log book week 3~10

Log Book Zihan Chen 691950

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Constructing Environment University of Melbourne


Log Book

Zihan Chen



Week 3

•Deep foundation: have end bearing piles and friction piles.

•Raft foundation: provide increase stability by joining the individual strip together.

•Masonry: stone+clay+concrete

•Equilibrium=object or system at rest.

•Moment of force moment=force x distance



pad footing

strip footing

slab on ground


•Brick, Block, Stone and their properties

1. Lot 6 Cafe

2. Underground carpark & South Lawn

3.Arts West Student Centre

The material

this building

used as column

is concrete. The

other main

material is


The concrete column

as picture shows

supports the whole

structure of

underground carpark.

As we can see, the

column is rusty

because of the humid


The whole steel

superstructure is based

on several timber


4. Stairs on west end of Union House 5. North Court Union House

We can see that the steel cord

which fixed at the cantilever is

holding the stair structure. The

material of the stair and the

cantilever is steel.

This is a membrane structure as the

steel cord is stretching by the

superstructure, and the tension is

dispersed to the surrounding wall.

The structure can also easily collect

the rain water.

6. Beaurepaire Centre Pool

7. Oval Pavilion (north side of oval)

The foundation wall is used in

this pool building. Its purpose is

to carries the superstructure and

also to protect the glass. The

material is concrete.

This is masonry wall. “Masonry

walls consist of modular blocks

bonded together with mortar to

form walls that are durable, fire-

resistant, and structurally efficient

in compression.” (Ching,2008)

8. New Melbourne School of Design under construction

The main material used is

precast concrete and glasses.


Week 4

•In situ concrete: process include fabrication and assembly of framework

placing any reinforcement.

•Pre cast concrete: is a much more standardizes outcome.

•Span: distance between two structural supports.

•Spacing: distance between the centre of two supports.

•Beam: carry loads along the length of the beam and transfer load to vertical


•Cantilever: created when support only one end.






Week 5

Wall system:

•Load bearing wall

•Stud wall


•Fixed frame

•Hinged frame

•Three-hinged frame

Material: thin timber stick

Tools: glue, scissor, scale ruler, mark

pen, pencil, knife, tape

Working Process: we measure the

drawing set, which the scale is 1:100,

then put a mark on the sticks, cut

them, stick them as several parts,

finally fixed each part together.


This is our final presentation.

Because of the small

measurement error, our

structure seems a bit inclined.

We can see that the few

columns play a role of

supporting the whole

superstructure. And there are

many joints in the


This group is a little bit similar to

ours as it is a truss system. The

difference is it doesn’t have column

at the bottom, the columns are

inside the structure, in order to

transfer the load down.

The three main columns in this

structure support the

superstructure which is like a



Week 6









•Portal frame




• 52 Buninyong St

Wood stud framing:

Pre-cast header, cripples, triple full studs and full studs

• Royal Victoria Motor Yacht Club

Foundation system:

Reinforced with steel bars

Structural system:

Steel – bearing the loads

Column – support axial compressive loads;

transfer loads to the ground

Enclosure system:

Consists of panels of concrete(pre-cast)

Mechanical system:

Pipe – used to remove excess water


Week 8


•Timber door

•Aluminum door

•Steel door


•Timber, Aluminum, Steel

•The properties of glass

•Deflection: the act or state of deflecting or the state of being deflected

•Stress: force or a system of forces producing deformation or strain



Week 9

Construction detailing:

Movement joints:


•As installed


Cleanable surface:

•Butt cove

•Straight base

•Top set cove

•Cove and cap stripe

Composite Material:

Monolithic material





This is a concrete structure seven-story

apartment. In the basement(car park),

those long thick in-situ concrete columns

play a role of supporting the whole

superstructure and transfer the load

directly to the foundation system.

The wall applied in the basement is

waterproof because it is concrete

masonry foundation wall.

This is unfinished roof. The gap of this

structure is for the pump to go down to

the inside of the apartment.

For the interior wall, we can see

the steel stud framing



The pipes fixed at

the ceiling. Black:

cold water Red: hot

water Yellow: gas

water supply system.

This is the unfinished shower

facility. And we can see the water

pipe and its structure.

The frame of the glass door is


The main difference between

the interior space and

basement is the wall. The

precast concrete is used in

this interior space.

