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  • Eskiflehir Yunus Emre Sufi Music Festival, which is taking place this year for the firsttime, is part of the Eskiflehir International Yunus Emre Culture and Art Week and issponsored by the Governorship of Eskiflehir.

    Eskiflehir has been home to many cultures since the dawn of human history. It was alsothe city of the great Sufi poet Yunus Emre, one of the founders of Anatolian Sufismalong with two other contemporary figures, Mevlana Jelaladdin Rumi and Haci Bektash.

    This Festival, named after Yunus Emre, aims to introduce Sufi musical traditions andto implement mutual understanding and interaction between Muslim communities tothe fullest level. Additionally, Yunus Emre Sufi Music Festival seeks to emphasize theunparalleled diversity Sufi traditions gained through cultural cross-pollination with localcultures in various regions throughout history. In this first year of the Festival, it is alsointended to emphasize musicality of "zikir" tradition as a vocal art form and stress onthe significance of women in Sufi traditions.

    This event is prepared with the ambition and hope that it will continue as a reputablefestival in the future.

    Eskiflehir Yunus Emre Sufi Music Festival Organization Committee

    Mehmet Kllar (Governor of Eskiflehir, Head of Eskiflehir Yunus Emre Foundation forCulture, Art and Tourism )

    Nurullah Naci Kalkanc (Deputy Governor)

    Soner fienel (Mahmudiye Provincial Governor, Director of Eskiflehir Yunus Emre Foundationfor Culture, Art and Tourism)

    Ali Osman Gl (Director, Eskiflehir Provincial Directorate of Culture and Tourism)

    Dr. Timuin evikolu (Ministry of Culture Artist, Festival Artistic Director)

    ESKfiEHR YUNUS EMREULUSLARARASI TASAVVUF MZKLER FESTVAL

    INTERNATIONAL SUFI MUSIC FESTIVAL02-07 Mays / May 2011

    EskiflehirInternationalYunus EmreCulture andArt Weekwww.yunusemre.gov.trwww.yunusemrefest.com

  • Gnawa music mixes classical Islamic Sufism with pre-Islamic African traditions, whetherlocal or sub-Saharan. As Islam spread through North Africa, it also incorporated manyolder beliefs and traditions of the region. In this respect, the practices of Gnawa havestriking similarities to possession and healing rituals of former Animist rites where fastpaced, rhythmic music and acrobatic dances were used to create a hypnotic trancestate. The Gnawa ritual meeting is called derdeba. Similar to many other Sufi rituals,the music played during derdeba is very repetitive. The main instrument is guembri(also called sintir, tidinit or hajhuj in different regions) played by the leader, called themaalem (master musician) in the vernacular. Large, metal cymbals called krakebs andvarious drums called tbel are played by the accompanists. They also repeat the maalem'slines, thereby serving as a chorus.

    Born in 1961, Maalem Hamid el Kasri comes from a family of long line of Gnawa musiciansfrom the town of Ksar el-Kebir (hence the nickname Kasri) in northern Morocco. He wasinitiated to this music at an early age in his family and later became not only a masterof this style but also a virtuoso on the guembri. He has performed all over the worldat a variety of occasions and festivals.

    Gnawa

    Malem Hamid el KasriMOROCCO

    Monday, May 2nd 2011ESKfiEHR YUNUS EMREULUSLARARASI TASAVVUF MZKLER FESTVALINTERNATIONAL SUFI MUSIC FESTIVAL02-07 Mays / May 2011

    EskiflehirInternationalYunus EmreCulture andArt Weekwww.yunusemre.gov.trwww.yunusemrefest.com

  • Mayotte is an island in the Comorros Archipelago, a set of islands between ContinentalAfrica and Madagascar. Islam was first introduced to the Comorros with the arrival ofArab navigators voyaging between the islands and the mainland. The encounter betweenthe local Bantu civilization and Arab civilization gave birth to the Swahili culture.

    Debaa is a Muslim cultural practice in Mayotte, that is exclusively feminine, a mixtureof music and dance based on Qasida. It has become an occasion to rejoice and sharemoments of happiness for women. Adorned in their most beautiful jewelry and wearingtheir best robes, women perform with movements of the head and the arms thatcorrespond to very elegant figures.

    The themes of debaa are those of mystic poems, such as: the invocation of Allah,glorifying the Prophet, the praise of saintly men, reminders of ethically moral behavior,love, et cetera. These same poems are accompanied on drums and declaimed duringcommemorative ceremonies of the Mawlid, the birth of the Prophet.

    The ensemble Deba, carrying the same name as the tradition they put on stage, consistsof 13 female musicians from Mayotte. They had a pioneering role in making this traditionknown as a musical from around the world.

