mla 7 th edition formatting and style guide

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MLA 7 th Edition Formatting and Style Guide. Overview. This presentation will cover: 2009 updates to MLA (7 th edition) General MLA guidelines First page format Section headings In-text citations Formatting quotations Works Cited page. What is MLA?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Finding Your Focus

MLA 7th EditionFormatting and Style Guide1Welcome to MLA Formatting and Style Guide. This Power Point Presentation is designed to introduce your students to the basics of MLA Formatting and Style. You might want to supplement the presentation with more detailed information available on the OWLs MLA 2009 Formatting and Style Guide at http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/

Designer: Ethan SproatBased on slide designs from the OWL APA Formatting and Style Guide powerpoint by Jennifer Liethen Kunka and Elena Lawrick.Contributors: Tony Russell, Alllen Brizee, Jennifer Liethen Kunka, Joe Barbato, Dave Neyhart, Erin E. Karper, Karl Stolley, Kristen Seas, Tony Russell, and Elizabeth Angeli.OverviewThis presentation will cover:2009 updates to MLA (7th edition)General MLA guidelinesFirst page formatSection headingsIn-text citationsFormatting quotationsWorks Cited pageThis PPT will cover the 2009 updates to MLA, general guidelines, first page format, section headings, in-text citations, formatting quotations, and the Works Cited page.2What is MLA?MLA (Modern Language Association) style formatting is often used in various humanities disciplines.

There are two main manuals for MLA formatting. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed. and MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, 3rd ed. The Handbook is used mostly by undergraduate and graduate students when writing papers for class. The Style Manual is used by professionals who are formatting documents in preparation for publication (like journal articles, books, book chapters, etc.). Many formatting elements are the same between the two books. This presentation will mostly focus on MLA formatting and style concerns that affect writing research papers.

MLA style is often used in the following disciplines: humanities, languages, literature, linguistics, philosophy, communication, religion, and others.

MLA format provides writers with a uniform format for document layout and documenting sources. Proper MLA style shows that writers are conscientious of the standards of writing in their respective disciplines. Properly documenting sources also ensures that an author is not plagiarizing.3What does MLA regulate?MLA regulates:

Document FormatIn-text citationsWorks Cited (a list of all sources used in the paper)

This slide presents three basic areas regulated by MLA students need to be aware ofdocument format, in-text citations, and Works Cited. The following slides provide detailed explanations regarding each area.4MLA Update 2009Changes in MLA:No more underlining (only use italics)Inclusion of publication medium (e.g. Print, Web, etc.)New abbreviations (e.g., N.p. for no publisher given)

In Summer 2008, the Modern Language Association released its third edition of the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, which publicly unveiled modifications to MLA Style for the upcoming year. These changes go into effect April 2009 with the release of MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th edition). General paper formatting (margins, headings, etc.) and in-text citations will remain the same, but all Works Cited style entries will be different from the 6th edition guidelines. The Purdue OWL will begin listing these changes in all our MLA resources in April 2009. Here are some of the more noteworthy changes:

No More Underlining! Underlining is no more. MLA now recommends italicizing titles of independently published works (books, periodicals, films, etc).

No More URLs! While website entries will still include authors, article names, and website names, when available, MLA no longer requires URLs. Writers are, however, encouraged to provide a URL if the citation information does not lead readers to easily find the source.

Publication Medium. Every entry receives a medium of publication marker. Most entries will be listed as Print or Web, but other possibilities include Performance, DVD, or TV. Most of these markers will appear at the end of entries; however, markers for Web sources are followed by the date of access.

