Chapter 23 Facials. 2 Skin Analysis & Consultation ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________

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<ul><li><p>Chapter 23Facials</p></li><li><p>2Skin Analysis &amp; Consultation________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Consultation allows you the opportunity to ask the client questions about their health and skin as well as advise them about the appropriate products and treatments</p></li><li><p>3Intake FormDuring the consultation a client will fill out an intake form that will ask many health questions that will allow you to identify any contradictions________________________________________________________________________________________________________ during the facial treatment. Example: a client using Retin-A should not receive any waxing or exfoliation procedures</p></li><li><p>4Main ContradictionsUse of Accutane, Retin-A, Renova, Tazorac, or Differin NO Waxing, Exfoliating, Peeling or Stimulating treatmentsPregnancy No electrical treatmentsMetal pins or plates No electrical treatmentsPacemakers / Heart Irregularities No electrical treatmentsAllergies always use non-fragranced products for sensitive skinSeizures or Epilepsy No electrical or light treatmentsOral Steroids (Prednisone) No stimulating or exfoliating treatments, No waxingAutoimmune disease (lupus) No stimulating treatmentsDiabetes No services without physicians approval. Diabetics heal very slowlyBlood Thinners No waxing or extractions</p></li><li><p>5When in doubt DONTA cosmetologist _________________________________________. However, as a professional, you must be able to recognize the presence of various skin aliments in order to suggest that the client seek medical advice from a physicianAfter a skin analysis and consultation if you have any doubts DO NOT provide the service &amp; refer the client to a physician</p></li><li><p>6Skin Type___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________, although the skin may look considerable better after treatment</p></li><li><p>7Skin TypesOilyDryNormalCombination DryCombination OilyAcne</p></li><li><p>8Skin Condition____________________________________________________________________________________</p></li><li><p>9Skin ConditionsOily open &amp; closed comedones, clogged pores, shiny, thick appearanceDry ________________ tight, pore-less looking, dehydrated with fine lines and wrinkles, dry and rough to the touchNormal very unusual (most common is combination skin)Combination Dry may have clogged pores in the nose, chin and center of forehead. Dry , pore-less towards the outside edges of the faceCombination Oily comedones, clogged pores or obvious pores in the center of the face (T-zone)Acne presence of numerous open and closed comedones, clogged pores, and red papules and pustules</p></li><li><p>10Skin Conditions Contd____________________________ dark blotches of color, caused by sun exposure or hormone imbalances__________________________________ and home care products that discourage pigmentationDaily use of sunscreen and avoidance of sun exposure are very important for this skin type</p></li><li><p>11Skin Conditions ContdSensitive skin has a thin, red-pink look and is easily inflamed by some skin care productsAvoid strong products, fragranced products or strong exfoliates______________________ is chronic hereditary disorder that can be indicated by constant or frequent facial blushing. It is considered a medical disorder and should be diagnosed by a dermatologist. Client should be treated with products specially formulated for rosacea</p></li><li><p>12Dry SkinOtherwise known as Alipidic ____________________________Dehydrated skin can be flaky with small fine lines and wrinklesDehydration can be caused from lack of care, over-drying skin care products, sun exposure, lack of water intakeDehydrated skin is treated by using hydrators that help to bind water to the skin surfaceProper hydration will result in smoother-looking and softer skin</p></li><li><p>13Oily SkinProduces too much sebumWill have large poresSkin may appear shiny or greasyPores may be clogged from dead cells building up in the hair folliclesThere may be open comedones or closed comedones</p></li><li><p>14Open vs. Closed Comedones_____________________________________________, they are a mixture of solidified sebum and dead cell buildup stuck in the folliclesClosed comedones are small bumps just underneath the skin surface</p></li><li><p>15AcneThe presence of pimples in oily areas indicates acneAcne is a disorder in which the follicles become clogged, resulting in infection of the follicle with redness and inflammationAcne bacteria are _________________________, which means that they cannot survive in the presence of oxygen. Follicles are blocked with solidified sebum and dead-cell buildup, oxygen