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MLA Formatting and Style Guide adapted from:. Overview. This presentation will cover: MLA background General MLA guidelines First page format In-text citations Formatting quotations Works Cited page. What is MLA?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • MLAFormatting and Style Guide

    adapted from:

  • OverviewThis presentation will cover:MLA backgroundGeneral MLA guidelinesFirst page formatIn-text citationsFormatting quotationsWorks Cited page

  • What is MLA?MLA (Modern Language Association) style formatting is often used in various Humanities disciplines

  • What does MLA regulate?MLA regulates:

    Document FormatIn-text citationsWorks Cited (a list of all sources used in the paper)

  • Examples of annual MLA changesEvery year, the MLA makes changes to the rules of documentation.

    Here are some examples of changes from 2009:No more Underlining (only use italics)Publication Medium (e.g. Print, Web, etc.)New Abbreviations (e.g. N.p. for no publisher given)

  • Your Instructor Knows Best#1 Rule for any formatting style:AlwaysFollow your instructorsguidelines

  • Format: General Guidelines

    Type on white 8.5 x 11 paper

    Double-space everything

    Use 12 pt. Times New Roman font (or similar font)

    Leave only one space after punctuation

    Set all margins to 1 inch on all sides

    Indent the first line of paragraphs one half-inch (1 tab)

  • Format: General Guidelines (continued)

    Do NOT indent 1st paragraph Header with page numbers in the upper right corner

    Use italics for titles of larger works, like books and films

    Use quotation marks for shorter works, like articles and songs

  • Formatting the 1st Page No title page Double space everythingIn the upper left corner of the 1st page, list your name, your instructor's name, the course, and dateCenter the paper title (use standard caps but no underlining, italics, quote, or bold)Create a header in the upper right corner at half inch from the top and one inch from the right of the page (include your last name and page number)Do NOT indent 1st paragraph

  • Sample 1st PageSmith 1John SmithMr. PorentasEnglish 1114 February 2012A Beautiful Title: The Difference Between a 4 and a 5 EssaySo begins my essaylike so many quality essays before it: with a hook. Of course, so proper introduction would be complete without transitions, therefore I shall include some. That being said, it is about time I got to the point of my essay. This, being the first sentence of a body paragraph, would be the perfect time to introduce a topic. This whole paragraph is focused on one main idea. When I shift to a new main idea, I will transition to a new paragraph, but not before a concluding

  • Print Source with AuthorWith author stated in lead-in:Human beings have been described by Kenneth Burke as "symbol-using animals" (3).

    Author NOT stated in lead-in: Human beings have been described as "symbol-using animals" (Burke 3).

    Corresponding Works Cited Entry:Burke, Kenneth. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature, and Method. Berkeley: U of California P, 1966. Print.

  • Authors ideas expressed in YOUR own words (paraphrase): Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263).

    Corresponding Works Cited Entry:Wordsworth, William. Lyrical Ballads. London: Oxford U.P., 1967. Print.

    Print Source with Author 2

  • With Unknown AuthorIn-text Example:We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change (Impact of Global Warming 6).

    Corresponding Works Cited Entry:The Impact of Global Warming in North America. Global Warming: Early Signs. 1999. Web. 23 Mar. 2009.

  • Other In-Text CitationsSources from the InternetIn-text Example:One online film critic stated that Fitzcarraldo is "...a beautiful and terrifying critique of obsession and colonialism" (Garcia, Herzog: a Life).Corresponding Works Cited Entry:Garcia, Elizabeth. "Herzog: a Life." Online Film Critics Corner. The Film School of New Hampshire, 2 May 2002. Web. 8 Jan. 2009.

  • Adding/Omitting WordsIn-text Example for Adding Words:Jan Harold Brunvand, in an essay on urban legends, states that "some individuals [who retell urban legends] make a point of learning every rumor or tale" (78).

    In-text example for Omitting Words:In an essay on urban legends, Jan Harold Brunvand notes that "some individuals make a point of learning every recent rumor or tale . . . and in a short time a lively exchange of details occurs" (78).