Ventilating duct


Week 10

Collapses and Failures:


•Suitability of material for the application

•Long term performance


•Construction and detailing

•Life cycle problems


Group 4 1200 x 3.2 x 90 mm Ply x 1 1200 x 42 x 18 mm Pine x 3


The first group made their beam like

a ladder, which is a relatively stable

structure. The several columns can

well carrying the pressure from the

top, transfer the load to the bottom

base. However, because of the

select of a thin ply wood as base,

their beam cracked only at the

pressure of 55 kg.

The second group also made their beam

like a ladder. But the difference is that they

lay the beam flat on the test machine. In this

case, the pressure come from the top will go

through the beam towards two base beam,

and better distribute the load. Therefore, the

structure cracked at the pressure of 330 kg.

The third group made a simple structure beam but very stable.

We can see the structure is cracked(at the pressure of 340 kg)

at the middle point of the beam and by observing the split we

can see the load is distributed equably.

My beam is the most stable one

due to the three combination of

the thick pine woods. It cracked at

the pressure of 470 kg. By looking

at the split, we can see the most

weakest point is the outermost

part which is separated by the thin

ply wood from other two pine


Ply wood, separate

The outermost part


Reference List:

Ashford, P. (2014). Constructing Environments. Collapses & failure, when things go

wrong. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yNEl-


Cameron, R. Constructing Environments. A tale of corrosion – the statue of liberty.

Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2IqhvAeDjlg&feature=youtu.be

Hes, D (2014). Constructing Environments. Heros and villains – a framework for

selecting materials. Retrieved from


Hutson, A. (2014). The pantheon: An Example of Early Roman Concrete. Retrieved

from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9aL6EJaLXFY&feature=youtu.be

Lewi, H. (2014). Constructing Environments. ‘Ghery’s House an Exploration of

Wrapping. Retrieved from


Lewis, M. (2014). Constructing Environments. Spanning Spaces. Retrieved from


Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environments. Composite Materials. Retrieved

from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uem1_fBpjVQ&feature=youtu.be

Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environments. Constructing detailing. Retrieved

from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yqVwAV7yJCI&feature=youtu.be

Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environments. Engineered Timber Products.

Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0YrYOGSwtVc&feature=youtu.be.


Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environments. Ferrous Metals and Alloys. Retrieved

from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SQy3IyJy-is&feature=youtu.be.

Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environments. From Wood to Timber. Retrieved from


Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environments. Lateral supports. Retrieved from



Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environments. Metals. Retrieved from


Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environments. Non-ferrous Metals and Alloys.

Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EDtxb7Pgcrw&feature=youtu.be.

Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environments. Spanning and Enclosing Spaces.

Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q5ms8vmhs50&feature=youtu.be.

Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environments. Timber Properties and Considerations.

Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ul0r9OGkA9c&feature=youtu.be.

Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environments. Wall Grids and Columns. Retrieved

from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vq41q6gUIjI&feature=youtu.be.

Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environment.

Footings and foundations. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PAcuwr


Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environment. Beams. Retrieved from https://app.lms




Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environment. Bricks. Retrieved from https://www.yo


Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environment. Concrete Blocks. Retrieved from http


Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environment. Concrete. Retrieved from https://www


Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environment. Floor and Framing Systems. Retrieve

d from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=otKffehOWaw&feature=youtu.be

Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environment. Geometry and Equilibrium. Retrieved f

rom https://app.lms.unimelb.edu.au/bbcswebdav/courses/ENVS10003_2014_SM1/


Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environment. In Situ Concrete. Retrieved from https


Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environment. Mansonry. Retrieved from https://ww


Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environment. Mass Construction. Retrieved from htt


Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environment. Pre-

cast concrete. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=scYY-


Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environment. Span and spacing. Retrieved from htt




Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environment. Stone. Retrieved from https://www.yo


Newton, C. (2014). Constructing Environment. Structural Elements. Retrieved from


Newton, C. (2014). Detailing for Heat and Moisture. Retrieved from https://www.yout


Newton, C. (2014). Glass. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_I0Jqc


Newton, C. (2014). Openings: Doors & Windows. Retrieved from https://www.youtub


Newton, C. (2014). Paints. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wryd


Newton, C. (2014). Plastic. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5pfnC


Newton, C. (2014). Rubber. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OPhj


Sader, J. (2014). 10>1: Something Glassy. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/