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<p>Euro-Mediterranean PartnershipPartenariat euro-mditerranen </p> <p>Cultural Heritage within the Barcelona ProcessAssessment and Orientations</p> <p>Workshop results and recommendations</p> <p>November 2005</p> <p> Index</p> <p> Welcome Address 4</p> <p> Introduction 6</p> <p> Recommendations Executive Summary 8</p> <p> Abstracts and Recommendations of the Working Groups:</p> <p>. Regional Partnership and Cultural Heritage cooperation 2</p> <p>2. Public and private investments in Cultural Heritage 8</p> <p>3. Professional and Institutional Capacity Building </p> <p> in Cultural Heritage Management 23</p> <p> Objectives and Background of the Workshop 28</p> <p> The Participants 3</p> <p> Who is who 32</p> <p> The Organization 38</p> <p> The Euromed Heritage Programme 42</p> <p>European Commission - EuropeAid Directorate A - Europe, Southern Mediterranean, Middle East and Neighbourhood policyCarla Montesi Head of UnitLeonidas Kioussis Head of Section Claire Kupper Euromed Heritage Operations ManagerFabrice Hendricks Financial Officer </p> <p>ICCD Referents for Euromed HeritageMaria Rita Sanzi Di Mino ICCD DirectorLuisa Granata Administrative ManagerMaria Lucia Cavallo Liaison Officer</p> <p>Centro Citt dAcqua Referents for Euromed HeritageRinio Bruttomesso Director Mara Vittori Liaison Officer Maria Giulia da Sacco Technical Officer</p> <p>RMSU Managing BoardMaria Rita Sanzi Di Mino ICCD Rinio Bruttomesso Centre Citt dAcquaCaterina Bon Valvassina ICR Ist. Centrale per il RestauroEugenio DAuria Ministry for Foreign Affairs Luca Fornari Ministry for Foreign AffairsAlfredo Giacomazzi Ministry for Cultural HeritageMaria Luisa Polichetti Cultural Heritage ExpertJosep Giralt IEMed - Institut Europeu de la MediterrniaFrancis Rambert IFA - Institute Franais dArchitectureRoberto Carpano RMSU</p> <p>RMSU - Regional Management Support UnitRoberto Carpano Co-ordinatorClaudio Cimino Project Manager: La Navigation du Savoir, Mediterranean Voices, Medimuses, Temper, Ikonos, Unimed, Discover Islamic Art, Byzantium Early IslamMatteo Malvani Project Manager: Delta, Prodecom, Filires Innovantes, Patrimoines Partags, Defence Systems in the Mediterranean Coasts, Qantara, RehabimedFrancesca Predazzi Information Manager Andrea Sbis Financial Officer Monica Robelo Administrator Drusilla Stacy Waddy Office Assistant Mariateresa Cuomo Financial Assistant</p> <p>A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet. It can be accessed through the Europa server (</p> <p> Euromed Heritage, 2005Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.</p> <p>This pubblication has been produced with the assistance of the European Union. The contents of this publication can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.</p> <p>Designed by Michela ScibiliaPrinted in Italy</p> <p>Credits: Mosaics from Heritage for Arts and Architecture (Sonia Twal, Aida Dabbas), Amman, JordanThis publication has been edited with the assistance of Natalia Rodriguez, RMSU intern.</p> <p>4 Cultural Heritage within the Barcelona Process</p> <p>Welcome Address </p> <p>For us it was an honour to have the opportunity to receive this workshop of Euromed Heritage in our headquarters, and to contribute by this way to the dissemination of the programme, of its ideas and goals for the future.</p> <p>The workshop took place just one month before the Euro-Mediterranean Summit, held in Barcelona on 28 November 2005. Let me say something about this Summit. First of all, it is a celebration, the celebration of the first ten years of the Barcelona Process. It is also an opportunity to make the bilan of those ten years of dialogue between the European Union and the countries partners of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. But it is also an occasion to give a new impulse to the Process, which started in Barcelona ten years ago, an occasion to rethink some of its orientations and to adapt them to the new context, in particular, the European Neighbourhood Policy. </p> <p>In this context, IEMed strongly supports Euromed Heritage, its goals, and particularly the demand of more resources and political support to cultural activities because we are convinced that cultural dialogue must be at the centre of the Barcelona Process in the years to come and because, in the field of cultural dialogue, the activities of Euromed Heritage are particularly relevant. Preservation and dissemination of our Cultural Heritage must be more important in the new period of the Barcelona Process.</p> <p>To finish, let me say that IEMed has already participated in many Euromed Heritage activities. We have contributed to the follow-up of some projects through the Regional Management and Support Unit and we are part of the Scientific Committee of Rehabimed. I want to express our determination to be more involved in your activities in the future, after the Euro-Mediterranean Summit. </p> <p>Andreu Claret Director of the European Institute of the Mediterranean</p> <p>Introduction</p> <p>Recommendations </p> <p>Executive Summary</p> <p>6 Cultural Heritage within the Barcelona Process Cultural Heritage within the Barcelona Process 7</p> <p>In order to nurture the debate within the framework of the Euro Mediterranean Coop-eration, the European Commission through the Regional Management and Support Unit (RMSU) of the Euromed Heritage Programme, in collaboration with the European Institute for the Mediterranean (IEmed), organised a two-day workshop in Barcelona on the 28th and 29th October 2005.