    Deba

    DebaMAYOTTE

    Tuesday, May 3rd 2011ESKfiEHR YUNUS EMREULUSLARARASI TASAVVUF MZKLER FESTVALINTERNATIONAL SUFI MUSIC FESTIVAL02-07 Mays / May 2011

    EskiflehirInternationalYunus EmreCulture andArt Weekwww.yunusemre.gov.trwww.yunusemrefest.com

  • Qawwali is a musical form developed to convey religious message through music withthe intention of achieving closeness to God by creating a state of trance. The texts areusually chosen from the poetry of sufi masters and they commonly deal with conceptslike divine love (ishq), the sorrow of separation (hijr, firaq) and the union (visal). Theqawwal often dwell on one phrase or sentence, indicating both the obvious and hiddencontent by emphasizing and repeating various words and syllables, taking the audienceinto the discovery of hitherto not obvious meanings. Sentences are repeated until allthe meaning is exhausted and words becomes meaningless. It is often this element thattranscends linguistic barriers. At this point, qawwal speaks not through the words butthrough the universal language of music which in this case is characterized by strongvoices and a rhythm getting faster and faster as listeners get closer to the state oftrance.As it is performed today, a Qawwali ensemble usually consists of 9-12 men including alead singer, one or two side singers, one or two harmoniums, and a percussion, usuallytabla. Music begins gently and builds steadily to a very high energy level. Qawwali songsare classified according to the content of the poetry.The music of Mehr Ali & Sher Ali Qawwal Ensemble has its origins with the Talvandiclassical school of Hindustani music. Ustad (Master) Mehr Ali and Ustad Sher Ali wereborn in the Pakistani border-town of Kasur in the early 1950s and received their earliertraining in classical music from their father. Their father then became the disciple ofFateh Ali Khan, the father of the famous Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan. Mehr Ali and Sher Alithus acknowledge the family of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan as their "Ustad Gharan" or "TeacherHouse", a term imbued with veneration among musician circles in Pakistan and NorthIndia.

    Qawwali

    Mehr Ali &Sher Ali QawwalPAKISTAN

    ESKfiEHR YUNUS EMREULUSLARARASI TASAVVUF MZKLER FESTVALINTERNATIONAL SUFI MUSIC FESTIVAL02-07 Mays / May 2011

    EskiflehirInternationalYunus EmreCulture andArt Weekwww.yunusemre.gov.trwww.yunusemrefest.com

    Wednesday, May 4th 2011

  • Sufi Music & Dances

    Sanggar Seni SeulaweuetINDONESIA

    ESKfiEHR YUNUS EMREULUSLARARASI TASAVVUF MZKLER FESTVALINTERNATIONAL SUFI MUSIC FESTIVAL02-07 Mays / May 2011

    EskiflehirInternationalYunus EmreCulture andArt Weekwww.yunusemre.gov.trwww.yunusemrefest.com

    In addition to its unique blend of local, Indian, Chinese and Islamic influences,the extraordinarily diverse society of Indonesia is also home to the world'slargest Muslim population. Although it is widespread throughout thearchipelago, the heart of Islamic culture is the island of Sumatra, andespecially the Aceh province in the North. Due to the diverse cultureinherited from the Hindu-Buddhist era as well as many elements of localtradition, Islam in Indonesia has developed a rich and colorful accent.

    In Aceh, there are several dances and songs, like Seudati, Tari Saman andRapai Geleng. These are performed at different occasions or rituals.Although there are differences between them, they all originate from zikir,the Islamic meditative prayer. They share certain traits like call-responsestyle of singing, repetitive songs and an increasing rhythmic speed. Alsostriking is the similarity of these traditions to the local non-Islamic traditionssuch as the Gamelan. Both styles are mainly percussive and performed bylarge ensembles. In addition, in Gamelan as well as styles originating fromzikir, different parts are played and/or sung by sub-groups in the ensemble.The whole of the ensemble, creating together, establishes the music.

    Hailing from Aceh, Sanggar Seni Seulaweuet, led by Said Rahmat, is dedicatedto the preservation and dissemination of Acehnese traditional music anddance. They seek to create and increase awareness both in Indonesia andabroad. Having performed at a variety of occasions in Malaysia, China, USAand Turkey, the group is also a school for Acehnese youth to learn the richculture of the region. Joining the festival with 18 musicians and dancers,this group will present several different dances of the region.

    Wednesday, May 2th 2011

    Thursday, May 5th 2011

  • The essence of Persian classical music can perhaps best be traced in the mystical poetryof Iran. Throughout the long history of Iran, Iranians have expressed their philosophicaland artistic understanding of the world through poetry and music. The Dastgh systemof Persian classical music, Radif, is developed based on the meter of Persian poetry inan abstract way to accompany and help shed light on the mystical world of poetry. IfGhazal is the crown jewel of Persian poetry forms, music based on the Radif is the bestform to bring out the mystery of the Ghazal. Phrases in the Persian Classical Music weredeveloped to best conve

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