broughton hall tour guide history broughton hall

Click here to load reader

Post on 23-Mar-2016




0 download

Embed Size (px)







  • SALOON > Broughton Hall, as it stands, has been the seat of the Tempest family since the 16th Century. > The Tempests are believed to have come to England from

    Normandy during William the Conquerors 1066 invasion of England and were given land in the aftermath of the invasion.

    > Roger Tempest, the current Custodian of the estate, is the 32nd Tempest in a recorded line dating from the 12th century.

    > The Broughton estate was initially formed by the marriage of Roger Tempest II to Katherine Gilliot in 1407, which included the watermill and the land at Bracewell. The estate today comprises 2,700 acres.

    > The Tempests are one of Englands oldest Catholic landed gentry families and theres evidence of Mass being read in Broughton back to April 1453. Note the image of James II, the last Catholic monarch of England, hanging on the wall of the Saloon between the entrance to the dining room and the kitchen.

    > After the Reformation (1537), when the head of Englands church became the King (Henry VIII) rather than the Pope, life for the Catholic gentry was made very difficult with heavy fines and exclusion from public and military affairs.

    > Legend has it that, during the English Civil War, the lawns of Broughton Hall were the scene of bloody battles between Parliamentarians and Royalists.

    > Everything was nearly lost at Broughton when Oliver Cromwell and his men made themselves unwelcome guests at the hall in 1648 during the Civil War. They caused much dilapidation on the grounds and cost the estate a lot of money, but the estate survived.

    > Today it is a successful business park, which employs 600 people.

    > Three generations of Tempests shaped Broughton Hall in the 18th and 19th centuries, but this room is part of the original 1597 manor that was built in a typical Elizabethan style. There are architects drawings in the drawers next to the door leading to the library. They show the changes to the house from 1597 to present day.

    > The porch at the front of the house was designed to be big enough to allow a coach and horses in, it was designed by a Cumbrian architect called George Webster, who also added the clock tower and refaced the front of the hall in Golden Ashlar stone.

    > The central hall was originally much bigger in the Elizabethan fashion but was later divided into a saloon and apses by the pairs of Ionic columns. The design of the saloon was inspired by the entry vestibule at the Assembly Room in York.

    > The conservatory was conceived by the landscape gardener William Andrew Nesfield and the far dome was added in 1997 and exhibited in the Chelsea Flower Show.




    > Why/how did the family get the land originally?

    The belief is that the family was given land by William The Conqueror, who bequeathed land to his supporters after the invasion of England by the Normans.

    > Why are the columns wooden?

    Such faux-marble was a fairly common feature of the period. They were regrained in the 1970s.


    > The monarchy of England was restored in 1660, with Charles II as the Anglican head of State.

    > Sir Stephen Tempest IV (portrait on wall opposite the fireplace, bottom left wearing black armour and red sash) was knighted by Charles II that year for the Tempest familys support for the Royals during the English Civil War.

    > As Catholics, the Tempests were part of a persecuted minority in England and were forced to carefully manage the economy of the estate, pay fines for practicing Catholicism and - at certain points in history - send their children abroad to receive a Catholic education.

    > This dining room was re-modelled in the 1810s by Stephen Tempest VIII to give the room its Regency-era appearance. It is has remained largely the same since then.

    > Portraits on the wall opposite the fireplace, from top-left clockwise:

    Arthur Cecil Tempest, born 1847, came second in the Grand National. He always said he would have won if hed not had a tot of brandy the night before.

    Eleanor Blanche Tempest, wife of Arthur Cecil, carved three fireplaces in Broughton Hall despite being blind in one eye. She also decorated a lot of the rooms including the Red Drawing Room.

    Anne Gascoigne, wife of Stephen Tempest IV. Sir Stephen Tempest IV

    > On either side of the fireplace are portraits of (left) Brigadier -General Roger Stephen Tempest, who fought in the Boer War in South Africa and in the trenches of the First World War. The portrait to the right of the fireplace is his wife Valerie Arthur.

