ccna notes final

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(CCNA Certified, CCNP Certified, CCIE Studied) Arrange and design: Yama (Aman) 2010

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11 1 1WW 41 W11W1 )ns|in tanes 3n|ernatits

V.:--e :..: IIIIIIXXXAAA IIIBBBIIIRRRSSSEEE SSSTTTIIIBBBYYY GuIded by: Sir Suud Khun (CCNA Certified, CCNP Certified, CCIE Studied) Arrange and design: Yama (Aman) 2010 CCNA ]ana (Anan) ii Network................................................................................................................................................................... 1 System side.......................................................................................................................................................... 1 Network side ....................................................................................................................................................... 1 CCNA: ............................................................................................................................................................ 1 SOME DEVICES USED OVER NETWORK ...................................................................................................... 1 1. Repeater: ................................................................................................................................................. 1 2. Bridge:..................................................................................................................................................... 1 3. HUB: ....................................................................................................................................................... 1 4. Switch (4ports):....................................................................................................................................... 1 5. Router (L3 Device): ................................................................................................................................ 1 Interneworking models ....................................................................................................................................... 1 1. OSI (Open System Interconnection)....................................................................................................... 1 2. TCP/IP..................................................................................................................................................... 2 3. Cisco 3-layer hierarchical Model............................................................................................................ 3 IP Addresses ....................................................................................................................................................... 3 1. IPv4......................................................................................................................................................... 3 2. IPv6:........................................................................................................................................................ 3 Dual stacking: ................................................................................................................................................. 3 Subnetting............................................................................................................................................................... 4 Converting a decimal IP into binary .................................................................................................................. 4 What is Sub netting......................................................................................................................................... 4 How to subnet ..................................................................................................................................................... 4 Subnetting class C........................................................................................................................................... 5 Notes: ..........................................................................................................................................................- 6 - Subnetting class B.......................................................................................................................................- 7 - Subnetting class A.......................................................................................................................................- 7 - Notes ...........................................................................................................................................................- 8 - Routing ...............................................................................................................................................................- 9 - Routers............................................................................................................................................................- 9 - Router configuration ...................................................................................................................................- 9 - Router & Switch administrative functions....................................................................................................- 10 - 1. Host name .........................................................................................................................................- 10 - 2. Password ...........................................................................................................................................- 10 - 3. Banners .............................................................................................................................................- 10 - 4. Interface description..........................................................................................................................- 10 - Routing..........................................................................................................................................................- 11 - Static routing.............................................................................................................................................- 12 - Note...........................................................................................................................................................- 13 - Default routing..........................................................................................................................................- 14 - Dynamic routing .......................................................................................................................................- 14 - Protocol Types ..........................................................................................................................................- 14 - Protocol Classes ........................................................................................................................................- 14 - Wildcard calculation.....................................................................................................................................- 18 - Notes .........................................................................................................................................................- 18 - Switching..........................................................................................................................................................- 19 - Switch............................................................................................................................................................- 19 - VLAN .......................................................................................................................................................- 19 - VTP (VLAN Trunking Protocol) ...................................................................................................................- 20 - Trucking....................................................................................................................................................- 21 - STP (Spanning Tree Protocol)......................................................................................................................- 23 - CCNA ]ana (Anan) iii InterVLAN routing ...................................................................................................................................- 24 - MLS (Multilayer Switching)..........................................................................................................................- 24 - Security.............................................................................................................................................................- 26 - Access Control List (ACL) ............................................................................................................................- 26 - Standard ACL configuration.........................................................................................................................- 26 - Extended ACL configuration ........................................................................................................................- 27 - Named ACL configuration............................................................................................................................- 27 - NATTING.........................................................................................................................................................- 28 - Configuring Static NAT ................................................................................................................................- 28 - Configuring Dynamic NAT...........................................................................................................................- 29 - Configuring Overloading..............................................................................................................................- 30 - Frame relay ......................................................................................................................................................- 32 - Internal components ........................................................................................................................................- 34 - Software portion ...........................................................................................................................................- 34 - 1. Boot strap..........................................................................................................................................- 34 - 2. POST.................................................................................................................................................- 34 - 3. ROM monitor....................................................................................................................................- 34 - 4. Mini IOS ...........................................................................................................................................- 34 - Hardware portion .........................................................................................................................................- 34 - 1. RAM.................................................................................................................................................- 34 - 2. ROM.................................................................................................................................................- 34 - 3. Flash..................................................................................................................................................- 34 - 4. NVRAM............................................................................................................................................- 34 - Boot sequence ...........................................................................................................................................- 34 - VPN (Virtual Private Networks)......................................................................................................................- 35 - VPN types......................................................................................................................................................- 35 - VPN protocols...............................................................................................................................................- 35 - Wireless LAN (WiFi) .......................................................................................................................................- 36 - Modes............................................................................................................................................................- 36 - Standards ......................................................................................................................................................- 36 - Topologies.....................................................................................................................................................- 36 - Configuration................................................................................................................................................- 36 - Loading IOS on a router..................................................................................................................................- 38 - How to Copy IOS..........................................................................................................................................- 38 - How to load IOS ...........................................................................................................................................- 38 - Note...............................................................................................................................................................- 38 - CCNA ]ana (Anan) 1 XETWBRR XETWBRR XETWBRR XETWBRR 14-12-2009 1 11 1M41& M41& M41& M41& The connection between homogenous and heterogonous devices to share their resources and information is called network, Network is studied by its two sides as System side and Network side. _mer m1Oe The system side is studied under following certifications as: 1. MCP: Microsoft Certified Professional. 2. MCSE: Microsoft Certified System Engineer 3. MCSA: Microsoft Certified System Administrator 1em