cannot readily get to the bottom of the follicle where acne bacteria live.Acne papules are red pimples that do not have a pus headPimples with a pus head are called pustulesPus is a fluid inside a pustule, largely made up of dead white blood cells that tried to fight the infectionCAUTION always wear gloves when performing extractions because acne skin contains infectious matter</p></li><li><p>16Skin Care ProductsSkin care products are classified into 6 main categories: ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________</p></li><li><p>17Cleansers_____________________________________________________________________________________________________ are non-foaming lotions. Designed to cleanse ____________________________________________ contain detergents that cause the product to foam and rinse easily. Designed for __________________________. Some have antibacterial ingredients for acne-prone skin</p></li><li><p>18TonersAKA- Freshners or Astringents_________________________________________Sometimes contain ingredients to help remove dead cellsApplied with cotton pads or sprayed onto the face</p></li><li><p>19Exfoliants_________________________________________, the skin will look smoother and clearerHelp to clear the skin of clogged pores and can improve the appearance of wrinkles, aging, and hyperpigmentation2 main categories: _________________ _________________ </p></li><li><p>20Mechanical ExfoliantsGranular scrubsGommage roll-off masks_________________________________Skin brushing </p></li><li><p>21Chemical ExfoliantEither loosen or dissolve dead cell buildupCan be used for a short time, although some may be worn as a day or night treatment________________________________________________Wrinkles appear less deep, skin discolorations fade, clogged pores are loosened and reduced, and new clogged pores are preventedThese acids _____________________________, resulting in firmer and healthier-looking skin_________________________ which dissolve keratin in the surface cells</p></li><li><p>22Proper exfoliation may improve the appearance of the skin in the following waysReduced clogged and oily skinPromotes skin smoothnessIncreases moisture content and hydrationReduces hyperpigmentationDecreases uneven skin colorEliminates or softens wrinkles and fine linesIncreases elasticitySpeeds up cell turnoverAllows for better penetration of treatment creams and serumsMake-up applies more evenly </p></li><li><p>23MoisturizersHelp increase the moisture content of the skin surfaceHelp the appearance of fine lines and wrinklesAllows for a smoother make-up applicationProtects the skin from environmental damage________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Moisturizers for oily skin contain significantly less emollientsMoisturizers for dry skin contain more emollients and are often heavier</p></li><li><p>24SunscreensShield skin from sun exposure ___________________________________ causes the majority of skin cancers, and prematurely ages the skinEvery client should be instructed to use a daily sunscreen. Look for daily moisturizers that contain broad-spectrum sunscreens, which means that they protect against both UVA and UVB sunrays. An SPF-15 or higher is considered to be adequate strength</p></li><li><p>25TreatmentsSerums or ampoules are ______________________ that generally contain higher amounts of ingredients that have an effect on skin appearance</p></li><li><p>26MasksProducts that are ____________________________________________________________________________________</p></li><li><p>Clay Masks_________________________________________make large pores appear smaller. They may contain sulfur which is an antibacterial ingredient to treat acne-prone skin</p></li><li><p>Cream Masks________________________________________contain emollients and humectants have a strong moisturizing effect</p></li><li><p>Gel Masks</p><p> ____________________________________help plump surface cells</p></li><li><p>Alginate Masks</p><p>_________________________________________come in a powder formdry to a rubberized texture they create a seal that encourages the skins absorption of serums or creams</p></li><li><p>Paraffin MasksApply over creams or serums ____________________________________________________________________________________</p></li><li><p>Modelage Mask____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Not recommended for sensitive skin, oily skin , or blemished skin</p></li><li><p>*Massage________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________It is important that when you are giving a massage that you use a firm sure touchKeep your hands soft by using creams and lotions. File and shape your nails to avoid scratching your clients skin</p></li><li><p>*Massage ContdThe impact of massage treatment depends on the amount of pressure, the direction