1) Use UNIT3...2 3) Form will-future going to-future Present Simple Present Continuous Future Continuous Future Perfect will + infinitive to be (am, are, is)

Download 1) Use  UNIT3...2 3) Form will-future going to-future Present Simple Present Continuous Future Continuous Future Perfect will + infinitive to be (am, are, is)

Post on 02-Apr-2018

213 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

<ul><li><p>1 </p><p>THE FUTURE IN ENGLISH </p><p>1) Use </p><p>will-future going to-future Present Simple Present </p><p>Continuous Future Continuous Future Perfect </p><p>prediction, </p><p>assumption; </p><p>spontaneous action; </p><p>action happens </p><p>without the speaker's </p><p>intention </p><p>planned action in the </p><p>future; </p><p>logical consequence </p><p>(sth. is going to </p><p>happen) </p><p>future action is fixed </p><p>(e.g. timetable, </p><p>calendar) </p><p>planned action in </p><p>the near future with </p><p>a reference to a </p><p>future time. </p><p>action will definitely happen </p><p>(it usually happens) </p><p>sth. will already have </p><p>happened before a certain </p><p>time in the future </p><p>There is often very little difference between the future tenses. It often depends where you live (in Britain or the USA) and when you use the </p><p>sentence (in spoken or written communication). </p><p>In newspapers we often use the will-future, when the going to-future is used in oral communication. </p><p>newspaper: The headmaster will close the old gym. </p><p>oral: The headmaster is going to close the old gym. </p><p>We can substitute the going to-future with the Present Progressive when using an expression of time. </p><p>She is going to see Frank at the airport at 8.30. </p><p>She is seeing Frank at the airport at 8.30. </p><p>2) Signal words </p><p>There are no signal words that easily identify the future tenses. That's why you must understand and apply the different uses of each tense to each different circumstance. </p></li><li><p>2 </p><p>3) Form </p><p>will-future going to-future Present Simple Present Continuous Future Continuous Future Perfect </p><p>will + infinitive </p><p>to be </p><p>(am, are, is) </p><p>+going </p><p>to +infinitive </p><p>infinitive </p><p>3rd person singular </p><p>(he, she, </p><p>it)infinitive + -s </p><p>to be </p><p>(am, are, is) </p><p>+infinitive + -ing </p><p>will + be +infinitive + -ing will + have + past participle </p><p>4) Examples </p><p>will-future going to-future Present Simple Present Continuous Future Continuous Future Perfect </p><p>4-1 Affirmative sentences </p><p>He will carry this </p><p>bag for you. </p><p>We are going to </p><p>fly to Leeds in </p><p>summer. </p><p>The train leaves at </p><p>6.45. </p><p>I am going to a party </p><p>tonight. </p><p>They will be playing football </p><p>on Sunday afternoon. </p><p>She will have written the </p><p>letter by tomorrow. </p><p>will-future going to-future Present Simple Present </p><p>Continuous Future Continuous Future Perfect </p><p>4-2 Negative sentences </p><p>He will not carry </p><p>this bag for you. </p><p>We are not going </p><p>to fly to Leeds in </p><p>summer. </p><p>The train does </p><p>notleave at 6.45. </p><p>I am not going to a </p><p>party tonight. </p><p>They will not be </p><p>playing football on Sunday </p><p>afternoon. </p><p>She will not have </p><p>written the letter by </p><p>tomorrow. </p><p>will-future going to-future Present Simple Present </p><p>Continuous Future Continuous Future Perfect </p><p>4-3 Questions </p><p>Will he carry this </p><p>bag for you? </p><p>Are we going </p><p>tofly to Leeds in </p><p>summer? </p><p>Does the train </p><p>leave at 6.45? </p><p>Am I going to a </p><p>party tonight? </p><p>Will they be playing football </p><p>on Sunday afternoon. </p><p>Will she have written the </p><p>letter by tomorrow. </p></li><li><p>3 </p><p>THE FUTURE SIMPLE </p><p>Use </p><p>1) Future actions happen without the speaker's intention </p><p>The sun will shine tomorrow. </p><p>2) Predictions, assumptions </p><p>I think Sue will arrive in Paris at 6 pm. </p><p>3) Spontaneous actions </p><p>Hang on! I'll have a word with you. </p><p> Signal words no clear unambiguous words which differentiate the use of the future </p><p>simple </p><p> Form </p><p>will + infinitive </p><p>Examples </p><p>Affirmative sentences: </p><p>He will play football. </p><p>He'll play football. </p><p>Negative sentences: </p><p>He will not play football. </p><p>He won't play football. or He'll not play football. </p><p> Questions: </p><p>Will he play football? Yes, he will/No, he wont </p></li><li><p>4 </p><p>GOING TO </p><p>Use </p><p>1) planned actions in the future </p><p>We are going to sing at the party. </p><p>2) You are certain that sth. is going to happen in the </p><p>future. </p><p>Look at that car! It is going to crash into the yellow one. </p><p>Signal words </p><p>no unambiguous ones </p><p>Form </p><p>to be (am, are, is) + going to + infinitive </p><p>Examples </p><p>Affirmative sentences: </p><p>I am going to play handball. </p><p>I'm going to play handball. </p><p>You are going to play handball. </p><p>You're going to play handball. </p><p>Negative sentences: </p><p>I am not going to play handball. </p><p>I'm not going to play handball. </p><p>You are not going to play handball. </p><p>You're not going to play handball. </p><p>You aren't going to play handball. </p><p>Questions: </p><p>Am I going to play handball? Are you going to play handball? </p><p>ATTENTION!! </p><p>Do not mix up with the Present Continuous! </p><p>going to-future Present Continuous </p><p>He's going to run in the marathon. He's running in the marathon next Sunday. </p></li></ul>

Recommended

View more >