1980s america the conservative revolution. reagan (r) v. carter (d)

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1980s America The Conservative Revolution Slide 2 Reagan (R) v. Carter (D) Slide 3 1980 Election Slide 4 1980s America The 1980s was defined by technological advancement, disasters, extreme fashion trends and a return to conservative values. Follow along with the next several slides to examine ten trends in 1980s America. Slide 5 Themes 1)Reagan 2) Automobile recovery 3) Factory relocations 4) Pop and Rock 5) A.I.D.S. Epidemic 6) Natural Disasters 7) Other Disasters 8) Consumerism 9) Technology 10) End of Cold War 1980s America Slide 6 Roots of the New Conservatism Voters wanted a big change in government so in the election of 1980 Ronald Reagan and the Republicans offered that change. New Right = Conservatives that wanted to limit the government and bring back Christian roots. The conservative views had gained momentum from 1930s 1970s. 1980 Reagan and Republicans win big. 1980s America Slide 7 Reagans landslide victories indicated a shift back to conservative values during the 1980s Themes 1980s America 1) Reagan Slide 8 Assassination Attempt 69 days into presidency Reagan gets shot by John Hinckley Jr. John Hinckley Jr. wanted to impress actress Jodie Foster and hope to get a date. Reagan suffers punctured lung; bullet stops an inch from his heart. Hinckley found to be legally insane and sent to psychiatric hospital. Ronald Reagans first words Honey, I forgot to duck. Reagan spends two weeks in hospital, then recovers the rest of the way in the White House. 1980s America Slide 9 Slide 10 WEIRD Every president elected in a year ending in a zero from 1840 on has died in office - except Reagan (and George Bush Jr.). In fact, Zachary Taylor is the only president not elected in a year ending in zero who did die in office. 1840 - William Harrison (pneumonia) 1860 - Abraham Lincoln (assassinated) 1880 - James Garfield (assassinated) 1900 - William McKinley (assassinated) 1920 - Warren Harding (heart attack) 1940 - Franklin Roosevelt (cerebral hemorrhage) 1960 - John F. Kennedy (assassinated) 1980 Ronald Reagan (attempted assassination) Slide 11 Themes 1980s America Other conservative concerns revolved around the drug and sex filled rock culture, affirmative action leading to reverse discrimination, and the legalization of abortion. 1) Reagan Slide 12 Reagans Domestic Policy Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 Made legal all illegal aliens who could prove that they had been in the United States since January 1, 1982 Reaganomics A dramatic reduction in personal income taxes Deregulation of business and industry Tough stand against federal labor unions, such as PATCO The theory of supply-side economics Reduced taxed would increase investments and in turn stimulate production, jobs, ad prosperity Reagan aimed to reduce government regulations because they stifled competition. Highest priorities as president Cutting federal spending Legacy Startling escalation of annual federal deficits and of the nation debt In response to an August, 1981 strike, President Reagan basically destroyed the union representing Air traffic controller Cut funding for government run mental hospitals. 1980s America Slide 13 Reagans Domestic Policy Economic Recovery and Tax Act of 1981 Reduce the amount money taken in by the federal government Attempt to stimulate business activity Put more money in the hand of consumers Economic Plan Providing less government regulation in big businesses Reducing taxed on the wealthiest Americans Encouraging wider participation in the stock market 1980s America Slide 14 Reagans Foreign Policy Major Aim Stop the spread of communism The Soviet Union Reagan called it The Evil Empire Strategic Defense Initiative, or Star Wars A computer-controlled system to destroy enemy missiles in out space Created an expensive defense plan based on super lasers and satellites Deterioration of Soviet-American relations South Korean airline incident Institution of martial law in Poland Invasion of Afghanistan Policy toward Latin America overthrow the Marxist government Helped El Salvador and Grenada not become communist 1980s America Slide 15 Themes 1) Reagan 1980s America President Ronald Reagan served as U.S. president for 8 years during this decade. His views on economics were called supply-side economics, trickle-down economics, and more popularly, Reaganomics. Slide 16 Themes 1980s America His idea was to give tax cuts to everyone, especially business owners. Business owners would then have more money to hire employees, create jobs, expand and produce products at higher quality and quantity, thus boosting the economy. 1) Reagan Slide 17 Themes 1980s America This approach to taxes was (and remains) highly controversial. Proponents say that it boosted the American economy, stopped inflation in its tracks, and even contributed to winning the Cold War. Critics say that the tax cuts dont trickle down unless the rich choose to spend, and that these policies have only widened the wealth gap in America. 