diagramming a Disaster Role Dimensions Assessment of Social Disruption Practical Emotional Distinguishing Features of Community Tragedy
  • Slide 13
  • Elements of Crisis Intervention Safety and Security Ventilation and Validation Prediction and Preparation
  • Slide 14
  • Group Crisis Intervention(GCI) Techniques Purpose: Address large numbers Provide peer validation Provide written validation through scribe Begin repair of communitys social fabric Educate community members Affirm hope for the future
  • Slide 15
  • Group Crisis Intervention Logistics Who and How Many? Where? When? How Long? Setup
  • Slide 16
  • Group Crisis Intervention Roles Lead Facilitator Support Facilitator Scribe Other GCI Supporters
  • Slide 17
  • NOVA Basic GCI Process Introduction Ground Rules Questions Sensorial, Memories, Prediction and Preparation, Follow-up Education/Summary
  • Slide 18
  • Special Issues Death Emotions: Fear, Anger, Guilt, Shame Loss Grief Death Notification
  • Slide 19
  • Special Issues Long Term Stress Post-Trauma Character Changes Trigger Events Secondary Injuries
  • Slide 20
  • Special Issues Spirituality Trauma Impacts Faith Power of Prayer in Crisis Power of Ritual in Crisis Ethical Guidelines for Helpers Survivors are Vulnerable Respect Ritual and Practices
  • Slide 21
  • Special Issues Culture Matrix of Influences Cultural Action Plan Education Geography, History, Rituals and Routines Entrance into a Different Culture Respect and Good Will
  • Slide 22
  • Special Issues Children Developmental Stages Spasmodic Crisis Reactions Death Issues Lack of Denial Grief Impact of Parent Loss
  • Slide 23
  • Special Issues Elders Challenges of Aging Season of Losses Trauma Shatters Beliefs
  • Slide 24
  • Organizing Crisis Response Teams Goals Assist local caregivers in planning Support local caregivers Train local caregivers Provide crisis intervention
  • Slide 25
  • Organizing Crisis Response Teams Levels of Service Team Member Roles: HQ Staff, Team Leader, Team Manager, Media Liaison, Others (Worker Bees) Local Host Flow of Activities