types of crime crime and law. type of crimedescriptionexamples white-collar crime blue-collar crime...
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DESCRIPTIONDescription Carried out by businesses or corporations, or a person acting on behalf of a corporation. Involves a computer or a network including exploitation of the internet. Issues becoming more high profile today. A pattern of behaviour which involves the abuse by one partner against another; can take many forms, Deliberately using fire to intentionally and maliciously set fire to buildings, wild-land areas, vehicles or other property with the intent to cause damage. Professionals who work in trained services and sales (offices) – not manual labour. Often hidden crimes that go unnoticed / reported The offender uses or threatens to use violent force upon the victim - act can be the objective (murder) as well as being means to an end (robbery) Member of a working class who performs skilled or unskilled labouring jobs i.e. – construction. More obvious in society. When an offender targets their victim because they are a member of a social group (i.e. race, religion, sexuality)
Types of Crime Crime and Law Type of CrimeDescriptionExamples White-Collar Crime Blue-Collar Crime Corporate Crime Crime of Hatred Cybercrime Domestic Abuse Crime Involving Fire Violent Crime Description Carried out by businesses or corporations, or a person acting on behalf of a corporation. Involves a computer or a network including exploitation of the internet. Issues becoming more high profile today. A pattern of behaviour which involves the abuse by one partner against another; can take many forms, Deliberately using fire to intentionally and maliciously set fire to buildings, wild-land areas, vehicles or other property with the intent to cause damage. Professionals who work in trained services and sales (offices) not manual labour. Often hidden crimes that go unnoticed / reported The offender uses or threatens to use violent force upon the victim - act can be the objective (murder) as well as being means to an end (robbery) Member of a working class who performs skilled or unskilled labouring jobs i.e. construction. More obvious in society. When an offender targets their victim because they are a member of a social group (i.e. race, religion, sexuality) Examples of Crime show your understanding Sort the following examples into the correct type: Illegal use of a firearm Verbal racist abuseViolence towards spouse Computer hackingBurglaryTax Avoidance Dealing in illegal substances ShopliftingCopyright theft Identity theftHomicideAssault VandalismGraffitiMugging Driving without a licence Selling alcohol to people under 18 Mis-selling insurance Online Tax fraudOnline Banking FraudKidnapping Key Definitions Other types of crime include: o Knife Crime o Gun Crime o Human Trafficking o Anti-Social Behaviour o Drug Crime Who Commits Crime? The idea that every group in society is equally likely to commit a crime is incorrect. Statistics show that some groups of people are more likely to commit crime than others. People are more likely to commit crime if they are: Younger. The peak age for committing crime is 19 and 20 for males and for females. For offences (minor crimes e.g. breach of the peace) the peak age is lower for both males and females. Male. The majority of crime (80%) is committed by men. Almost all violent crime is committed by men. Living in a city (or urban) area. The majority of crime happens in city areas, particularly in city centres at weekends or in areas with poorer quality housing. Activity 1 Scott Anderson Aged 19 Lives in the Gorbals, Glasgow Laurie Strachan Ages 80 Lives in Seafield, West Lothian Morgan Kenyon Aged 28 Lives in Leith in Edinburgh Steven Hailstones Aged 45 Lives in Linlithgow, West Lothian Which of the following people is most likely to commit a crime and least likely to commit a crime? Give a reason for both of your choices. Causes of Crime - Explanations Causes of crime are complex and often involve linking many factors together to get a better understanding To avoid stereotyping, prejudice and discrimination Some of the main issues that can be linked to todays society are: Poverty especially in current economic climate recession Long Term Unemployment Social Environment Mental Health Problems Influence of Alcohol and Drugs Cycle of Poverty The Causes of Crime SOCIAL CAUSES Lack of belonging Lack of pride in Community Poor Housing Lack of self- esteem Exclusion from school Peer Pressure Economic Causes Social Exclusion Unable to claim benefits Recession Poverty Geographical Area of deprivation Densely populated area Lack of facilities Upbringing Lack of positive role models Physical Abuse Family members involved in crime Culture Greed Importance attached to material belongings Activities 1. Create a detailed spider diagram illustrating the main causes of crime. Use pages 104 107 of National 4/5 Modern Studies Leckie and Leckie book to complete this. 2. Collect a copy of the table on the next slide you must complete this table in detail as this could potentially be an exam question. Examples and Explanations for Crime Cause of CrimeExplanation of why this leads to crime Example of type of crime Family Background Peer Pressure/Gang culture Poor Environment - Geography Economic circumstances -Poverty Circumstances social exclusion Greed Alcohol / Drugs Re cap Causes of Crime Family Background The main causes of Crime P A P E R S Poverty Area (geographical location) Peer Pressure Education (lack of it) Role Models Social Exclusion Poverty The areas of Scotland which have large cities tend to have higher rates of crime. Strathclyde which contains Glasgow has the highest level of crime in Scotland 700, per 10,000 people Dumfries and Galloway has the lowest levels of crimes 400, per 10,000 people. Glasgow is the most deprived city and local authority area in Scotland. 