chapter 16: world war looms
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DESCRIPTIONSection 1: Dictators Threaten World Peace. Chapter 16: World War Looms. Why had the Treaty of Versailles created anger and resentment in many nations?. Economic depression caused revolutions in Europe Germany resented post WW I treatment Soviets resented losing territory - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Chapter 16: World War Looms
USSR - Joseph StalinJoseph Stalin QuotesThe only real power comes out of a long rifle.
The people who cast the votes decide nothing. The people who count the votes decide everything.
The Pope? How many divisions has he got?
We don't let them have ideas. Why would we let them have guns?
Why had the Treaty of Versailles created anger and resentment in many nations? Economic depression caused revolutions in Europe Germany resented post WW I treatmentSoviets resented losing territory
These problems encouraged people to turn to dictators to solve problems.Russia (The Soviet Union)Problems from World War IA. Civil War (communists vs. non-communists)B. Loss of territory. (map)New Leader: Joseph Stalin (1924)A. System Communist dictatorship.B. Goals1. Industrialize the Soviet Union.2. Expand Soviet power.3. Increase agricultural output.Russia (The Soviet Union)C. Methods1. Govt. took total control of industry and farming.2. Destroyed political opponents.3. Took away individual freedoms.D. Aggressive actions in 1930s?- None really. Stalin was focused on establishing communism and modernizing Russia first.The characteristics of a totalitarian state
Complete control over citizensIndividuals have no rightsGovernment suppresses opposition
ItalyProblems from World War IA. Unemployment and inflation.B. Fear of communism.II. New Leader: Benito Mussolini (1922)A. System fascist dictatorship.B. Goals1. Restore order in Italy.2. Achieve greatness for Italy.C. Aggressive Actions1. Invaded Ethiopia to establish colonial empire.2. Supported fascists in Spanish Civil War.
The characteristics of Fascism
Look back in history to their past greatness
No criticism of the government Censorship
Schools teach fascism
The individual exists to serve the state
GermanyProblems from World War IA. Unemployment and inflation.B. Anger over Treaty of Versailles.C. Longing for a place in the sun.D. Fear of communism.II. New Leader: Adolph Hitler (1933)A. System fascist dictatorship.B. Goals1. Restore order in Germany.2. Avenge loss in World War I.3. Create great German empire3. Eliminate Jewish problem.GermanyC. Aggressive Actions1. Pulled out of League of Nations (1933).2. Rebuilt German military. 3. Sent troops into the Rhineland. (1936)4. Annexed Austria (1938)5. Insisted on taking western Czechoslovakia. (1938)
Book burning rallies
A Nuremberg Rallyhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ilXVkgmJk2E
How fortunate for leaders that men do not think.- A. Hitler1936 The Rome- Berlin Axis
The Third Reich
The term Third Reich is used to describe Hitlers Nazi regime in Germany from 1933 to 1945.SpainI. New Leader: General Francisco Franco (1939)A. System: fascist dictatorship.B. Goals1. Create fascist dictatorship in Spain.C. Aggressive Actions1. Led a rebellion against Spanish govt.2. Became the Spanish Civil War a. fascists vs. non-fascists (including socialists and communists) b. Germany and Italy supported the fascists. c. The Soviet Union and some Americans supported the non-fascists. Guernica d. Became a testing ground for the German military. e. Fascists won.JapanI. Problems from World War IA. Lack of land and natural resources.II. New Leader: Hideki Tojo (1941)A. System: Military dictatorship (similar to fascism)B. Goals:1. Create Japanese empire in the Pacific.2. Secure natural resources for Japan.C. Aggressive Actions:1. Invaded Manchuria in 1931.2. Invaded rest of China in 1937. 3. Took French and British colonies in S.E. Asia.
Describe Americas foreign policy in response to events in Europe in the 1930s.ThinkWhat have you previously learned that supports US commitment to this policy?What type of foreign policy did the US adopt after WW I?
Rejection of The Treaty of VersaillesThe Kellogg-Briand PactWashington Naval ConferenceBooks: All Quiet On the Western frontNye Committee All of the abovedemonstrate Isolationism
5. What factors contributed to Americas growing isolationism?Books being publishedThe Nye CommitteeNeutrality Acts passed by Congress6. What laws did Congress pass regarding the policy of isolationism? The Neutrality Acts are designed to keep the US out of war 1935: Banned war supplies 1935: Forbid travel 1936: Prohibited loans 1937: Included the Spanish CW1939: cash-and-carry Map of the Axis Powers 1942