civilizations of mesopotamia chart
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DESCRIPTIONCivilizations of Mesopotamia Chart . Sumerians. See Maps/Videos…. Location. Lower Mesopotamia Tigris and Euphrates River Valley. Cities. Ur and other Independent City-states. Leaders. N/A. Religion. Polytheism. Cultural Achievements . Writing (Cuneiform) City States Ziggurats - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Civilizations of Mesopotamia Chart
LocationLower Mesopotamia Tigris and Euphrates River Valley
CitiesUr and other Independent City-states
Cultural Achievements Writing (Cuneiform)City StatesZigguratsWheel/CartsSundialArchGovernmentCalendarBronze ToolsEpic of Gilgamesh
Reason for DeclineWarring among the independent City-statesWeakened itselfThen invaded by foreign armies (Amorites)
LocationMesopotamiaTigris Euphrates River
Cultural Achievements Code of Hammurabi1st written legal codeAstronomy and AstrologyBabylonian EpicsBased on Sumerian epic of Gilgamesh Similar to stories of the Old Testament
Empire/Dynasty?YESConcept of Monarchy and Kings
Reason for DeclineAbout 1700 BC they were invaded by foreign armies.
Location Eastern Mediterranean Coastnear Lebanon
CitiesTyreByblosSidonCarthagelocated in northern Africa
ReligionPolytheism HarshChild Sacrifice for fertility godsNo belief in afterlife
Cultural Achievements Trading/Shipping ArchitectsPurple Dye (Monopoly)so rare that only royalty could use itPhonetic Alphabet (22 letters)Colonies
Empire/DynastyTrading Empire Only----confederation of city states.
Reasons for DeclineCompetition?Series of defeats by invaders into Canaan (Israelites) King David?Alexander the Great
LocationNorthern Asia Minor (Turkey)
Cities, Leaders, ReligionN/A?Polytheistic?Religious tolerance?
Cultural AchievementsEarliest Mastery of Iron Working (about 1500 BC)Cultural Diffusion with other Mid-East Civilizations/Egypt (Iron Tools/Weapons)
Empire/DynastyYesAnatolia (Asia Minor) and Northern Mesopotamia and Northern Syria Height: c. 1350-1250 BC
Reason for DeclineInvasions by foreign armies
LocationNorthern MesopotamiaEmpire expanded into all of Fertile Crescent and Egypt`
Cultural AchievementsGovernmenthad Governors and ProvincesMilitary RoadsPowerful KingsGreat Library at NinevehArmies outfitted with Iron weapons
Empire/DynastyYesCruel and violent peopleRuthless and Brutal EmpireTerrorized their subjects
Reason for DeclineInvaded by Babylonians (Chaldeans) Nineveh sacked in 612 BCFall of the Assyrian Empire
LocationAll of Fertile Crescent
Cultural AchievementsHanging Gardens of Babylon (one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world)Astrology and Astronomy Extremely accurate calendar
Reasons for DeclineInvaded and Crushed by Persian Empire (Cyrus the Great) in 539 BC.