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  • New Yearisthetimeatwhichanewcalendaryearbeginsandthecalendarsyearcountisincremented.Inmanycultures,theeventiscelebratedinsomemanner.
  • ValentinesDay-isobservedonFebruary14eachyear.TodayValentinesDayiscelebratedinmanycountriesaroundtheworld,mostlyintheWest,althoughitremainsaworkingdayinallofthem.
  • WomansDay- originally calledInternational WorkingWomens Day,ismarked onMarch8every year.Indifferent regionsthefocusof thecelebrations rangesfromgeneralcelebrationofrespect,appreciationandlove towardswomentoa celebrationfor womenseconomic, politicalandsocial achievements.
  • EasterisaChristianfestivalandholidaycelebratingtheresurrectionofJesusChristonthethirddayafterhiscrucifixionatCalvaryasdescribedintheNewTestament.EasterisprecededbyLent,aforty-dayperiodoffasting,prayer,andpenance.
  • FathersDayisacelebrationhonoringfathersandcelebrating fatherhood,paternalbonds,andtheinfluenceoffathersin society.ManycountriescelebrateitonthethirdSundayof June,butitisalsocelebratedwidelyonotherdays.Fathers DaycomplementsMothersDay,acelebrationthat honorsmothersandmotherhood.
  • AllSaintsDay.oftenshortenedtoAllSaints,isasolemnitycelebratedon1Novemberbyparts ofWesternChristianity,andonthefirstSundayafterPentecostinEasternChristianity,inhonour ofallthesaints,knownandunknown.Inthe WesterncalendaritisthedayafterHalloween andthedaybeforeAllSoulsDay.
  • TheprocessofrestorationofPolandsindependencewasgradual;thedatechosenistheoneonwhichJzefPisudskiassumedcontrolofPoland.TheIndependenceDaywasconstitutedin1937andwascelebratedonlytwicebeforeWorldWarII.InthePeoplesRepublicofPoland(PRL)thenationalholidaywasmovedtoJuly22thedaythePKWNManifestowasissued.In1989theIndependenceDaywasmovedbacktoNovember11.
  • isanannualcommemorationofthebirthofJesusChrist,celebratedgenerallyonDecember25asa religiousandculturalholidaybybillionsof peoplearoundtheworld.Afeastcentralto theChristianliturgicalyear,itclosestheAdventseasonandinitiatesthetwelvedaysof Christmastide.
  • PolandisacountryinCentralEuropewithanareaof312,679square kilometres(120,726sqmi),andmostlytemperateclimate.Generallyspeaking,PolandisanalmostunbrokenplainreachingfromtheBalticSeain thenorth,totheCarpathianMountainsinthesouth.Withinthatplain,terrainvariationsruninbandseasttowest.TheBalticcoasthastwonaturalharbors, thelargeroneintheGdask-Gdyniaregion,andasmallerone nearSzczecininthefarnorthwest.Thenortheasternregionalsoknown asMasurianLakeDistrictwithmorethan2,000lakes,isdenselywooded, sparselypopulatedandlacksagriculturalandindustrialresources.
  • Thecountryextends876kilometersfromnorthtosouthand689 kilometersfromeasttowest,atanareaof564,5897square kilometersincludinginlandwaters.Theaverageelevationis173meters,andonly3%ofPolishterritory,alongthesouthernborder,ishigherthan500meters.ThehighestelevationisMountRysy,which rises2,499metersintheTatraRangeoftheCarpathians,95 kilometerssouthofKrakw.About60squarekilometersalong theGulfofGdaskarebelowsealevel.Polandistraditionally dividedintofivetopographiczonesfromnorthtosouth.
  • NearlyallofPolandisswirlednorthwardintotheBalticSeaby theVistula,theOder,andthetributariesofthesetwomajor rivers.AbouthalfthecountryisdrainedbytheVistula,which originatesintheTatraMountainsinfarsouth-centralPoland. TheVistulaBasinincludesmostoftheeasternhalfofthecountryandisdrainedbyasystemofriversthatmainlyjointhe Vistulafromtheeast.Oneofthetributaries,theBug,defines 280kilometersofPolandseasternborderwithUkraineand Belarus.
  • Polandslong-termandshort-termweatherpatternsaremade transitionalandvariablebythecollisionofdiverseairmassesabovethecountryssurface.MaritimeairmovesacrossWestern Europe,ArcticairsweepsdownfromtheNorthAtlanticOcean, andsubtropicalairarrivesfromtheSouthAtlanticOcean. AlthoughtheArcticairdominatesformuchoftheyear,its conjunctionwithwarmercurrentsgenerallymoderates temperaturesandgeneratesconsiderableprecipitation,clouds, andfog.Whenthemoderatinginfluencesarelacking,wintertemperaturesinmountainvalleysmaydroptoaminimumof20 C(4F).