of movement, and the duration of each type of manipulation involvedThe direction of movement is always from ______________________Massaging a muscle in the wrong direction could result in a loss of resilience and sagging of the skin and muscles</p></li><li><p>*Basic Massage Manipulations ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Palms work the large surface, while the cushions of the fingertips work the small surfacesUsed on the forehead, face, scalp, back, shoulder, neck, chest, arms, and hands It has soothing and relaxing effects and ________________________________________________________</p></li><li><p>*Basic Massage Manipulations _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Petrissage offers deeper stimulation to the muscles, nerves and skin glands and improve circulationUsually limited to the back, shoulders, and armsDigital kneading can also be used on the cheeks with light pinching movements, pressure should be light but firmMovements must be rhythmic and never jerkyFulling is a form of petrissage in which the tissue is grasped, gently lifted, and spread out, used mainly for massaging the arms</p></li><li><p>*Basic Massage Manipulations FrictionDeep rubbing movement in which you apply pressure on the skin with your fingers or palms while moving it over an underlying structureSignificant benefit on the circulation and glandular activity of the skinTypically used on the scalp, arms, and handsChucking, rolling and wringing are variations of friction, and are used mainly to massage the arms and legs</p></li><li><p>*Basic Massage Manipulations _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ and should be applied with care and discretionTone the muscles and impart a healthy glow to the are being massagedIn facial massage, use only light digital tapping. Bring the fingertips down against the skin in rapid successionHacking is a form of tapotement in which chopping movements are performed with the edges of the hands. Used only to massage the back, shoulders, and arms</p></li><li><p>*Basic Massage Manipulations VibrationRapid shaking of the body part while the balls of the fingertips are pressed firmly on the point of applicationA highly relaxing movement that should be applied at the end of the massageIt increases muscle tone in the muscles of the body</p></li><li><p>* Effects of MassageTo obtain proper results from massage, you must have a thorough knowledge of the structures involved, including muscles, nerves, connective tissues, and blood vessels. Every muscle has a _________________________ which is a point on the skin over the muscle where pressure or stimulation will cause contraction of that muscleRelaxation is achieved through light but firm, slow, rhythmic movements, or very slow, light hand vibrations over the motor points for a short time. Another technique is to pause briefly over the motor points, using light pressure</p></li><li><p>*03/11/2012Free template from www.brainybetty.comMotor Points</p></li><li><p>*Facial ManipulationsThe best manipulations to use on the face are that an even tempo, or rhythm, brings on relaxationDo not remove your hands from the clients face once you have started the manipulations_______________________________________________________, then gently replace them with feather-like movements</p></li><li><p>*03/11/2012Free template from www.brainybetty.comChin MovementLift the chin using a slight pressure</p></li><li><p>*03/11/2012Free template from www.brainybetty.comLower CheekUsing a circular movement, rotate from chin to ears</p></li><li><p>*03/11/2012Free template from www.brainybetty.comMouth, nose, &amp; cheekFollow diagram</p></li><li><p>*03/11/2012Free template from www.brainybetty.comLinear movement over the foreheadSlide fingers to the temples and then stroke up to hairline, gradually moving your hands across the forehead to the right eyebrow</p></li><li><p>*03/11/2012Free template from www.brainybetty.comCircular movement over the foreheadStarting at the eyebrow line work across the middle of the forehead and then toward the hairline</p></li><li><p>*03/11/2012Free template from www.brainybetty.comCrisscross MovementStart at one side of the forehead and work back</p></li><li><p>*03/11/2012Free template from www.brainybetty.comStrokingSlide your fingers towards the center of the forehead and then draw your fingers, with slight pressure, toward the temples and rotate</p></li><li><p>*03/11/2012Free template from www.brainybetty.comBrow and eye movementPlace your middle fingers at the inner corners of the eyes and your index fingers over the brows. Slide them towards the outer corners of the eyes, under the eyes, and then back to the inner corners</p></li><li><p>*03/11/2012Free template from www.brainybetty.comNose and upper cheek movement Slide your fingers down the nose. App...</p></li></ul>