  • Works Cited Page: The BasicsSample Works Cited page:

  • Works Cited Page: BooksBasic Format:Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.

    Examples:Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin, 1987. Print.Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner. The Allyn and Bacon Guide to Peer Tutoring. Boston: Allyn, 2000. Print.Palmer, William J. Dickens and New Historicism. New York: St. Martin's, 1997. Print.---. The Films of the Eighties: A Social History. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1993. Print.

  • Works Cited Page: PeriodicalsArticle in a Magazine Format:Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Periodical Day Month Year: pages. Medium of publication.Example:Buchman, Dana. "A Special Education." Good Housekeeping Mar. 2006: 143-8. Print.

    Article in Scholarly Journal Format:Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Medium of publication.Example:Duvall, John N. "The (Super)Marketplace of Images: Television as Unmediated Mediation in DeLillo's White Noise." Arizona Quarterly 50.3 (1994): 127- 53. On-line.

  • Works Cited Page: WebWeb Source Format:Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Article Name. Name of Site. Version number. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher). Date of last update. Medium of publication. Date of access.

  • Works Cited Page: WebExamples:Bernstein, Mark. "10 Tips on Writing the Living Web. A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites. A List Apart Mag., 16 Aug. 2002. Web. 4 May 2009.Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U, 28 Nov. 2003. Web. 10 May 2006."How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow, n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2009.

  • Everything You Needis on the BCHS web site, as well as a million other places on the world wide web.

    On the left, click on Library, and then click on Student Writing:

    BCHS web site--Student Writing page

  • The End

    *Welcome to MLA Formatting and Style Guide. This Power Point Presentation is designed to introduce your students to the basics of MLA Formatting and Style. You might want to supplement the presentation with more detailed information available on the OWLs MLA 2009 Formatting and Style Guide at

    Designer: Ethan SproatBased on slide designs from the OWL APA Formatting and Style Guide powerpoint by Jennifer Liethen Kunka and Elena Lawrick.Contributors: Tony Russell, Alllen Brizee, Jennifer Liethen Kunka, Joe Barbato, Dave Neyhart, Erin E. Karper, Karl Stolley, Kristen Seas, Tony Russell, and Elizabeth Angeli.This PPT will cover the 2009 updates to MLA, general guidelines, first page format, section headings, in-text citations, formatting quotations, and the Works Cited page.*There are two main manuals for MLA formatting. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed. and MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, 3rd ed. The Handbook is used mostly by undergraduate and graduate students when writing papers for class. The Style Manual is used by professionals who are formatting documents in preparation for publication (like journal articles, books, book chapters, etc.). Many formatting elements are the same between the two books. This presentation will mostly focus on MLA formatting and style concerns that affect writing research papers.

    MLA style is often used in the following disciplines: Humanties, languages, Literature, Linguistics, Philosophy, Communication, Religion, and others.

    MLA format provides writers with a uniform format for document layout and documenting sources. Proper MLA style shows that writers are conscientious of the standards of writing in their respective disciplines. Properly documenting sources also ensures that an author is not plagiarizing.*This slide presents three basic areas regulated by MLA students need to be aware ofdocument format, in-text citations, and Works Cited. The following slides provide detailed explanations regarding each area.*In Summer 2008, the Modern Language Association released its third edition of the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, which publicly unveiled modifications to MLA Style for the upcoming year. These changes go into effect April 2009 with the release of MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th edition). General paper formatting (margins, headings, etc.) and in-text citations will remain the same, but all Works Cited style entries will be different from the 6th edition guidelines. The Purdue OWL will begin listing these changes in all our MLA resources in April 2009. Here are some of the more noteworthy changes:

    No More Underlining! Underlining is no more. MLA now recommends italicizing titles of independently published works (books, periodicals, films, etc).

    No More URLs! While website entries will still include authors, article names, and website names, when available, MLA no longer requires URLs. Writers are, however, encouraged to provide a URL if the citation information does not lead readers to easily find the source.

    Publication Medium. Every entry receives a medium of publication marke


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