1 in 3 Glaswegian children lives in a household where no one works compared to the Scottish average 1 in 5. More than of all serious assaults were committed in Glasgow. 170 gangs in the Glasgow area compared to 169 in London (over 6 times the size!) Area or Geographical Location Inner cities e.g. Birmingham, Liverpool, Glasgow breed crime Crime acceptable e.g. joy riding/vandalism Criminal Sub Culture (Where people grow up believing crime to be normal). In Glasgow schemes gangs/ Saturday night booze and blade culture. Some areas have high unemployment - causes crime as some steal to make basic needs. Inner cities have a high drop out / truancy rates from school Run down inner city areas lack of facilities boredom vandalism/joy riding etc. Peer Pressure Friends are involved in crime Encourage or pressure others into crime Less likely to commit a crime e.g. vandalism, take drugs etc. if your peers dont do it Gangs commit crimes to get into/as part of a gang e.g. theft, joy ridinghbYhbY Education Lack of education no qualifications/poorly paid job Poverty Truancy opting out Social Exclusion not involved in society / no peers to encourage you to reject crime. Leads to boredom more likely to get involved in petty crime e.g. vandalism Role Models o Negative role models or a lack of positive ones o Celebrities o Family o UK Government estimates that there are 120,000 troubled families whose children are at a high risk of repeating their parents criminal lifestyles o Lack of love, addictions to alcohol/drugs and an atmosphere of tension/violence are key causes of crime. o Where a young person is deprived of strong role models, strong relationships and happiness from an early age may well be a key cause of crime. 1. Copy the following statement: People are responsible for their own behaviour and have only themselves to blame if they get involved in criminal activities (a) Explain why some people might AGREE with this statement and why some people might DISAGREE. (2 paragraphs for each Use PEE) (b) In your conclusion state whether you agree or disagree and why (c) Do drugs lead people into criminal activity? Or are those who use drugs already prone to such activity? Discuss. Activities Drugs and Alcohol Cause of crime? An indirect link? Survey 7 out of 10 accused of murder had been drinking or on drugs Nearly 7,000 of Scotland's prisoners were drunk at the time of committing the offence. Activities Modernity Scotland Textbook pages Alcohol and Crime What are the consequences of alcohol abuse (cost)? Describe, in detail, new laws (Acts) the Scottish Government have passed relating to Alcohol in recent years. Explain arguments FOR and AGAINST the acts do they do the job 2010 Int 2 KU The why question! How to answer a question like this 8 marks = 4 paragraphs PEE in every paragraph Explain questions expect you to say Why something happens. (You should have because in your answer) If you get more than four paragraphs done, add another reason why. One reason some people commit crimes is due to economic issues such as poverty. Poverty can leave people unable to afford or take care of everyday needs such as food, clothing and shelter as well as luxuries and technology. Therefore they may feel the need to turn to crime to make money, such as drugs or organised crime, or steal items they cannot afford. Another economic reason people may commit crimes is due to long term unemployment Example of one reason Many young people turn to crime as a result of social exclusion. They may have been left out of certain aspects of society because of a number of factors including poverty, unemployment, lack of education or positive role models and even the area they live in. (Introduction) Young people who have had a poor education are more likely to offend than those who are well-educated. (P) The lack of qualifications means they are more likely to have low-paid jobs or be unemployed, meaning little or no money for things like technology or fashion items. (Exp) They may turn to shoplifting, for example, to get the items they feel they should have. (EG) People who live in poor areas are often tempted into a life of crime. (P) Poorer areas tend to have few facilities and young people, in particular, can become bored. (EXP) Boredom can sometimes tempt people to get involved in activities which are not legal. They might even join a gang and engage in anti-social behaviour such as street fighting with other gangs. (EG) A lack of positive role models can often lead young people into criminal behaviour. (P) If a childs parents or older siblings have no respect for the law or other peoples property, he or she will grow up with the same attitude. (EXP) As a result, the child will be more likely to get involved in things which are illegal such as vandalism. (EG) Peer pressure is another factor which can lead to criminal behaviour amongst young people. (P) They may be persuaded or led by others into taking illegal drugs, for example. (EXP) Addiction could lead to further criminal activity such as stealing money or goods to sell, to pay for more drugs. (EG) Poverty, more generally, can lead people to commit crimes. (P) Sometime