Chapter 16: World War Looms Section 3: The Holocaust

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Standards 11.7.5 Discuss the constitutional issues and impact of events on the U.S. home front, including the response of the administration to Hitler's atrocities against Jews and other groups.

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Chapter 16: World War Looms Section 3: The Holocaust Standards 11.7.5 Discuss the constitutional issues and impact of events on the U.S. home front, including the response of the administration to Hitler's atrocities against Jews and other groups. Objectives Following lecture and reading of this section, students will be able to: Explain the reasons behind the Nazis persecution of Jews and the problems facing Jewish refugees Describe the Nazis Final Solution to the Jewish problem and the horrors of the Holocaust Identify and describe the profound and lasting effects of the Holocaust on surviviors Overview During the Holocaust, the Nazis systematically executed 6 million Jews and 5 million other non-Aryans. 11 million people total killed Millions other imprisoned in work camps Jews Targeted Hitler ordered all non-Aryans to be removed from government jobs (1933) Europe has long history of anti-Semitism Hatred of Jews Hitlerclaimed Jews were the cause of the failures of Germanys economy and loss of WWI Germans believe Hitlers claims, blame Jews for problems Genocide-systematic extermination of a group Kristallnacht Nuremburg LawsNazis take away from Jews Citizenship Jobs Property Require all Jews to wear Star of David (yellow) Kristallnacht (11/9/38)-Nazis attacked Jewish homes, businesses, synagogues About 100 Jews killed, hundreds injured, 30,000 arrested Goal: get Jews to leave Jews blamed for destroying their own property A Flood of Jewish Refugees1938, Nazis try to speed up Jewish emigration Jews cannot find any nations to take them. France takes 40,000 refugees, Britain takes 80, ,000 in Palestine; both refuse more U.S. takes 100,000 persons of exceptional merit as refugees Americans feared economic strain of refugees, entrance of enemy agents; anti-Semitism developed The Plight of the St. LouisThe St. Louis was a Jewish ocean liner Headed for U.S. Full of Jewish refugees from Germany Coast Guard prevented passengers on St. Louis from disembarking Would not let the Jews into America Ship forced to return to Europe; most passengers killed in Holocaust The Condemned Targeted: Hitlers Final Solution: Jews GypsiesSlavery Genocide of inferior groups Genocide- deliberate, systematic killing of an entire population Nazi death squads rounded up Jews & shot them (SS) Targeted: Jews Gypsies Freemasons Jehovahs Witnesses unfit Germans Homosexuals Mentally retarded Forced Relocation Jews were forced into ghettossegregated areas in Polish cities Inside the ghettos, some formed resistance movements Underground newspapers Others maintain Jewish culture Education Theater Music Concentration Camps Many Jews taken to concentration camps, or labor camps Families often were separated Camps were originally prisons Camps were given to SS to warehouse undesirables Prisoners crammed into wooden barracks, given little food, most died Worked dawn to dusk, 7 days per week Those too weak to work are killed Mass Exterminations Germans built death camps; gas chambers used to kill thousands On arrival, SS doctors separated those who could or could not work Those who cant work immediately killed in gas chamber At first bodies buried in pits Later cremated to cover up evidence Some are shot, hanged, poisoned, or die from experiments The Survivors About 6 million Jews killed in death camps, massacresSome escape, many with help from ordinary people Some survive concentration camps Survivors forever changed by experience

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