list of inventions & discoveries of india

Download List of Inventions & Discoveries of India

Post on 05-Apr-2018

216 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • 7/31/2019 List of Inventions & Discoveries of India

    1/30

    List of Indian inventions and discoveries by INDIA

    This list of Indian inventions and discoveries details the inventions, scientific discoveries and contributions of India,

    including both the ancient and Modern India.

    Architecture

    Astronomy

    Agricultural science

    Ayurveda Medicines, Treatment of Deases, Plastics Surgery

    Biology

    Botany

    Chemistry

    Physics

    Mathematics - Algebra Calculus Combinatorics

    Geometry - Logic Probability Statistics Trigonometry

    Geology

    Geophysics

    GeographyMineralogy

    Cartography

    Technology

    Social Science

    ===============

    Economics

    Social sciences

    Psychology

    Political science

    In Modern Time we have developed

    Automobile Engineering,

    Information Technology,

    Communications

  • 7/31/2019 List of Inventions & Discoveries of India

    2/30

    Knowing its knowledge

    Creation Time

    Calendar

    Astronomy

    Om - its meaning and significance Evolution

    Ayurveda

    Viccithra Janana - Unusual Birth

    Vimana - Ancient flying machine

    Metallurgy

    Chemistry - Rasayana

    Geography - Bhusastra

    Architecture

    Mathematics

    Warfare Engineering and Technology

    CREATION

    "An effort to understand the origins of this magnificient creation. An absolutely incrediblejourney to an event that no human or Go has had the opportunity to see."

    The urge to understand as to how this universe was created has been there for man from the verybeginning. Modern science has been asking this question as to how this Universe was created andhave tried to understand it in a scientific manner in the last couple of 100 years. Various civilisations

    the worldover have also asked this question and given answers in their own story form.

    The Indian scientific text the Veda and its other related texts like the Upanishad and other texts havenot only asked this question about creation but have also given detailed and scientific answers to thesame.

    In this subject capsule we look at these questions and their answers as given in the Indian texts. It isindeed amazing to know that the understanding of creation is not mentioned in passing in the Indiantexts, but is in fact, discussed in great detail. The concepts of creation is discussed in a whole rangeof texts like the

    Veda - 3100 BCE Upanishad - 3000 BCE 18 Purana Manu Smrithi Brhath Samhita - 5th century Samarangana Sutradara - 10th century

    From the above list we can see that the discussion on creation in India has not been a one off effortbut has been discussed regularly and repeatedly over the millennia and over the centuries. Some ofthe concepts used to discuss this creation are

    Nasadaya,

  • 7/31/2019 List of Inventions & Discoveries of India

    3/30

    Hiranya Garbha, Indra-Vrtra, Padmanabha, Om, the primordial sound, Lingam, the column of flame, Why lotus is used in the creation imagery, Panchabutha, the 5 step of creation from the subtle to gross, 108 - reasoning - sumuham, equilibrium required for creation to take place Narayana

    All these concepts, which are expressions of different aspects of creation, are discussed here, from ascientific perspective.

    This subject capsule brings clearly to our understanding that the questioning and awareness of howthe creation took place is not a new phenomena in modern science. The Indian Rishiscientists haverepeatedly asked this question and looked for credible answers over 5000 years back itself.

    These questions and answers as found in the Indian texts can now be confidently looked at today,understood in modern scientific parlance and more importantly used in the latest scientific researchto understand how creation took place.

    TIME

    "To understand an abstract concept in simple terms."

    The concept of Time is unique to India.

    While the West could think of time from an antiquity 6000 years to 6 Million years that too only in thelast couple of hundred years, India has had a concept of thousands of Yuga and Kalpa running into

    crores and crores of years.

    We frequently come across the terms Yuga, Kali yuga, Dwapara yuga, Treta yuga, and Krita yugacollectively called Chathur yuga leading on to Manvantra, Kalpa, Brahma dina, Brahma masa,Brahma varsha and finally Parardha.

    The Time span associated with each of the above terminologies is huge, mind boggling and henceseem confounding.

    In this capsule an effort is made to understand them not a just abstract figures of enormous timespan but as astronomical events and their measure which these terminologies and their time spanactually denote.

