instructional differentiation strategies
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DESCRIPTIONInstructional Differentiation Strategies. What happens at LSMS when a student already knows what is being taught?. Being Smart is… Being Smart Means… discussion. To me being smart is, being smart means…. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Instructional Differentiation StrategiesWhat happens at LSMS when a student already knows what is being taught?
Being Smart is Being Smart Means discussionTo me being smart is, being smart means
To me being smart is, being smart meanshaving a good knowledge of whatever subject, like math or science. Those are the common concepts that people see, that one could be smart in. Smart could also means knowing what to do in a certain situation. Being smart may also mean that youre not smart in a subject at all; it may mean that you think rationally or logically before you make decisions, drastic or wondrous. I think if one is smart, then they have a duty to make a change in the society. To use that knowledge and make a better life. Smart means to think. Not necessarily about smart stuff, just to think.
LSMS Student 2/15/2011
Excerpts From Annotated Educational History of A Lone Star Student
Excerpts From Annotated Educational History of A Lone Star Student
Parental QuestionsFebruary 2010What do we do for the Child? How do we help him excel? How do we provide a learning environment where he can succeed and not drive his teachers completely insane? How do we teach him accountability while encouraging and applauding creativity and intellectual abilities? How do we motivate the Child?
Our focus for today will be on these two Whatever it Takes questions
What do we want LSMS students to know and be able to do?What happens at LSMS when a student already knows what is being taught?
Why Differentiation?We learn more by looking for the answer and not finding it than we do from learning the answer itself. Lloyd AlexanderStudents are more diverse than everculturally, emotionally, economically, physically, and intellectuallyThe public wants educators to be held accountable for students success, no matter their circumstances.Our students must be prepared to compete in the global economy, which requires an increasing level of knowledge and skills.Mental dexterity is the new currency. A countrys most important exports include its citizens ability to innovate and solve problems. Today students must learnt how to continually manage, critique, and increase their knowledge. To cultivate these capacities in all students, including those who are ready to move beyond the regular education standards, we will need to expand and adapt our own practices as well.Wormeli
12 Instructional Differentiation Strategies Survey
DoingOpen-Ended Tasks: flexible learning activities determined by the teacher that encourage multiple responses; more than one way to approach the task, more than one correct response is possible with multiple formats to scaffold diverse responses from students. Require high-level thinking and provide a rubric before the activity is presented to discuss what a success looks like.
Creative Problem Solving ScenariosDOVE Brainstorm Rule (See At the Dig)Polyas Problem Solving MethodSCAMPERMTIJason Project Journey to San Francisco
DOVE At the Dig
PROBLEM SOLVING STRATEGIES FROM GEORGE POLYA
George Polya (1887 1985) was one of the most famous mathematics educators of the 20th century (so famous that you probably never even heard of him). Dr. Polya strongly believed that the skill of problem solving could and should be taught it is not something that you are born with. He identifies four principles that form the basis for any serious attempt at problem solving:1. Understand the problem2. Devise a plan3. Carry out the plan4. Look back (reflect)
SCAMPER is based on the notion that everything new is a modification of something that already exists. Each letter in the acronym represents a different way you can play with the characteristics of what is challenging you to trigger new ideas:S = Substitute C = Combine A = Adapt M = Magnify P = Put to Other Uses E = Eliminate (or Minify) R = Rearrange (or Reverse)To use the SCAMPER technique, first state the problem youd like to solve or the idea youd like to develop. It can be anything: a challenge in your personal life or business; or maybe a product, service or process you want to improve. After pinpointing the challenge, its then a matter of asking questions about it using the SCAMPER checklist to guide you.Consider, for instance, the problem "How can I increase sales in my business?"Following the SCAMPER recipe, here are a few questions you could ask:S (Substitute): "What can I substitute in my selling process?" C (Combine): "How can I combine selling with other activities?" A (Adapt): "What can I adapt or copy from someone elses selling process?" M (Magnify): "What can I magnify or put more emphasis on when selling?" P (Put to Other Uses): "How can I put my selling to other uses?" E (Eliminate): "What can I eliminate or simplify in my selling process?" R (Rearrange): "How can I change, reorder or reverse the way I sell?"
