Crime andpunishment

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<ul><li> 1. Punishment and Law From Chinato America<br />By Emily Young<br />Spring 2010<br /></li></ul> <p> 2. Punishments in Colonial Times<br /> 3. Branding<br />Branding was just one of the punishments that people were sentenced to in colonial times. <br />You would have a T branded on you if you were a thief, a M if you committed manslaughter.<br /> 4. Branding<br />The branding irons would be put over stoves to heat. The branding irons would be in the shape of letters.<br />The letter that the person was branded with would be the first letter of their crime. <br />People could be branded on the hands, cheeks, shoulders, and foreheads. <br /> 5. The Pillory- Stretch Neck<br />The stocks was another punishment that they used incolonial<br />times. The stocks would be forhands and the head or the feet. The <br />stocks would be next to the court house. When people were in the <br />stocks, other people would throw food and other things at them. It<br />was very embarrassing. Some of the crimes that people would get put in <br />the pillory for were wife beating, witchcraft, and drunkenness.<br /> 6. Hanging<br />Hanging would happen outside of town.<br />When the hanging was over, the victims body would be driven away on a cart to be buried.<br /> 7. Crime and Punishment In Colonial America<br /><br /> 8. Slave Punishments in America<br /> 9. Punishment Facts For Slaves<br />Slaves had no protection from their masters. Their masters could do anything they wanted to their slaves.<br />The overseer (the person watched over the slaves and made sure they did their work) or the master would carry out the punishments. Occasionally the wife of the master would carry out the punishment.<br />Slaves were not punished if they did what they were told. Sometimes this was hard because it meant betraying a friend or family member.<br />If slaves ran away they were chased by dogs.<br /> 10. Beatings<br />Beatings were carried out with all kinds of things, a chain, a broom, a stick, sheers, tongs, a shovel handle, the heavy head of a slipper ( usually women did this), and a club.<br />The wife of the master or the master would carry out the beatings.<br />The beatings would be on the hands, feet, and other parts of the body.<br /> 11. Whipping<br />Whipping is probably the most often heard of punishment for slaves.<br />The masters, overseers, and masters wife's whipped slaves to control them.<br />Different lashes were given depending on what the slave did.<br />It did not matter if the slave was a man or a women, they were still whipped.<br /> 12. Punishments For Slaves<br />Branding was another punishment for slaves.<br />In Virginia, one punishment for slaves was to smoke them in the tobacco smoke house or whip them and then put them in the tobacco smoke house. This was called Smoking Slaves.<br />Some slaves were burned alive.<br />Slaves were sometimes rolled down a steep hill in a box with a nail very near to the slave. <br />One other punishment was death. This sometimes happened when a punishment was carried out too harshly.<br /> 13. More Slave Punishments<br />Slaves could be forced to go under water.<br />Slaves could be sold, masters also used this as a threat.<br />Slaves could be kicked or tied up.<br />They could be Tarred and Feathered which means that they were put in hot tar and then in lots of feathers, making them look like a chicken. This was also used in Colonial Times. <br />Slaves were whipped, hit by paddles, or have part of their body cut off if they were caught running away.<br /> 14. Ancient Chinese Law<br /> 15. Legalism<br />Han Fei created legalism.<br />Legalism was harsh and almost everyone got a punishment.<br />Every nation tried legalism but most of them changed.<br />China could not compare their laws to other nations laws because they did not interact with other nations.<br />2200 years ago legalism worked because everyone was to scared to break the law because of the harsh punishments.<br />If someone committed a little crime they got a big punishment and if someone committed a big crime, they got a HUGE punishment.<br />When the punishments were carried out on people, other people could watch but nobody did because they were too afraid of the harshness.<br />Legalism lasted from 200 B.C. 1800s. <br /> 16. The Trial<br />The prisoner kneeled in front.<br />The prisoner was guilty until proven innocent which is the opposite of what we have today.<br />The prisoners were tortured if they were guilty, they were tortured if the answers to the questions that he or she was asked were not clear, and they were tortured if the prisoner insisted that they were innocent. <br />If the witnesses stood up they could be tortured.<br />The judge stood behind a red table.<br /> 17. What Different People Thought about Ancient Chinese Law<br /> 18. Confucius 551 479 B.C.<br />Confucius philosophy was Low reliance on law and harsh punishment.<br />He left it up to the people to think about what they were doing and to make sure that they thought it was all right.<br />He thought that there should not be many punishments and not many laws.<br />He thought that if people follow rules because offear (legalism), people will lose respect for themselves. If you lead by example, people will respect themselves. <br /> 19. Han Fei 280- 233 B.C.<br />Han Fei liked legalism.<br />He brought back legalism.<br />He did not agree with Confucius.<br />He promoted harsh laws and punishments.<br /> 20. Ancient Chinese Punishment<br /> 21. Ancient Chinese Punishment Facts<br />Ancient Chinese punishment was very harsh. It was harsh because of legalism.<br />It was torture.<br />If a man was a king or if a man was poor, they still got the same punishment.<br /> 22. The Different Punishments<br />A person could have a tattoo forced on their body that looked like the crime they committed.<br />A person could have skin removed until dead.<br />A person could be beaten by bamboo.<br />A person could have their eyes burned.<br /> 23. The Different Punishments<br />A person could be forced into a cage.<br />A person could be made to sit with something around his head. This was called a cangue.<br /> 24. The Different Punishments<br />Could be chained to a block.<br />Could have legs cut off.<br />Could be forced to walk in a parade with their hands tied. This was called a death walk. If the prisoners refused this, they died<br /> 25. The Cutting of the Body<br />Confucius introduced detail, this came in handy when the Chinese cut a person up.<br />The jailer would cut a person up in a certain order, the law required it. First the eyebrows, then the shoulders, etc.<br />The Chinese recorded when they cut the person up, how much each body part weighed, and the measurements of the body parts. <br />The Chinese thought that detail was important.<br />A person could be cut up into 8, 24, 36, 72, or 120 pieces.<br /> 26. The End<br /></p>


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