    1. The calculation of Yuga which is an alignment of all the planets of the solar system inconjunction with the star Ashwini in the mesham Aries constellation.

    2. The time span of each yuga

    Kali yuga 4,32,000

  • 7/31/2019 List of Inventions & Discoveries of India

    4/30

    Dwapara yuga 8,64,000

    Treta yuga 12,96,000

    Krita yuga 17,28,000

    ----------

    Chathur Yuga 43,20,000

    ----------

    From the above, it is clear that 4,32,000 is 1 Unit of Time.

    What is the sanctity, more importantly the scientific reasoning behind this 1 unit of time being4,32,000 earth years.

    1. Manvantra -14 of them in number, their names.

    This is the time taken for the sun to complete its revolution around the center of its galaxy.

    2. Kalpa - 30 of them in number, their names.

    One Kalpa is the life span of our Sun Surya

    One Kalpa is also the time taken for one complete revolution of the farthest star in our galaxy.

    3. Similarly, the understanding of Brahma Dina, Brahma Masa, Brahma Varsha and Parardha asastronomical events.

    How is it possible for Brahma to have such large earth years, as their day, month, year andlife span? This intrigue is explained with visuals, as to how our ancients understood thevariable concept of Time in space, in different loka, namely other inhabited worlds of theuniverse.

    4. The concept of Pancha mandala and its astronomical significance.o Chandra mandalao Prithvi mandalao Surya mandalao Paramesthi mandalao Swayambhuva mandala

    Scientific explanation of the same which is corroborated by modern astronomical research is

    discussed with visual details.

    5. Dailysankalpais the concept of time keeping, from a cosmic calender to a geo- calendar.

    In all, the scientific nature of time as understood and practiced even today by Indians, can beseen and appreciated visually.

    Where did they get this knowledge of time?

    http://www.bharathgyan.com/chandra.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/chandra.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/prithvi.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/prithvi.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/surya.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/surya.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/param.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/param.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/swayam.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/swayam.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/sankalp.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/sankalp.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/sankalp.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/sankalp.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/swayam.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/param.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/surya.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/prithvi.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/chandra.htm
  • 7/31/2019 List of Inventions & Discoveries of India

    5/30

    Our ancients concept of time and the modern concepts of time and space seem to match wellnot just with the calculation of elapsed time, but also the concepts of measurements viz a vizspace and its evolution

    Kali the goddess, Shakthi is shown as dancing on or along with Shiva who is also called asMaha Kaleshwar. Kali is refered to as the energy of time. Taking this view further,being amazed at the specific astronomical knowledge and the movements of astral bodieswhich were measured in the form of Time, could there a 4th dimension which has lead to thisknowledge.

    Kali - the energy of time could well represent this 4th dimenstion.

    CALENDAR

    "Perhaps controversial to start with but futuristic in approach"

    In this subject capsule, we question the scientific nature of the Gregorian calendar that we arefollowing now.

    Similar to this, there are a variety of calendars being used in different parts of the world.

    http://www.bharathgyan.com/kali.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/kali.htmhttp://www.bharathgyan.com/kali.htm
  • 7/31/2019 List of Inventions & Discoveries of India

    6/30

    Almost all these calendars have their origins to a particular earthly event or the birth of a Divine orNoble person.

    With this civilization and the world going scientific, can we depend on a medieval calendar in thefuture?

    We are on the verge of entering the space age.

    Can any of these present calendars be used in the coming space age as a space age calendar?

    In this subject capsule, we offer the Indian Sankalpa calendar, as a credible alternative for this worldas it enters the scientific age and in space age usage.

    ASTRONOMY

    The knowledge of astronomy is one field that India has excelled in.

    Dirghatama is considered to be the Ist Astronomer/ observer as per Indian tradition.

    The word for astronomy in the Indian text isJyotisha. The termJyotisha is also used to indicateastrology. The termJyotisha is drawn from the samskrit wordJothito mean a luminous body.

    Astrology Vs Astronomy:

  • 7/31/2019 List of Inventions & Discoveries of India

    7/30

    Astrology is a predictive area of the work dealing only with the zodiac belt of the stars and the transitof the sun, moon and the five plane