New Abbreviations. Many web source entries now require a publisher name, a date of publication, and/or page numbers. When no publisher name appears on the website, write N.p. for no publisher given. When sites omit a date of publication, write n.d. for no date. For online journals that appear only online (no print version) or on databases that do not provide pagination, write n. pag. for no pagination.5Your Instructor Knows Best#1 Rule for any formatting style:AlwaysFollow your instructorsguidelinesMany instructors who require their students to use MLA formatting and citation style have small exceptions to different MLA rules. Every bit of instruction and direction given in this presentation comes with this recommendation: ALWAYS follow the specific instructions given by your instructor.6Format: General Guidelines Type on white 8.5 x 11 paper

Double-space everything

Use 12 pt. Times New Roman font (or similar font)

Leave only one space after punctuation

Set all margins to 1 inch on all sides

Indent the first line of paragraphs one half-inch

Type your paper on a computer and print it out on standard, white 8.5 x 11-inch paperDouble-space the text of your paper, and use a legible font (e.g. Times New Roman). Whatever font you choose, MLA recommends that the regular and italics type styles contrast enough that they are recognizable one from another. The font size should be 12 ptLeave only one space after periods or other punctuation marks (unless otherwise instructed by your instructor).Set the margins of your document to 1 inch on all sidesIndent the first line of paragraphs one half-inch from the left margin. MLA recommends that you use the Tab key as opposed to pushing the Space Bar five times.7Format: General Guidelines (continued)Header with page numbers in the upper right corner

Use italics for titles of longer works (novels, plays, films, epic poems, albums, magazines, etc.), quotation marks for shorter works (poems, short stories, articles, songs, etc.)

Endnotes go on a separate page before your Works Cited page

Create a header that numbers all pages consecutively in the upper right-hand corner, one-half inch from the top and flush with the right margin. (Note: Your instructor may ask that you omit the number on your first page. Always follow your instructor's guidelines.)Use italics throughout your essay for the titles of longer works and, only when absolutely necessary, providing emphasisIf you have any endnotes, include them on a separate page before your Works Cited page. Entitle the section Notes (centered, unformatted).8Formatting the 1st PageNo title pageDouble space everythingIn the upper left corner of the 1st page, list yourname, your instructor's name, the course, and date Center the paper title (use standard caps but no underlining, italics, quote, or bold)Create a header in the upper right corner at half inch from the top and one inch from the right of the page (include your last name and page number)Do not make a title page for your paper unless specifically requestedIn the upper left-hand corner of the first page, list your name, your instructor's name, the course, and the date. Again, be sure to use double-spaced text.Double space again and center the title.Do not underline, italicize, or place your title in quotation marks; write the title in Title Case (standard capitalization), not in all capital letters.Use quotation marks and/or italics when referring to other works in your title, just as you would in your text: Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas as Morality Play; Human Weariness in After Apple PickingDouble space between the title and the first line of the text.Create a header in the upper right-hand corner that includes your last name, followed by a space with a page number; number all pages consecutively with Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, 4, etc.), one-half inch from the top and flush with the right margin. (Note: Your instructor or other readers may ask that you omit last name/page number header on your first page. Always follow instructor guidelines.)9Sample 1st Page

Do not make a title page for your paper unless specifically requestedIn the upper left-hand corner of the first page, list your name, your instructor's name, the course, and the date. Again, be sure to use double-spaced text.Double space again and center the title.Do not underline, italicize, or place your title in quotation marks; write the title in Title Case (standard capitalization), not in all capital letters.Use quotation marks and/or italics when referring to other works in your title, just as you would in your text: Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas as Morality Play; Human Weariness in After Apple PickingDouble space between the title and the first line of the text.Create a header in the upper right-hand corner that includes your last name, followed by a space with a page number; number all pages consecutively with Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, 4, etc.), one-half inch from the top and flush with the right margin. (Note: Your instructor or other readers may ask that you omit last name/page number header on your first page. Always follow instructor guidelines.)10Formatting Section Headings Headings are generally optional

Headings in essays should be numbered

Headings should be consistent in grammar and formatting but are otherwise up to youSection HeadingsWriters sometimes use Section Headings to improve a documents readability. These sections may include individual chapters or other named parts of a book or essay.EssaysMLA recommends that when you divide an essay into sections that you number those sections with an Arabic number and a period followed by a space and the section name.BooksMLA does not have a prescribe

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