</p> <p>The event gathered together more than 40 European and Mediterranean selected profes-sionals representing institutions and civil society organisations deeply engaged and involved in Cultural Heritage programmes and projects. This publication contains the results and recommendations of the Workshop, on the basis of the discussion and of the contributions previously submitted by the participants.</p> <p>Moreover, this event was in line with the Commission proposed Plan-D for Democracy, Dialogue and Debate aiming to stimulate a wider debate between the European Unions democratic institutions and citizens. Plan-D dovetails with the Action Plan on Communicat-ing Europe, which seeks to improve the way that the Commission presents its activities to the outside world. Within the themes of the Plan, the recommendations of this paper are in line with Europes borders and its role in the world. </p> <p>Against this articulated scenario, during the workshop Cultural Heritage within the Barce-lona Process - Assessment and Orientations, Cultural Heritage has been debated also as a strategic contribution to economic development for a reinforced partnership. </p> <p>The rationale for the workshop stems from the following considerations:</p> <p> Cultural Heritage was one of the most innovative elements of the 1995 Barcelona Proc-ess, based on a regional and partnership approach. However, after the implementation of Euromed Heritage I, II and III, the Draft Declaration for the 10th anniversary of the Euro-Mediterranean Summit and European Commission five-year work programme have underestimated the need for continuity in the Cultural Heritage sector. </p> <p> The newly created European Neighbourhood Policy will from 2007 onwards replace the current MEDA programme in the partner countries. It will furthermore have a specific and innovative component catering for the needs of cross-border cooperation and a sim-</p> <p>Cultural Heritage in the Barcelona process: from fine arts to a partnership strategy</p> <p>plification of financial instruments at the EUs external borders. It is important that Cul-tural Heritage will be one of its priorities, in accordance with the Barcelona Declaration. The potential of the newly created Anna Lindh Foundation could be an important tool for intercultural understanding, but it needs support in the Cultural Heritage sector.</p> <p> 1995 2005 MEDA financial allocations for Cultural Heritage totalled 67 million out of which 57 on a regional basis and 10 on a bilateral basis with Syria. The amount represents almost 1% of MEDA funds and 10% of MEDA regional funds. A relevant figure in absolute terms, though still undersized when confronted with other sources. As a comparison the financial commitment of dedicated international organisations such as the Aga Khan Trust for Culture the cultural agency of the Aga Khan development network - and the World Monuments Fund are respectively 60 million and 8 million per year.</p> <p> The contribution of Cultural Heritage/tourism sector to the socio economic develop-ment of the partner countries shows great potentials for growth. As an example according to the World Bank, Morocco derives about 7% of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) from this sector, and the share of tourism in a EU Mediterranean country like Greeces is 18% of GDP. </p> <p>In conclusion, it is important that international donors and national governments fully ap-preciate the economic value and value-adding chain of engagements in Cultural Heritage.</p> <p>The risk of turning a blind eye to this situation means burning the results of the previous public investments and ignoring the role of one of the strategic development resources for Mediterranean countries: if not supported the established networks will not fully demon-strate their potentialities and will not contribute to reinforce the regional dimension of the programme. </p> <p>Thus, the learning process continues.</p> <p>Roberto Carpano RMSU Co-ordinator </p> <p> Brussels, 13.10.2005 COM(2005) 494 final</p> <p>8 Cultural Heritage within the Barcelona Process Cultural Heritage within the Barcelona Process 9</p> <p>Recommendations Executive Summary</p> <p>As a result of the two-day discussion, the participants to the three working groups made the following recommendations. The full recommendations are available in the next chapters of this document.