  • Polish cuisine(Polish:kuchnia polska)isastyleofcookingandfoodpreparationoriginatingfromPoland.Ithasevolvedoverthecenturiesduetohistoricalcircumstances.PolishnationalcuisinesharessomesimilaritieswithotherCentralEuropeanandEasternEuropeantraditionsaswellasFrenchandItaliansimilarities.Itisrichinmeat,especiallypork,chickenandbeef(dependingontheregion)andwintervegetables(cabbageinthedishbigos),andspices.
  • TraditionalChristmasEvesupper calledWigiliaismeatless,usually consistsofbarszcz(borscht) withuszka(smalldumplings)a classicPolishChristmasEvestarter,followedbyfriedcarp,carpfilletorcod withapple&leeksfreshsalad,carp inaspicetc.traditionallycarp(friedor Jewishstyle)providesamaincomponentoftheChristmasEvemeal acrossPoland.
  • FatThursdayisaCatholicfeastcelebratedonthelastThursdaybeforetheLent,whichisalsothelastdayofcarnival. Traditionallyitisanoccasiontoenjoyfair amountsofsweetsandcakeswhich afterwardsaretechnicallyforbiddenuntil Easter."TustyCzwartek"belongsto moveablefeasts,asitisconnectedwith thedateofEasterandbeginningoftheLent.ThenextThursdayfallsalreadyafter AshWednesdaythatistheperiodofthe LentwhentheCatholicsshouldrefrain fromovereating.
  • AtypicalEasterBreakfastoftenconsistsofcold-cutsservedwithhorseradishsauceandbeetsalads,breads,bigos,urek,kiebasa,smokedsalmonorherring,marinatedvegetablesalads,Eastersalad-(choppedboiledeggs,greenpeas,cwika,carrot,apple,potato,parsleyandmayonnaise)coffee,teaandcakes,i.e.chocolatecake,makowiec,mazurek,sernik,etc
  • TheBalticSeasideisabrackish mediterraneansealocatedinNorthernEurope.TheBalticSeais oneoftheyoungestseasoftheAtlanticOcean.Itisapproximately 12thousandyearsold.TheBalticSeaissurroundedbylandfromallsides.ThesurfaceoftheBalticSea is392979km.Theseasvolume is21721km.Theaveragedepth is52,3m,whilethemaximum depthis459m.
  • TheTatraMountainsareamountainrangewhichformsanaturalborder betweenSlovakiaandPoland,andarethehighestmountainrangein theCarpathianMountains.IntheTatrastherearemanywell-knownpeaks.The mostrecognizableinclude KasprowyWierch, Giewont,Kocielec winiceandWolowiec
  • Masuriaisfamousforits lakesandforests, offeringawiderangeof outdooractivitiesfrom sailingtokayakingand swimming.Theregionincludesthelargestlake inPolandcalled niardwy.
  • SilesiaisaregionintheSouthofPolandwhichisfamousforitsmines.Onemayfindalotofmines,inwhichcarbonisminedaswellassalt.TherearealsomanyfactoriesinSilesia.Therefore,thisregionisabitpolluted.However,therearealotoffantasticplaces,whichyoucanvisit. Surface- 12 333,51 km Population- 4 654 115
  • Capital WarsawLanguage PolishCurrency PLNPopulation 38 200 037 mlnSurface 312 679 km
  • WarsawisanAlpha-globalcity,amajor internationaltouristdestinationandan importanteconomichubinCentral Europe.Itisalsoknownasthe "phoenixcity"becauseithassurvived manywarsthroughoutitshistory.Most notably,thecityhadtobepainstakingly rebuiltaftertheextensivedamageit sufferedfromWorldWarII,duringwhich90%ofitsbuildingsweredestroyed.On9 November1940thecitywasawarded Polandshighestmilitarydecorationforheroism,theVirtutiMilitari,fortheSiegeof Warsaw(1939).
  • ThecityhasgrownfromaStoneAgesettlementtoPolandssecondmostimportantcity.ItbeganasahamletonWawelHillandwasalreadybeingreportedasabusytradingcentreofSlavonicEuropein965.WiththeestablishmentofnewuniversitiesandculturalvenuesattheemergenceoftheSecondPolishRepublicin1918andthroughoutthe20thcentury,Krakwreaffirmeditsroleasamajornationalacademicandartisticcentre.Thecityhasapopulationofapproximately760,000whereasabout8millionpeoplelivewithina100kmradiusofitsmainsquare.
  • dfirstappearsinthe writtenrecordina1332 documentgivingthe villageofodziatothebishopsofWocawek.In 1423KingWadysaw Jagieograntedcity rightstothevillage ofd.Fromthenuntilthe18thcenturythetown remainedasmall settlementonatraderoutebetweenMasoviaa ndSilesia.Inthe16th centurythetownhad fewerthan800 inhabitants,mostly workingonthenearby grainfarms.
  • Presentationmadeby:-JakubKlimek-FabianSkupie