Where they are. What they do. What hormones they produce.

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Where they are. What they do. What hormones they produce. </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> The hypothalamus gland has a very important job to connect the nervous system with the endocrine system. Hes a real smooth operator and releases the hormone oxytocin, which plays a role in what you feel when youre in love. He works from deep inside your brain to make hormones that make other glands make hormones. He even controls the so-called master gland, the pituitary gland. The hypothalamus also has a hand in regulating body temperature, hunger, thirst, fatigue, and anger. Hes kind of a big deal. </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Even though the pituitary is just a tiny little pea- sized nubbin hanging out at the base of your brain, he is known as the master gland because he controls all of the other endocrine glands (however, he is controlled, in turn, by the hypothalamus). His main functions include stimulating growth, regulating blood pressure, sex hormones, metabolism and water regulation. Hes one busy fella. </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Whether youre a couch potato or a marathon runner, the thyroid tells the body how fast to go. It makes thyroxin. From the front of the neck, this gland serves as the bodys gas pedal, deciding how much energy to burn. Its metabolism central, baby. </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Ultrasound Image </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Chronic Fatigue Weight Gain Puffy Face Droopy Eyelids Depression Slow Reflexes Muscle Aches, Cramps, or Weakness Decreased Sex Drive Excessive Menstrual Bleeding Premenstrual Tension Absence of Periods Loss of Appetite Constipation Memory Loss Difficulty Concentrating Dry, Itchy Skin </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Diarrhea Diarrhea Goiter Goiter Palpitations Palpitations Nervousness Nervousness Restlessness Restlessness Flushing Flushing Heat Intolerance Heat Intolerance Hand Tremor Hand Tremor Sweating Fast Heart Rate Fast Heart Rate Increased Heart Rhythms Increased Heart Rhythms Protruding Eyes Protruding Eyes Moist Skin Moist Skin Menstrual Irregularity Menstrual Irregularity Unintentional Weight Loss Unintentional Weight Loss Fatigue Fatigue High Blood Pressure High Blood Pressure Hair Loss Hair Loss General Weakness General Weakness Increased Appetite Increased Appetite Difficulty Sleeping Difficulty Sleeping Involuntary Movements Involuntary Movements Clammy Skin Clammy Skin Infrequent Periods Infrequent Periods Breast Enlargement in Men Breast Enlargement in Men No Menstrual Period No Menstrual Period Motor Tic Motor Tic Flushed Complexion Flushed Complexion Loss of Part of Visual Field </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Coronal viewSagital view </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Michael Beckerman 2003 Acrylic on canvas </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> An important part of the bodys immune system, the thymus gives infection- fighting cells called T-cells after the thymus a nice place to live while they grow up and get ready to fight. Dont be immune to his charms. </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> The parathyroid glands secrete a hormone that tells the body how to divvy up calcium between the bones and the blood. They hang out on the back of the thyroid gland in the neck area, but rumors about a relationship between the two are just that theyre just friends. </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> The adrenal glands sit atop your kidneys and work with the hypothalamus and pituitary glands to regulate metabolism and immunity. Most famously, the adrenal glands squish out the hormone adrenaline, which controls the bodys fight or flight response by speeding up your heart rate and otherwise pumping you up. Relax dont do it. </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> Fight or Flight </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> When this state of emergency is maintained for extended periods of time, weakening the immune system, causing interrupted sleep, exhaustion, kidney abnormalities, lower blood sugar and even hypothyroidism. Common Causes Of Adrenal Stress: Physical trauma Chemical toxins Poor diet / Digestion issues Excess exercise Lack of sleep Infections Emotional trauma Anxiety, depression Prescription drugs (Many) Pregnancy Stress </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> what can i do? Treatment for adrenal fatigue includes lifestyle modifications, diet, rest and supplementation. Simple changes including: breaks to rest, regular meals, light exercise and stretching, early bedtimes and sleeping more, and laughter (increases the parasympathetic supply to the adrenals) can help support the healing process of the adrenal glands. </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> The pancreas is a cute little organ nestled between the bottom of the stomach and the top of the small intestine. This little guy produces digestive enzymes, but he is best known for producing the hormone insulin. We need insulin to help us process glucose from the blood stream. Say pancreas in Japanese: suizou! </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> Slide 26 </li> <li> CAUSES: Too little food, too much insulin or diabetes medicine, or extra exercise. ONSET: Sudden, may progress to insulin shock. SUGAR: Below 70 mg/dL. Normal range: 70-115 mg/dL WHAT CAN YOU DO? Drink a cup of orange juice or milk or eat several hard candies Test Blood sugar Within 30 minutes after symptoms go away, eat a snack </li> <li> Slide 27 </li> <li> CAUSES: Too much food, too little insulin, illness or stress. ONSET: Gradual, may progress to diabetic coma. BLOOD SUGAR: Above 200 mg/dL. Normal range: 70-115 mg/dL WHAT CAN YOU DO? Test blood sugar If over 250mg/dL for several tests, CALL YOUR DOCTOR! </li> <li> Slide 28 </li> <li> Protected by the scrotum, these family jewels produce sex hormones and sperm. Testosterone makes the man, helping sperm find and fertilize those lady eggs. Sperm is the swimming cell responsible for fertilizing the egg. Absolutely nuts! </li> <li> Slide 29 </li> <li> Testicular cancer is the most common solid tumor diagnosed in men between the ages of 15 and 35. However, it is a relatively rare type of cancer, which accounts for only about 1 percent of all cancers in men. The American Cancer Society estimates that approximately 8,000 new cases of testicular cancer will be diagnosed in the United States this year. Advances in treatment mean that most men with testicular cancer, especially those diagnosed when the cancer is at an early stage, can now expect to survive the disease. In fact, the cure rate for all stages and types of testicular cancer combined is higher than 90 percent. </li> <li> Slide 30 </li> <li> The ovaries produce eggs and release sex hormones estrogen and progesterone, which control all kinds of female reproductive mayhem from period regulation to babymaking. Attached to the uterus, the two ovaries take turns releasing eggs down the fallopian tubes for possible fertilization. Its the gland of the ladies. </li> <li> Slide 31 </li> <li> Slide 32 </li> <li> Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer death in women. It is idiopathic, meaning that the exact cause is usually unknown. The disease is more common in industrialized nations, with the exception of Japan. In the United States, females have a 1.4% to 2.5% (1 out of 40-60 women) lifetime chance of developing ovarian cancer. </li> <li> Slide 33 </li> <li> Ovarian cancer usually produces no specific signs or symptoms in the early stages. However, if symptoms such as bloating, pelvic or abdominal pain, difficulty eating or feeling full quickly, or urinary symptoms (urgency or frequency) continue for several days, you should consult with a healthcare professional. Ovarian cancer is usually diagnosed with a pelvic examination and transvaginal ultrasound (an imaging procedure that uses a special imaging wand inserted into the vagina to identify tumors). </li> <li> Slide 34 </li> </ul>


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