</p> <p>Working Group 1 Regional partnership</p> <p>The key recommendation is to place Cultural Heritage and cultural activities within the future European Neighbourhood Policy instrument and to invite Governments to consider culture as a relevant tool for economic and local development and as the basic instrument to build a national identity. To date Cultural Heritage is not part of the new European Neigh-bourhood Policy.</p> <p>A number of specific recommendations were expressed on the issues of the adequacy and relevance in building and managing partnership. Among these it is important to mention: </p> <p> The need to diversify partnership in terms of Government Organisations/Civil society actors and regional composition </p> <p> To implement institutional/regulatory reforms. A more performing regulatory environ-ment is conducive to actually allow Government Organisations and Civil Society stake-holders to actively participate in the projects implementation especially in terms of tech-nical and financial project management</p> <p> The call for proposal cycle of projects should be revised and be built on a two-phase system: a first concept phase and a subsequent project design stage which should follow a participatory capacity building action in form of seminars or fora with an open and public admission procedure. The selection process can then take place on the basis of well-conceived projects. The process should be prepared by a needs analysis aimed at establishing strategy guidelines and criteria. A proposal for a differentiated co-financed project structure has also been presented. All the above is suggested in order to increase quality and ownerships of future proposals.</p> <p>Working Group 2 Public and private investments</p> <p>The need for a political commitment to invest in Cultural Heritage and a shared vision and mutual trust among all key national stakeholders has been re-asserted</p> <p> Public goods include Cultural Heritage, therefore the role of the public sector at central and local level as custodian of Cultural Heritage assets and as a contributor to financing of the </p> <p>development of integrated development programmes was underlined </p> <p> Civil society organisations need to be involved at different scales in the consultation and planning of investments. Local communities should share the benefits so that social de-velopment returns may be obtained </p> <p> The private sector should be involved in the value-chain related to the Cultural Herit-age investments, contributing to local economic development, and the creation of in-come-generating activities and employment generation of foreign exchange</p> <p> European Commission bilateral allocations in the field of cultural heritage are almost absent with the exception of Syria. It is important that Cultural Heritage becomes also an important asset at the bilateral level</p> <p> Priority areas for investments in Cultural Heritage in MEDA countries are that: sus-tainable cultural tourism; measures in favour of making culture more accessible; urban rehabilitation of historic cities and adaptive reuse of buildings; territorial development around cultural and natural sites; intangible Cultural Heritage; arts &amp; crafts and develop-ment of SMEs.</p> <p>Working Group 3 Professional and Institutional capacity building </p> <p>Recommendations were formulated at different levels: for the EU institutions/other interna-tional donors and national governments (EU and MEDA partners)</p> <p> For the EU institutions and other international donors is important to promote the adoption of information sharing mechanisms and to foster the integration within the different programmes dealing with Culture Heritage</p> <p> At the national level, planning schemes should be developed for improving the coordina-tion among programs designed for institutional capacity building and for monitoring the position of trained professionals. A need for promoting surveys to assess the existing situation (e.g. gaps in Cultural Heritage policies, human resources, legislative framework) has been therefore recommended both for developing local capacity (training) and for institutional capacity building actions. The development of national heritage strategies and legislation should be promoted as well</p> <p> At the national level, specific recruitment of professional figures to fill gaps in the capa-city of the institutions to address Cultural Heritage management issues, the integration of Cultural Heritage in the domain of community development, education and tourism and, finally, the empowerment of civil society in project implementation and monitoring has been recommended</p> <p>10 Cultural Heritage within the Barcelona Process Cultural Heritage within the Barcelona Process 11</p> <p> The creation/establishment of standards in the process of project management and in-creasing the role of pilot projects as a learning/verification mechanism are among more specific recommendations</p> <p> More specific recommendations in developing local capacity regard the establishment of appropriate levels of training according to the different stakeholders, the issue of con-tinuous training, the encouragement of closer contact between training programs and public/private employers...</p>