1) Reagan Slide 18 Themes 1980s America At the time, Reagans supporters were much more numerous, indicating a shift back to conservatism, including a tendency toward Laissez Faire economics, limited government, cuts to social programs and anti- communist rhetoric. 1) Reagan Slide 19 Reagans Second Term In 1984 Reagan beats Mondale in second worst election beating. are you better off now than 4 years ago 1984 Olympics in L.A., Soviets boycott. Statue of Liberty refurbished. 200 th anniversary of Constitution. Reagan appoints 1 st woman to Supreme CourtSandra Day OConnor. 1980s America Slide 20 Reagan (R) v. Mondale (D) Slide 21 1984 Slide 22 Slide 23 Themes 2) Automobile Recovery 1980s America The early 1980s was a difficult time for American car companies. The economic decline put Chrysler and American Motors on the verge of bankruptcy. Ford was also struggling. Slide 24 Themes 2) Automobile Recovery 1980s America But by 1985, the American auto industry was breaking sales records. Reasons for the rapid automobile recovery are attributed to the necessity to reinvent and compete with popular, affordable and reliable imports. Slide 25 Themes 2) Automobile Recovery 1980s America Japanese companies like Honda, Toyota and Datsun (Nissan) began producing cars in the U.S. in order to avoid import tariffs in the early 80s. Korean car companies like Hyundai began competing in the American market in 1986. Even the Soviet Union was producing cars like the Yugo, built in Yugoslavia. But the Yugo was so cheap and unreliable that it became the butt of jokes for decades to come. Slide 26 Themes 2) Automobile Recovery 1980s America Chrysler bought Lamborghini, Maserati, Jeep and Eagle to better compete with the larger U.S. companies Ford and General Motors. They also developed compact front-wheel drive K-cars in the early 1980s to compete with Japanese imports. Slide 27 Themes 2) Automobile Recovery 1980s America GM invented a new brand called Saturn to compete with the reputation and affordability of many popular Japanese makes and models like the Honda Civic, Toyota Camry, and Nissan Sentra. Slide 28 Themes 2) Automobile Recovery 1980s America A vehicle trend in the 1980s was toward smaller and more fuel efficient cars. Ford championed the idea of aerodynamically rounded edges to decrease drag and increase fuel efficiency. In fact, the 1985 Ford Taurus is cited as the first mass- produced aerodynamic design, causing a chain reaction of design changes in virtually every other car company. Slide 29 Themes 3) Factory Relocations 1980s America Many developing nations grew wealthy during the 1980s. During this decade, many American companies began to see the profitability of exporting the production process (including factories and jobs) to developing countries. Overseas, they could pay workers a fraction of what American workers were paid. Slide 30 Themes 3) Factory Relocations 1980s America Countries like Thailand, Mexico, South Korea, Taiwan, Japan and China were popular destinations for American companies to relocate. China in particular has since grown into the worlds second-largest economy as a result of American and other international companies producing and demanding cheaper products from there. Slide 31 Themes 3) Factory Relocations 1980s America Many U.S. companies have come under fire not only for exporting American jobs, but for tolerating poor or dangerous working conditions in foreign factories. In recent history, companies like Nike (child labor) and Apple (cancer- causing side effects) have come under public scrutiny related to factory working conditions overseas. Slide 32 Themes 1980s America If the 1960s and 1970s are respectively associated with rock and disco, then the 1980s are associated with both pop and Rock. Rock 1980s Pop Hard Rock Heavy Metal Hardcore Hip Hop Techno Punk Rock House Music Rap Glam Metal Synthpop New Wave Grunge 4) Pop and Rock Slide 33 Themes 1980s America The pop scene of the decade was dominated by the queen of pop (Madonna) and the king of pop (Michael Jackson), as well as artists like: Whitney Houston, Duran Duran, Prince, Queen, and Tina Turner. Additionally, the MTV phenomenon introduced music videos as another mediums to both entertain fans and to reach a greater number of potential consumers. 4) Pop and Rock http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=sOnqjkJTMaA http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=GuJQSAiODqI Slide 34 Themes 1980s America The rock scene of the decade was personified in the collective works of bands like Motley Crue, Guns n Roses, Metallica, Iron Maiden, Bon Jovi, Def Leppard, Megadeth and Slayer. 1970s rock bands also experienced success into the 1980s, like: AC/DC, Van Halen, KISS, and Ozzy Osbourne. 4) Pop and Rock Slide 35 Themes 4) Pop and Rock 1980s America The Rock scene also made a significant mark on the world of fashion. 1980s fashion is altogether unique, some might even call it strange. Perms Jheri curls Flattops Hi

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