elements and principles of design through textiles and fashion

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Elements and Principles of Design

Elements and Principles of DesignThrough Textiles and Fashion Elements of design

Design elements are the basic units of a visual image.Line, Colour, Texture, Shape and Value are the elements of design for Fashion and Textile Design.

Line Lines have several aspects including direction, thickness, sharpness, and length. They can be straight, zigzag, or curved.

ColourPrimary Colours

The three primary colours are red, yellow and blue. These are the base.

Secondary Colours

Mix two primary colours together and youll get a secondary colour.

Tertiary Colours

Mix together a primary and a secondary and youll end up with a tertiary colour

Complimentary colours are opposite each other on the colour wheel. Complementary pairs share no commoncoloursWhy is it important in design?

Complimentary colours POP OUT against each other, creating contrast

Tints = Colours with white added

Shades = Colours with black added

Monochromatic coloursare all thecolours(tints and shades) of a single hue.

Analogous colours are beside each other on the colour wheel

TextureThere are two types of textureVisual andTactile

Visual textureIt is the way the surface of an object looks like it feels.It may look rough, fizzy, but cannot actually be felt.

Tactile texturesIt is the way the surface of an object actually feels.

ShapeIt is a self contained defined area of geometric or organic form.


Value is the lightness or darkness of a colour.

Principles of design

The principles of design govern the relationships of the elements used and organize the composition as a whole.The principles of design for Fashion and Textiles consist of:Balance, Harmony, Emphasis, Proportion, Rhythm/Movement.

Balance Balanceis arranging elements so that no one part of a work overpowers, or seems heavier than any other part.It can be either symmetrical or asymmetrical.It can be achieved by the location of object, volume or size and also by colours.


HarmonyHarmony is achieved through the balance of variety and unity.Color harmony may be achieved using complementary or analogous colors.Harmony is usually visually pleasing.

Batik (a technique ofwax-resistdyeingapplied to whole a cloth, traditionally practiced in South Asian countries) EmphasisIt is dominance or a concentration of interest in one area of a design as the centre of attention. (attracts a focal point)

ProportionProportion is the design principle concerned with the relation of the size of the part to the whole and to each other.It includes height, width, depth, and the surrounding space of each design.

Rhythm/MovementThis is the path the viewers eye takes through the artwork or design, sometimes to a focal area. It can be directed along lines, edges, shapes and colour