Thinking and Inquiry: use of questioning techniques that structure and focus students high-level thinking; learning experiences that encourage students to think and process at high levels. Use these questioning strategies to structure and focus students high-level thinking: classification, comparative reasons, inquiry, inference, synthesis, evaluative reasoning.
Blooms Revised TaxonomyHOTS/LOTSIndividual Learning Contracts with student constructed investigative questions
DoingStudent Self-Assessment: students routinely analyze their achievement and works-in-progress to monitor their changes as learners and set goals for continue achievements; achievement is a collaborative task in which each stake-holder provides feedback. By teaching students how to reflect on their work, we are teaching them how to set goals. Strategies include ongoing investigative conversations and questioning, captions and reflective statements, metacognitive questions, summaries, inventories, interviews, and open-ended devices.Self-EvaluationPeer EvaluationThink AloudsWritten ExplanationsGuided Reflections
GroupingFlexible Grouping: grouping in response to student needs including interest, age, readiness, i.e. whole class instruction, mixed-readiness (heterogeneous) small groups, similar-readiness (homogeneous) small groups, individual work. Responds to students diversity by recognizing that no single group placement matches all of a students needs; varied approaches necessary for differentiation.
Using Excel to sort and groupWho Are you Sailing WithAsynchronistic DevelopmentDual Exceptionalities
MythSmart kids are good at everything they do.RealitySome smart students are good at many things; others are exceptionally able at only a few things. Some smart students are also learning disabled, which means that they might not be very good at schoolwork. Some smart students have dual exceptionalities. 12-year-old Percy Jackson isn't just the Medusa-fighting son of Poseidon. He also struggles with dyslexia and ADHD.
MythSmart kids are equally mature in all areas-academic, physical, social, and emotional.RealityThat would be convenient, but its not a reasonable expectation. It is also not fair that just because someone is advanced intellectually, he or she will lag behind in other developmental areas.
Knowing and DoingGrade and Subject AreaMost of you are already differentiating in your classroom. Share with the class which of the 12 strategies you are using and how you implement them. After sharing with the class take 10 minutes to discuss with your group ways you might do more differentiation.Check out some resources that might help you differentiate for smart students.
The value of an authentic audience and a real purposeAs a group discuss the value of authentic audiences and share examples of successful differentiated learning projects
Egyptian Wax MuseumNHD ProjectIntroduction to TechnologyLeadership Presentations
What is the Least Restrictive Environment?Regular classrooms are geared toward the "Twos", children in the average range of abilityFor "Ones", there are many programs offered to help them keep up with their age peers.The amount of work expected of these children is adjustedThey are given them extra time to complete assignments The content is geared to their needs and interestsTheir learning styles are targetedTeachers work with parents and colleagues to learn strategies and methods to help the child learn better and more efficiently (Winebrenner, 2001). Are these changes in programming considered elitist? Are we giving them unfair advantage over the other children in the class? The bell curve demonstrates the IQ scores and percentage of students at each level.
What is the Least Restrictive Environment? Given that gifted children ("Threes") are as far from the average as the "Ones", why does society resist offering them alternatives equal to those offered to Ones "The level, pacing, amount, and type of learning activities that benefit average learners are as inappropriate for [gifted students] as they are for students who are working significantly below grade-level expectations" (Winebrenner, 2001, p.3).We already offer many special programs to students with special talents. It is not unusual to see students in a school who dress differently, have exclusive field trips, have special teachers and whose awards are displayed for all to see as a matter of course in a school. These athletes are consistently receiving special benefits due to an inborn talent that they possess (Winebrenner, 2001). Why is it then, that society often resents providing similar programs (which are probably less costly) for children who are intellectually gifted?
How do you see the smart students