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  • Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs

    1 | www-really-learn-english.com | Copyright 2013 Ola Zur

    RReeaallllyy LLeeaarrnn EEnngglliisshh

    and Dynamic Verbs

    Jump

    Stative Verbs

    Like

    RRuulleess,, EExxaammpplleess,, EExxeerrcciisseess aanndd AAnnsswweerrss

  • Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs

    2 | www-really-learn-english.com | Copyright 2013 Ola Zur

    For more resources visit the Really Learn English Store.

    Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs

    Published by Really Learn English

    www.really-learn-english.com

    Copyright 2013 Ola Zur.

    All rights reserved.

    No part of this book may be reproduced

    or transmitted in any form, by any means,

    without written permission from the author,

    except a reviewer, who may quote

    brief passages for a review.

    http://store.really-learn-english.com/http://www.really-learn-english.com/

  • Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs

    3 | www-really-learn-english.com | Copyright 2013 Ola Zur

    Table of Contents

    Stative Verbs and Dynamic Verbs (Action Verbs) ................................................ 4

    Overview ........................................................................................................... 4

    Stative Verbs ..................................................................................................... 4

    Dynamic Verbs .................................................................................................. 6

    Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs Going Deeper with Examples and Exercises 7

    Dynamic ........................................................................................................ 7

    Stative ........................................................................................................... 8

    Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs Exercises ....................................................... 13

    Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs Exercise 01 ................................................. 14

    Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs Exercise 01 Answers ................................... 15

    Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs Exercise 02 ................................................. 16

    Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs Exercise 02 Answers ................................... 17

    Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs Exercise 03 ................................................. 18

    Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs Exercise 03 Answers ................................... 19

    Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs Exercise 04 ................................................. 20

    Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs Exercise 04 Answers ................................... 21

    Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs Exercise 05 ................................................. 22

    Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs Exercise 05 Answers ................................... 23

    Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs Exercise 06 ................................................. 24

    Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs Exercise 06 Answers ................................... 25

  • Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs

    4 | www-really-learn-english.com | Copyright 2013 Ola Zur

    Stative Verbs and Dynamic Verbs (Action Verbs)

    Overview

    English verbs can be divided into stative verbs and dynamic verbs (also

    called action verbs). Let's go over each group.

    Stative Verbs

    Stative verbs are verbs that express a state rather than an action.

    Examples:

    be, seem, love, own, want, sound, have, know, understand.

    Emily is sad.

    Examples sentences:

    She is a great wife.

    He seems rather strange.

    He wanted to see you.

    That sounds awesome!

    We have enough things to do.

  • Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs

    5 | www-really-learn-english.com | Copyright 2013 Ola Zur

    Stative verbs are usually not used in the progressive tenses.

    Examples:

    Incorrect: He is wanting to see you.

    Correct: He wants to see you.

    Incorrect: I am knowing what to do.

    Correct: I know what to do.

    Incorrect: They are seeming nice.

    Correct: They seem nice.

    However, if the same verb is used to describe an actual action (not a state),

    than it can be used in the progressive tenses.

    Example:

    When the verb "have" means "own" it is a state. So we do not use it in

    the progressive tenses.

    Incorrect: I am having a laptop.

    Correct: I have a laptop.

    When the verb "have" means "eat" it is an actual action. So we can use it

    in the progressive tenses.

    Correct: I am having lunch with Kate.

    Correct: I have lunch with Kate.

  • Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs

    6 | www-really-learn-english.com | Copyright 2013 Ola Zur

    Dynamic Verbs

    Dynamic verbs are the opposite of stative verbs. They express a real action.

    Examples:

    Jump, swim, catch, write, call, sleep, hit, open, speak.

    John cries.

    Example sentences:

    They swam to the other side.

    She hit me on the head!

    Open the window, please.

    The dynamic verbs can be used in the progressive tenses.

    Correct: He is drinking water.

    Correct: He drinks water.

  • Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs

    7 | www-really-learn-english.com | Copyright 2013 Ola Zur

    Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs Going Deeper with

    Examples and Exercises

    Dynamic verbs vs. stative verbs can cause confusion among students.

    But really they aren't as difficult or as complicated as you may think.

    The most important reason you need to know about these is because

    stative verbs can't usually be used in the progressive form. But more about

    that later!

    Firstly, what do the words "dynamic" and "stative" mean?

    They aren't very common words in everyday English, but they are grammar

    terms you will need to know to understand this subject.

    Dynamic

    "Dynamic" is an adjective which means something is moving or changing.

    In English grammar a "dynamic verb" means that the verb describes an

    action rather than a state. Dynamic verbs are sometimes known as "action

    verbs."

    "Joe is chasing the bus."

  • Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs

    8 | www-really-learn-english.com | Copyright 2013 Ola Zur

    Stative

    "Stative" is an adjective which describes something as having a state, or

    existing (this is a very uncommon adjective).

    In English grammar a "stative verb" means that the verb describes a state

    rather than an action.

    Stative verbs are sometimes known as "state verbs."

    "Kevin wants some ice-cream."

    So now you know the meaning of the terms, let's look at some examples!

    First, here is a list of some Dynamic verbs. You can see that they are all

    used to describe an action, change, or process. Most of them are used to

    describe an activity which has a start and an end.

    Examples of dynamic verbs:

    eat

    walk

    learn

    grow

    sleep

    talk

    write

  • Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs

    9 | www-really-learn-english.com | Copyright 2013 Ola Zur

    run

    read

    become

    go

    These words can all be used in the progressive form.

    Example sentences with dynamic verbs:

    "I can't talk right now, I'm eating dinner."

    Present progressive used to describe an action happening now.

    "Sorry, I'm out of breath because I've been running."

    Present perfect progressive used to describe an action that started in

    the past, continued for some time and has results now.

    "I didn't steal the necklace! I was sleeping when someone broke into

    the shop!"

    Past progressive used to talk about an action that was happening at a

    particular time in the past.

  • Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs

    10 | www-really-learn-english.com | Copyright 2013 Ola Zur

    Here is a list of some of the Stative verbs. Some of these describe

    relationships between things or people (for example, own) and some

    describe emotions or states of mind.

    Examples of stative verbs:

    love

    hate

    like

    prefer

    doubt

    seem

    know

    own

    understand

    Here are some examples, showing that these words cannot be used in the

    progressive form.

    Correct: "I like chocolate, but I prefer cake."

    Incorrect: "I'm liking chocolate but I'm preferring cake."

    Correct: "I don't understand you when you speak quickly."

    Incorrect: "I'm not understanding you when you speak quickly."

  • Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs

    11 | www-really-learn-english.com | Copyright 2013 Ola Zur

    There are also some verbs that can be either dynamic or stative, depending

    on their meaning and context in the sentence. I'm sure you know by now

    that there are many words in English that can have more than one

    meaning!

    Examples of verbs that can be either dynamic or stative:

    think

    mind

    have

    smell

    sound

    Let's look at some examples of how these verbs are used differently.

    Example sentences:

    "I think it is wrong to hit children."

    Here, think is a stative verb. It means "to have an opinion" and it

    cannot be used in the progressive form in this case.

    BUT

    "I'm thinking about buying a new car."

    Here, thinking is describing a process, or an action. Something that is

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