Mapping Philanthropy: How You Can Use Data Visualization to Do Good.

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  • Mapping Philanthropy:How You Can Use Data Visualization to Do Good

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  • Mapping Philanthropy:How You Can Use Data Visualization to Do Good

  • PresentersKyla HuntTechSoupFacilitatorGeorge FordFoundation CenterPresenterAssisting with chat: Becky WiegandJake GarciaFoundation CenterPresenter

  • Jake Garcia: Visualizing PhilanthropyGeorge Ford: Foundation Directory OnlineQuestions from the audienceAgenda

  • Poll Questions

  • Visualizing Philanthropy: Methods for Obtaining, Curating, and Visualizing Data to Reveal Trends in Philanthropic FundingMarch 29, 2012Jake GarciaGIS Web DeveloperFoundation CenterNew York, NY

  • The Foundation Center Leading source of information about philanthropy worldwide

    Information on more than 105,000 global foundations, corporate donors, and grantmaking public charities

    Database of 4.6 million grants

  • The Foundation Center Aims to enhance grantmaker and nonprofit effectiveness through shared information and understandingResearch reports and advisories on giving trendsMapping toolsCustom, issue-based portals Economic crisis, U.S. education, funding after the Haiti earthquake

  • It starts with Open Data In regard to U.S.-based philanthropy, our datasets originate from tax forms that foundations submit to the U.S. government. The government, in turn, makes the completed forms available to the public.

  • but the data requires curation. Data extractionOccasionally requires optical character recognition (OCR)

    Data coding Internal subject taxonomy includes 1,100 codesRecipient typePopulation codesLocation of recipients as well as location of projects

  • Goals for visualizing grant data Show the flow of $ from foundations to non-profits/NGOs.

    Identify trends, gaps, or concentration of funding.

    Place funding flows in context.

  • Open data sources Data by region:World Bankdata.worldbank.orgU.S. governmentdata.gov

    Geographic Information Systems (GIS) files:geo.data.govdata.geocomm.comnaturalearthdata.com

  • Problems with data Grants data

    Incomplete grant descriptions

    Imprecise geographic definitions

    Re-grantingSample grant record

  • Problems in data visualization Correlation is not causation.

    Modifiable Area Unit Problem (MAUP) and Ecological Fallacy

    Need to compare apples to apples, requires taxonomical rigor

  • Problems in data visualization Its too easy to lie with maps (and charts).See Monmonier, M. 1996. How to Lie with Maps. U. of Chicago.; and Tufte, E. 2001. The Visual Display of Quantitative Information. Graphics Press. Consider cartographic rules of thumb. E.g., use bubbles for raw figures, choropleth (polygon shading) only for ratios.

  • Trends in U.S. philanthropy An API exists for this data.Aggregated dataU.S. foundation assets increased across the board in 1997.Glasspockets.org/

  • Trends in U.S. philanthropy An API exists for this data.Aggregated dataU.S. foundation assets decreased across the board in 2008.Glasspockets.org/

  • Trends in U.S. philanthropy An API exists for this data.Aggregated dataComparing trends among grant recipients per state.

  • Trends in U.S. philanthropy An API exists for this data.Aggregated dataComparing trends among grant recipients by subject.

  • Trends in international philanthropy Specific regions/topicsNumber of grants intended for projects in Haiti, 2005 to 2011An API exists for this data. foundationcenter.org/haiti

  • An API exists for this data.Specific regions/topics:Haiti, grant $, each subject

    (not including funding for Safety/Disasters)

    foundationcenter.org/haitiTrends in international philanthropy

  • An API exists for this data.Specific regions/topics:Haiti, grant $, each subject

    (including funding for Safety/Disasters)foundationcenter.org/haitiTrends in international philanthropy

  • Combining data sets FC and World Bank dataNo Ag/Forestry project funding in Angola, 2001 to 2007This app uses the World Banks data API.http://gis.foundationcenter.org/worldmap/index.php200320052007

  • Combining data sets FC, World Bank, and OECD dataFunding for water, sanitation, and hygiene worldwideThis app uses the World Banks data API (referencing JMPs data).

  • Combining data sets FC, World Bank, and OECD dataOECD funding for WASH projectsThis includes OECDs data, which is open but is not available via API.

  • Combining data sets FC, World Bank, and OECD dataViewing a country profile with multiple data sources: KenyaThis includes data from the World Banks data API, as well as OECDs data, which is open but is not available via API.

  • Combining data sets FC and OECD dataViewing funding details: KenyaThis includes OECDs data, which is open but is not available via API.Grant recordsOECD funding

  • Next steps for APIs International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI)Providing data in a common format, with a codified structure and taxonomy

    PartnershipsWorking with the World Bank and others to establish geocoding standards for tracking international projects (e.g., Haiti)

  • Prototype application: HAITI AIDU.S. foundation grants and World Bank projects, Haiti, 2005-2011

  • maps.worldbank.org

  • maps.worldbank.org

  • AIDDATA.ORG

  • Examplesof data visualization applications MappingChartingWebDesktop* open source

    OpenLayers*ESRIGeoServer*Google MapsMapServer*ESRIQGIS*uDig*GRASS*GeoDa*R*Emprise JS Charts*Google ChartsRafael*Highcharts*jQuery Sparklines*d3.jsR*, SPSS, SASExcelPhotoshop/Illustrator

  • Takeaway #1 4.6 million grants from 105,000 foundations, and counting, accessible via dozens of data products, some of which are free and available via APIs.The Foundation Center has extensive data on US and international philanthropy.

  • Takeaway #2 Good data visualization requires good data. Good data requires curation. + curation =clean data

    Also, its too easy to mislead an audience (and yourself) by using quickly mashed-up or un-vetted databe careful out there!

  • Takeaway #3 Focus on the meaning of the data, not just on how cool it looks:

    -- is it accurate?

    -- did it help sustain the authors argument?

    -- did it help you (or anyone else) make a decision?

  • Contactjkg@foundationcenter.orgJake GarciaGeographerFoundation Center79 Fifth AvenueNew York, NY 10003

  • Mapping Grants: Using data visualization features in Foundation Directory Online to research funding prospectsGeorge FordProduct ManagerFoundation CenterNew York, NY

  • Foundation Directory Online Over 100,000 grantmakers and 2.4 million grantsSearch funders, grants, companies, 990s, and moreSave searches, tag records, export results listsDetailed funder portfoliosInteractive grant maps and charts

  • FDO Maps & Charts Grantmaker-specific grant maps and charts See a funders grants from 2003 through 2012View by year, grant subject, or recipient typeDrill down to sub-levels, get recipient lists, and view grant recordsTools copy map/chart images, generate PDFs, and export tabular data to spreadsheet

  • On the Horizon: Geographic Area Served data Not just where the recipient organization is headquartered, but where the beneficiaries are.

    Map views: Continent; intl region, country, domestic (U.S.) regions, states

  • Contactgef@foundationcenter.orgGeorge FordProduct Manager, Online Subscription ServicesFoundation Center79 Fifth AvenueNew York, NY 10003

  • Questions

  • The Foundation Center is the leading source of information about philanthropy worldwide. Through data, analysis, and training we connect people who want to change the world to the resources they need to succeed.

    Who is the Foundation Center?

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