vtu report

Download Vtu Report

Post on 02-Nov-2014

101 views

Category:

Documents

4 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

this is pdf how to make the thesis report for M.tech visvesvaraya technological university

TRANSCRIPT

DeclarationI Student Name, bearing USN: 4JC03LIE58, hereby declare that this dissertation work entitled Analysis and Implementation of IEC 61850 Standard for Communications in Substations was independently carried out by me under the guidance and supervision of Dr. Internal Guide Name, Professor of Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Your College of Engineering, College City and Industry guide Mr. Albert Einstein, Engineering ocer IV, Information Technology and Implementation Division, Some Research Institute, Bangalore. This dissertation work is submitted to Visvesvaraya Technological University in partial fulllment of the requirements for the award of Degree of Master of Technology in Industrial Electronics during the academic year 2005 - 2006.

Place: Date: Ekalavya F

AbstractThis will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space. This will b d abstract space

i

AcknowledgementsWith immense pleasure, I acknowledge the help, guidance and support received from various quarters during the course of my project work. Hence, I hereby express my gratitude to one and all. My sincere thanks to my project guide and mentor, Prof. ABC for his support and guidance. His vision and suggestions throughout the project period from choosing the problem, solving and presenting has been fundamental in completion of the project. Sir, you have been a source of motivation throughout. Heartfelt gratitude to my internal guide Prof. XXX YYY for the encouragement and advice provided to me during the project work and for reviewing and advising me on the report. My labmates here at Protocol Engineering & Technology Unit deserve more than a mention here. I acknowledge Pratik for all the support and help during my stay in PET Lab. I would not have realized the importance of Wikipedia had it not been for him. I acknowledge my other labmates Muruli, Narendra Sir, Varaprasad, Vikas and Vinod for their companionship, camaraderie and support. Every conversation on every coee session with you people was memorable and will be cherished. The lab wouldnt be as much fun to stay in without you all. I have to thank Stud and Hero with whom I spent some of the most cherished moments of my stay in Bangalore. Every one at nammamitra deserves more than a mention for their regular advice and inputs on everything academic or otherwise. I would never have been able to write the Literature Survey without all your suggestions. It would be unfair if I did not remember the pioneers of TEX type setting system, Donald Knuth,A and L TEX document preparation system, Leslie Lamport, without whose foresight report writing

would become a complex, frightful, tasteless job. And all those who created university thesis class les from which I have copied deserve a good hand. This section would not be complete without the mention of xxxxxx whose love and aection will be treasured throughout. My family members have always been a source of constant support, encouragement and inspiration. Thanking them would be an understatement. So i would like to conclude my acknowledgments by dedicating this project report to my parents.

Student Name. ii

Table of Contents

Abstract

i

Acknowledgements

ii

List of Figures

iv

List of Tables

v

1 Introduction 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Technology Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Context Aware Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Agents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Proposed Idea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Organization of the Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 2 4 5 5 5 6 6 8

2 Context Aware Systems 2.1 Context Awareness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

References

A First Appendix Chapter

9

iii

List of Figures1.1 1.2 Mobile Wireless Internet Architecture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Simulation results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 3

iv

List of Tables1.1 Statistics for training of various neural networks, averaged over 5 runs . . . . . . . . 2

v

Chapter 1

IntroductionThe purpose of this le is to provide every body with a generic report that you can cut and paste into. please feel free to remove text here and overwrite. General guidelines when overwriting: \chapter{Change every chapter name here}. \section{Change every section name here}. Latex numbers everything u dont have 2 worry abt it. Check all the labels (\label{}) and all the references (\ref{}) to the labels.When latex nds a \ref{architecture} it looks for the \label{architecture} and replaces \ref{} with the chapter/gure/section number. Similarly check all the \cite{} and replace by appropriate references.A Any special symbol u want 2 include can be found in that Not So Short Intro to L TEX,

Chapter 3.A How to write a Ph.D Thesis in L TEX gives very good bibliography tips. I guess the whole

book is good. glossary.ps in the directory is the glossary tutor for glossary.sty package. There are other glossary packages. This 1 is specic to this style le. This shows a latex equation: g(t) = et This showso latex equation 1.2: 1 2K12

/2 2j0 t

e

(1.1)

E=

k=0

yk f

J1 o wkj f j=0

I1 i=0

h wji xi

2

(1.2)

This is a latex table. Just 2 show a gure. The gure was created using dia just like GOD intended. If two or more gures have to be put side by side this is the way to do it.

1

Problem Dimensions of network (i,h,o) Number of examples Learning rate Max. MSE Total training cycles Training time (s) Avg. time/example (s)

Odd/even classier 5, 30, 1 10 0.2 5 109 500 32.15 0.0643

Character classier 35, 60, 26 26 0.3 1 106 2600 511.92 0.197

Paganini note classier 46, 100, 46 77 + 20% rests = 92.4 0.3 1 106 50000 10850.65 0.217

Table 1.1: Statistics for training of various neural networks, averaged over 5 runs

Figure 1.1: Mobile Wireless Internet Architecture. The rest of the report is total junk for you to read when u have no other work to do. Music is an extremely complex one-dimensional signal, generally regarded as pleasing to the human ear. It is the result of interactions between the musician or ensemble, the musical score the instrument and the environment (for example, the geometry of the surroundings). The resultant sound is aected by all of these factors, and no two performances are identical as a result of the complex nature of this interaction. Current technologies related to context aware computing are introduced in the following section.

1.1

Technology Primer . . . the most profound technologies are those that disappear. They weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are indistinguishable from it . . . . - Mark Weiser[1].

The three revolutions in computing[2]:

2

Products vs. Customers 100 Product 1 Product 2 Product 3 80 80 100

Products vs. Customers Product 1 Product 2 Product 3

60 Products Products 40

60

40

20

20

0 0 20 40 Customers 60 80 100

0 0 20 40 Customers 60 80 100

(a) Case I

(b) Case II

Figure 1.2: Simulation results 1950, Mainframe Computing. One computer is used by many people. Computing resources were scarce and sharing of resources was the norm. 1975, Personal Computing. One computer is used by one person. Relationship with the computing device is personal. The device contains ones data, and he/she interacts with it directly. 2000, Ubiquitous Computing. Many computers used by one person. Some of these computers will be among the hundreds one may access in the course of a few minutes of Internet browsing. Others will be embedded in walls, chairs, clothing, light switches, cars - in everything. Ubiquitous Computing is fundamentally characterized by the connection of things in the world with computation. This will take plac