Aborigine s. Who are they? Aborigines First AustraliansFirst Australians Aborigine: Latin meaning from the beginningAborigine: Latin meaning from.

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Aborigines

AboriginesWho are they?AboriginesFirst AustraliansAborigine: Latin meaning from the beginning

When did they come?When? Debated!20,000-60,000 years agoMaybe up to 100,000 years ago

Where did they come from?

How did they come?

DisagreementLand bridgeIsland HoppersAboriginal ClansClan language group who owned a section of land100 peopleOne or two extended families (bands)Bands hunted and gathered togetherMet with other clans Totem poles sign of spiritual link to the land

Aboriginal DreamtimeStories and customs relating and explaining creationExample: WayambehThis image from the archives of LIFE magazine first appeared on December 12, 1955 Australian Aborigines Filled with the Spirit of the Kangaroo, Dancing to Honor the Sacred Marsupial

The Walkabout

A walkabout isA spiritual journey in which the Aborigines practice the traditional ways of their ancestorsA term coined by Europeans

An end to Aboriginal CultureEuropeans and SovereigntySaw no permanent settlementsViewed Aborigines as savages

William DampierEnglish explorer 1688Wrote that the Aborigines were, the miserablest people in the world.

James CookEnglish explorer 1770in reality they are far more happier than we EuropeansIn short they seemed to set no value upon anything we gave them, nor would they part with anything of their own for one article we could offer them.

Laws and OrdinancesThe Nanya tribe (lower Darling river, NSW), soon after their capture in 1894

Aboriginal Protection Act - 1869Passed to protect the AboriginesSegregation lawRestricted housing, employment, property rights, and social and daily life

Extension of Aborigines Protection ActRemoved Aboriginals of mixed descent from Aboriginal stationsAdult half-castes forced to assimilateChildren indenturedThe Half-Caste Act of 1886

Aboriginal Ordinance of 1918First Commonwealth law for governing Indigenous peopleGovernment control over Aboriginal livesContinued removal of half-castesAboriginal stations became work stationsLost Generation or Stolen Generation

Aboriginal Land Rights Act of 19761st time Aborigines could legally claim rights to land based on traditional occupationRestricted20 year limit (1997)Problem: lack of evidence

City AboriginesSubstandard housingLow levels of educationPoor healthLow levels of employmentConsiderable poverty

How do European Australians feel about the horrible injustice of the Aborigines?EmbarrassedResentful

The Whites always mean well when they take human fish out of the ocean and try to make them dry and warm and happy and comfortable in a chicken coop.Mark Twain once wrote after visiting Australia:

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