emperor akbar

Download Emperor Akbar

Post on 07-Feb-2016

126 views

Category:

Documents

2 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Emperor Akbar. The Mughal ruler. Who was Akbar?. Akbar, also known as Akbar the Great or Akbar 1, was Mughal Emperor from 1556 until his death. He was the third and greatest ruler of the Mughal Dynasty in India. Born:  October 14, 1542, Umerkot , Pakistan. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

TRANSCRIPT

Emperor Akbar

Emperor AkbarThe Mughal ruler.

Who was Akbar?Akbar, also known as Akbar the Great or Akbar 1, was Mughal Emperor from 1556 until his death. He was the third and greatest ruler of the Mughal Dynasty in India.Born:October 14, 1542,Umerkot , Pakistan.Died:October 27, 1605,Fatehpur Sikri.Full name:Abu'l-Fath Jalal ud-din Muhammad Akbar Spouse : mariam-uz-zamaniParents :Humayun , hamada banu begum Sibling : mirza Muhammad hakim

At the age of 13 , after his father , Humayun , when he had to become the king ,he was helped by his tutor , Bairam khan.

How did Akbar unite the Mughal empire?

Akbar the Great united the Mughal Empire by bringing the enjoyment of cultural progress to India. He also made economic progress. This brought alliances with Hindu Rajput kingdoms.

Akbar as a ruler.Akbar was a kind and just ruler he looked after his people well. He often disguised himself to checked if the people were happy. Akbar was fond of music and respected poets.

Akbar's conquestsAkbar wanted to expand his empire and bring the whole of India under his control. He fought the rajputs in the north of India. He also defeated the rulers of Malawa , Gondwana ,Chittor , Rathambhor , Gujarat , Bihar , Bengal and Mewar.

Places Akbar buildAkbar built a number of beautiful buildings including the Fatehpur Sikri.

Fatehpur sikriFatehpur Sikri is a city and a municipal board in Agra district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. The city was founded in 1569 by the Mughal emperor Akbar, and served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585.

Diwan-i-khasThe Diwan-i-Khas, or Hall of Private Audiences, in the Red Fort of Delhi was the place where the Mughal emperor received courtiers and state guests. It was also known as the Shah Mahal.

Diwan-i-amTheDiwan-i-Am, or Hall of Audience, located in theRed Fortof Delhi was where theMughal emperorShah Jahan(1628-1658) and his successors received members of the general public and heard their grievances.

Akbar the GreatBorn on October 15, 1542 in Umarkot, India, and enthroned at age 14, Akbar the Great began his military conquests under the tutelage of a regent before claiming imperial power and expanding the Mughal Empire. Known as much for his inclusive leadership style as for his war mongering, Akbar ushered in an era of religious tolerance and appreciation for the arts. Akbar the Great died in 1605.Akbar's administrationAkbar was a efficient ruler. he set down laws and helped people get justice. He set up an excellent administrative system. He divided his empire into smaller parts called subas. Each suba was ruled by a governor and was further divided into paraganas. A number of villages formed a paragana.Akbars momHamida Banu Begum was Akbar's mother and was born in 1527 to Shaikh Ali Akbar Jami, a Persianshia, and a friend andpreceptorto Mughal princeHindal Mirza, the youngest son of the first Mughal EmperorBabur. Ali Akbar Jami was also known as Mir Baba Dost, who belonged to the lineage of Ahmad Jami Zindafil

Akbar s dadHumayun was the secondMughal emperorwho ruled a large territory consisting of what is nowAfghanistan,Pakistan, and parts of northernIndiafrom 15301540 and again from 15551556. Like his father,Babur, he lost his kingdom early, but withPersianaid, he eventually regained an even larger one. On the eve of his death in 1556, the Mughal empirespanned almost one million square km.Akbar's brother Muhammad Hakim was the second son ofMughal emperor Humayun. He ruled over Kabul and often conflicted with his elder brother emperorAkbar. Mirza hakim was one of the favourite brother of emperor Akbar. Akbar cared for him a lot.

Akbar's sisterBakshi Banuwas a Mughal princess as the second daughter of EmperorHumayun from his wife Gunwar Bibi. She was also the granddaughter of Emperor Babur, the founder of the Mughal empire and the first Mughal Emperor, as well as the olderhalf-sisterof the third Mughal EmperorAkbar.Akbar's wifelist

Ruqaiya Sultan BegumSalima Sultan BegumMariam-uz-ZamaniAkbar's wifeMariam-uz-Zamani (October 1, 1542 May 19, 1623) was an Empress of theMughal empire. She was the wife of Mughalemperor Akbar.She was his first and chiefRajputwife,and the mother of the nextMughal king , Jahangir , and grandmother of the following Mughal EmperorShah Jahan.Akbar's wifeRuqaiya Sultan Begum was an Empress of theMughal Empire. She was the first wife of Emperor Akbar.She was also the longest serving Mughal empress having a tenure of over 49 years.Akbar's wifeSalima Sultan Begum was anEmpressof theMughal Empireas a wife of EmperorAkbar. Salima had been previously married toBairam Khanand after his murder in 1561, she was subsequently married by herfirst cousin, the Emperor Akbar.Thank you !

Marks!