Differences in l2 learners liseth chica

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<p>Differences in L2 learners</p> <p>Differences in L2 learners LANGUAGE ACQUISITIONLISETH CHICA</p> <p>AGEYOUNG LEARNERSOLDER LEARNERS </p> <p>The brain is like a sponge that absorbs new information quickly and easily.Brain maturation that reduce learning capacity.</p> <p>Like interaction with others; great amount of language input.Don't like interact and receives poor language input.</p> <p>Memory elasticity is phenomenal and retains information.Memory elasticity decreases and it is difficult to retain information easy.</p> <p>They can acquire native-like language.It is difficult that they can acquire native-like language, they develop foreign accent.</p> <p>SEXBOYSGIRLS</p> <p>They acquire language, trough its sensory system. Better in grammar and spelling.</p> <p>They learn better the language by seeing visual aids.Their brains are more activity at the moment they learn the language.</p> <p>They learn better understanding and figuring out compositional rules.Remember easily difficult linguistic forms.</p> <p>They automatize language skills and give place to an effective language learning.Girls are semantically and verbally more competent. </p> <p>APTITUDEBeing apt to learn a language consist on:</p> <p>Phonemic coding ability: being capable to decode incoming speech sounds.Inductive language learning ability: being capable to figure out how the rules governing the language work.Grammatical sensitivity: knowing the function of each linguistic element.Associative memory capacity: to be able to memorize linguistic forms accurately and to use them appropriately.</p> <p>MOTIVATIONINTEGRATIVE MOTIVATION INSTRUMENTAL MOTIVATIONThe learner acquires the second language because he desires to fit in a society where the L2 is spoken.</p> <p>The learner acquires a second language because he/she needs it to fulfil another goal like having better job opportunities, for graduating or for traveling.It is emotional It is for practical uses</p> <p>Impulse people to achieve some desired goal</p> <p>COGNITIVE STYLESField independent: recognize objects no matter the complexity of the backgroundField-dependent: the field should be clear other ways things are not perceived easily</p> <p>Global: perceive things as whole.Particular: considers specific things for information processing</p> <p>holistic: looks for the general idea of something.Analytic: capable to analyze each detail within a context.</p> <p>Deductive: discovers the rules governing the L2 by themselves.Inductive: analyze the rules governing the L2 to learn it.</p> <p>Focus on meaning: special attention is given on learning the meaning of the L2.Focus on form: a predisposition on learning forms and features of the L2.</p> <p>PERSONALITY Personalities are important to provide better learning results Anxious learners: have language learning issues causing by low self confidence.Extrovert: interact which is important for the language learning.Introvert: effective language learners.Shy: may not enjoy language learning.Adventuresome: may do better in learning.Inner-directed/other-directed and reflective/impulsive personalities are not really factors that influence positively nor negatively the learning process of the learner. Imaginative, empathetic, self confident; get better in learning L2.</p> <p>LEARNING STRATEGIES METACOGNITIVECOGNITIVESOCIAL/EFFECTIVEMaking a plan on what they are going to do during the lessonLinguistic material to facilitate learning as; brainstorming, mind mappingDemand learner to the interaction; to ask questions so the teacher can gives feedback</p> <p>Factors that influence learning strategies AgeYoung(repetition) adults(synthesis)sexFemales use social/affective strategies than man</p>