    > The furniture makers Gillows of Lancaster have been a cornerstone of the interiors of Broughton Hall. The Gillows dining table was designed so that diners can sit anywhere around it and not have a leg in the way.

    > Gillows were a noted Catholic family in Lancaster, and are still in business today. The first significant purchase was a wine cooler, similar to the one under the side board in the dining room, and 12 Hall chairs that are placed though out the hall and decorated with the family seal. Originally Stephen Tempest didnt like these chairs and pushed to get a discount, which he eventually got.

    > Broughton Hall has the largest collection of Gillows furniture with accompanying documentation in England. Gillows used mahogany from the West Indies and were one of the first importers of the material in England, during the brief period when Lancaster was a major port town.

    (continued over)







    > Is the dining room still in use, do people ever eat in here? Yes, occasionally. Until recently it was largely used by the

    current Custodians parents, Henry and Janet Tempest.


    > Sideboard and small half moon tables on either side of the fireplace include a little bottle screen curtain that was to protect the walls from splash back while drinks were being served.

    > The sideboard was made in 1813 and includes the heads of the Roman god Ceres and Greek God Silenus in the corners (representing food and drink respectively). Their heads also appear on the corners of the doors.

  • LIBRARY > After two centuries of keeping a low profile due to the persecution of Catholics, the relaxation of penal laws in the 18th century allowed the Tempests to flourish, beginning a golden age of literature, art collecting and architecture for the family.

    > That period began with Stephen Tempest VIs move to Broughton in 1732. Stephen was a friend of the poet Alexander Pope and a literary man.

    > He also believed that architecture was a key part of a gentlemans education and initiated a lot of the changes that turned Broughton from an Elizabethan manor into the Palladian- inspired, neo Classical pile that it is today. He originally designed this library as a drawing room.

    > Stephen Tempest VI penned and the published the Religio Laici, or Religion for the Layman, in 1759. It is a guide both to life and running a successful estate.

    > Many of the 5,000 books were collected in his lifetime. All of the books have been catalogued and were individually cleaned, page by page, over three years in the early 2000s.

    > The library contains the hand written Pedigree of the Tempests, written by Eleanor Blanche Tempest in the 19th Century, who also carved the fireplaces upstairs [mentioned earlier in the tour]. This traces the familys genealogy back to the earliest known Tempest.

    > The ceiling was designed by John Foss in 1786, and contains four different types of gold leaf. Foss also designed the chimneypiece at the end of the room with its inlaid Sicilian jasper.

    > Portrait of Pope Alexander VII [at the far end of the room above the fireplace] dates from the 17th century, and was commissioned when the Tempests wanted to state their continued allegiance to the Pope rather than the Anglican king. It is possibly a copy of another painting because the Pope lacks the papal ring on his right hand in this image.

    > The glass and ormolu chandelier was supplied by Perry & Parker in 1819 for 52. The company had made chandeliers for George IV.

    > The two small columns on the table in front of the door are ormolu reproductions of Trajans Column in Rome. The original is over 38 metres tall and commemorates a victory of the Roman Emperor Trajan. These two columns are intricately engraved and there is an accompanying hand -coloured folio in the library that explains each of the details on the body. The two columns were purchased in Italy in the 19th Century.

    (continued over)






    > The fireplace was designed by Charles Sylvester, a notable inventor and chemist from Sheffield. The cast -iron panels on the floor of the fireplace can be raised so as to let the heat circulate better around the room. It is an excellent example of industrial age design, likely installed in the 1830s. Its thought that these fireplaces are the last of these fireplace designs by Sylvester remaining in England.

    > The son of Stephen Tempest VIII was a poet who travelled extensively through southern and central Europe. His handwritten poetry is held here in the library. He died in Rome in 1822 of consumption. There is a memorial to him at the foot of the Altar of St. Francis Xavier in the Church of the Gesu in